Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca https://notulaebotanicae.ro/index.php/nbha <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca</strong> is a peer-reviewed&nbsp;<strong>quarterly (beginning in 2019)</strong> journal aimed at disseminating significant research and original papers, critical reviews and short reviews. The subjects refer on plant biodiversity, genetics and plant breeding, development of new methodologies that can be of interest to a wide audience of plant scientists in all areas of plant biology, agriculture, horticulture and forestry. The journal encourages authors to frame their research questions and discuss their results in terms of the major questions of plant sciences, thereby maximizing the impact and value of their research, and thus in favor of spreading their studies outcome. The papers must be of potential interest to a significant number of scientists and, if specific to a local situation, must be relevant to a wide body of knowledge in life sciences. Articles should make a significant contribution to the advancement of knowledge or toward a better understanding of existing biological and agricultural concepts. An international Editorial Board advises the journal. The total content of the journal may be used for educational, non-profit purposes without regard to copyright. The distribution of the material is encouraged with the condition that the authors and the source (<strong>Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca</strong> or JCR abbrev. title <strong>Not Bot Horti Agrobo</strong>) are mentioned.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Editor-in-Chief</strong></p> <ul> <li class="show"><a href="https://www.sestras.ro/">Radu E. SESTRAS</a></li> </ul> <p><strong>Advisory Editors</strong></p> <ul> <li class="show">Cornel CATOI</li> <li class="show">Viorel MITRE</li> <li class="show">Doru C. PAMFIL</li> </ul> <p><a href="/index.php/nbha/about/editorialTeam" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><strong>Editorial Board</strong></a></p> <p><strong>Journal Secretary</strong></p> <ul> <li class="show">Roxana L. STOIAN</li> <li class="show">Silviu L. MIC</li> </ul> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Print <strong>ISSN 0255-965X; </strong>Electronic <strong>ISSN 1842-4309</strong></p> <p><strong>License: &nbsp;</strong><strong> <a title="CC BY 4.0" href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><img src="/public/site/images/silviu_mic/by1.png" width="80" height="28"></a></strong><strong>&nbsp; <a title="About The Licenses" href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><img src="/public/site/images/silviu_mic/cc.logo_.png" width="118" height="28"></a></strong></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Open Access Journal:</strong> Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <ul> <li class="show">See information on <strong>‘</strong><strong>Policies’</strong> (<a href="/index.php/nbha/focus-scope">Focus and Scope</a>; <a href="/index.php/nbha/about/editorialPolicies#peerReviewProcess">Peer Review Process</a>; <a href="/index.php/nbha/about/editorialPolicies#publicationFrequency">Publication Frequency</a>; <a href="/index.php/nbha/about/editorialPolicies#openAccessPolicy">Open Access Policy</a>; <a href="/index.php/nbha/about/editorialPolicies#custom-0">Publication Ethics and Publication Malpractice Policy</a> etc.); <strong>‘</strong><strong>Submissions’</strong> (<a href="/index.php/nbha/about/submissions#onlineSubmissions">Online Submissions</a>; <a href="/index.php/nbha/about/submissions#authorGuidelines">Author Guidelines</a>; <a href="/index.php/nbha/about/submissions#copyrightNotice">Copyright Notice</a>; <a href="/index.php/nbha/about/submissions#privacyStatement">Privacy Statement</a>; <a href="/index.php/nbha/about/submissions#authorFees">Payment</a>&nbsp;etc.).</li> </ul> <p>&nbsp;</p> <ul> <li class="show"><strong>June 1, 2018: </strong>Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca in <strong><span style="color: #297439;"><a class="cta-secondary" style="color: #297439;" title="CiteScore 2018 value" href="https://journalmetrics.scopus.com/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">CiteScore rank (Scopus – Elsevier)</a></span></strong><strong> <span style="color: #297439;"><a href="https://www.scopus.com/sourceid/17700156420?origin=sbrowse">#34/72 in Horticulture</a> </span></strong></li> <li class="show"><strong>June 26, 2018: </strong>Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca in<strong> <span style="color: #297439;"><a href="https://clarivate.com/blog/science-research-connect/the-2018-jcr-release-is-here/"><span class="cta-secondary" style="color: #297439;">ISI Clarivate Analytics</span> 183/222 in Plant Sciences</a></span></strong><strong><span style="color: #297439;">&nbsp;</span></strong></li> </ul> <p align="center">&nbsp;</p> <p align="center"><strong>Published by AcademicPres on behalf of:</strong></p> <p align="center">University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, Cluj-Napoca</p> <p align="center">Romanian Academy of Agricultural and Forestry Sciences</p> <p align="center">Horticulture and Forestry Society from Transylvania</p> <p align="center">&nbsp;</p> <p class="functie"><strong>Abstracted and/or indexed:</strong></p> <ul> <li class="show">Clarivate Analytics, Master Journal List - SCIE, JCR, <a href="http://mjl.clarivate.com/">http://mjl.clarivate.com/</a>&nbsp;(IF 2017=0.648)</li> <li class="show">Scopus - Elsevier, <a href="https://www.scopus.com/sourceid/17700156420">https://www.scopus.com/sourceid/17700156420</a> (CiteScore 2017, metrics 2018=0.78)</li> <li class="show">ProQuest,&nbsp;<a href="http://www.proquest.com/">http://www.proquest.com/</a></li> <li class="show">Centre for Agriculture and Biosciences International (CABI),&nbsp;<a href="https://www.cabdirect.org/">https://www.cabdirect.org/</a></li> <li class="show">Chemical Abstracts Service (CAS),&nbsp;<a href="https://www.cas.org/">https://www.cas.org/</a></li> <li class="show">Russian Scientific and Technical Information Institute (VINITI),&nbsp;<a href="http://www.viniti.ru/">http://www.viniti.ru</a></li> <li class="show">Bielefeld Academic Search Engine (BASE),&nbsp;<a href="http://www.base-search.net/">http://www.base-search.net</a></li> <li class="show">Google Scholar,&nbsp;<a href="http://scholar.google.com/">http://scholar.google.com</a></li> <li class="show">British Library Direct (BLD),&nbsp;<a href="http://explore.bl.uk/">http://explore.bl.uk/</a></li> <li class="show">Mendeley,&nbsp;<a href="https://www.mendeley.com/research-papers/?query=Notulae%20Botanicae%20Horti%20Agrobotanici%20Cluj-Napoca">https://www.mendeley.com</a></li> <li class="show">The European Library,&nbsp;<a href="http://www.theeuropeanlibrary.org/tel4/search?query=Notulae%20Botanicae%20Horti%20Agrobotanici%20Cluj-Napoca">http://www.theeuropeanlibrary.org</a></li> <li class="show">Harvard Library,&nbsp;<a href="http://hollis.harvard.edu/primo_library/libweb/action/display.do?tabs=detailsTab&amp;ct=display&amp;fn=search&amp;doc=HVD_ALEPH011313468&amp;indx=1&amp;recIds=HVD_ALEPH011313468&amp;recIdxs=0&amp;elementId=0&amp;renderMode=poppedOut&amp;displayMode=full&amp;frbrVersion=&amp;frbg=&amp;&amp;vl(51615747UI0)=title&amp;dscnt=0&amp;vl(1UIStartWith0)=contains&amp;scp.scps=scope%3A%28HVD_FGDC%29%2Cscope%3A%28HVD%29%2Cscope%3A%28HVD_VIA%29&amp;tb=t&amp;mode=Basic&amp;vid=HVD&amp;tab=books&amp;srt=rank&amp;vl(394521272UI1)=all_items&amp;vl(freeText0)=Notulae%20Botanicae%20Horti%20Agrobotanici%20Cluj-Napoca&amp;dum=true&amp;dstmp=1510572056817">http://hollis.harvard.edu</a></li> <li class="show">Tianjin University of Finance and Economics (TJUFE),&nbsp;<a href="http://en.tjufe.findplus.cn/?h=search_list&amp;query=Notulae%20Botanicae%20Horti%20Agrobotanici%20Cluj-Napoca&amp;action[addexpander][]=fulltext">http://en.tjufe.findplus.cn</a></li> <li class="show">Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting (OAIster),&nbsp;<a href="http://www.oaister.org/">http://www.oaister.org</a></li> <li class="show">China Educational Publications Import and Export Corporation (SOCOLAR),&nbsp;<a href="http://www.socolar.com/">http://www.socolar.com</a></li> <li class="show">Ulrich's Periodicals Directory,&nbsp;<a href="http://www.ulrichsweb.com/">http://www.ulrichsweb.com</a></li> <li class="show">Elton B Stephens COmpany (EBSCO),&nbsp;<a href="http://www.ebscohost.com/">http://www.ebscohost.com</a></li> <li class="show">Information Matrix for the Analysis of Journals (MIAR),&nbsp;<a href="http://miar.ub.edu/">http://miar.ub.edu/</a></li> </ul> <div>&nbsp;</div> <p align="center"><em>First published 1965</em></p> <p align="center"><em>Print ISSN 0255-965X, Electronic ISSN 1842-4309</em></p> <p class="subpunct" align="center"><strong><em><a href="/index.php/nbha">www.notulaebotanicae.ro</a></em></strong></p> en-US <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>License:</strong></p> <div style="text-align: justify;">© Articles by the authors; licensee UASVM and SHST, Cluj-Napoca, Romania. Papers published in the journal <strong>Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca </strong>are open access distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses).</div> <div> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong><img src="/public/site/images/silviu_mic/1.png"><img src="/public/site/images/silviu_mic/cc.logo_.large_1.png"></strong></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Open Access Journal:</strong></p> <p style="text-align: justify;">The journal allows the author(s) to retain publishing rights without restriction. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><img src="/public/site/images/silviu_mic/open-access-vector-logo.png"></p> </div> rsestras@notulae.ro (Radu E. SESTRAS) editor2@notulae.ro (Silviu L. MIC) Wed, 10 Apr 2019 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 3.1.2.0 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Ecology, Cultivation and Utilization of the Aromatic Greek Oregano (Origanum vulgare L.): A Review https://notulaebotanicae.ro/index.php/nbha/article/view/11296 <p style="text-align: justify;">Medicinal and aromatic plants represent a stable part of the natural biodiversity legacy of many countries in the world. The present review focuses on oregano (<em>Origanum vulgare</em> L.; family Lamiaceae), an endemic herb in Greece that constitutes one of the best known aromatic and medicinal plants originating in the Mediterranean region. In particular, oregano is an evergreen, rich in natural compounds perennial plant that received increased attention in the last years for a wide range of uses. Oregano dry leaves and inflorescences in mixture are used as human and animal food that is extremely rich in antioxidative properties. Additionally, its essential oil is rich in carvacrol, thymol, c-terpinene and p-cymene, and is used for a number of medicinal purposes, e.g. for inhibiting microbial and fungal toxin production as well as for the well-known anti-inflammatory, analgesic, antiarthritic, antiallergic, anticarcinogenic, antidiabetic, cardioprotective, gastroprotective, hepatoprotective, and neuroprotective properties. Due to its perfect quality and high essential oil concentration, Greek oregano (<em>O. vulgare</em> ssp. <em>hirtum</em>) is regarded among the best in the world gaining in popularity in the global markets for food industry applications. Consequently, oregano might be considered as an important low-input, environmental friendly commodity for extensive cultivation in Greece. The present review summarizes on the origin, the morphology, the ecology and the utilization of this plant. Despite the extensive literature available on the use of oregano biomass and essential oil, only few reports exist concerning the cultivation of this plant. Therefore, the present review is additionally focused on the cultivation practices and the importance of cultivation and utilization of <em>Origanum vulgare</em> L. in Greece and generally in the Mediterranean region in the near future, as it constitutes a plant species with high medical, economic and environmental value.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong><span style="color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.87); font-family: 'Noto Serif', -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, 'Segoe UI', Roboto, Oxygen-Sans, Ubuntu, Cantarell, 'Helvetica Neue', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; letter-spacing: normal; text-align: start; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; background-color: #ffffff; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial; display: inline !important; float: none;">*********</span></strong></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong style="box-sizing: border-box; font-weight: bolder; color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.87); font-family: 'Noto Serif', -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, 'Segoe UI', Roboto, Oxygen-Sans, Ubuntu, Cantarell, 'Helvetica Neue', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; letter-spacing: normal; orphans: 2; text-align: start; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 2; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; background-color: #ffffff; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">In press - Online First</strong><span style="color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.87); font-family: 'Noto Serif', -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, 'Segoe UI', Roboto, Oxygen-Sans, Ubuntu, Cantarell, 'Helvetica Neue', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; orphans: 2; text-align: start; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 2; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; background-color: #ffffff; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial; display: inline !important; float: none;">. Article has been peer reviewed, accepted for publication and published online without pagination. It will receive pagination when the issue will be ready for publishing as a complete number (</span><strong style="box-sizing: border-box; font-weight: bolder; color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.87); font-family: 'Noto Serif', -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, 'Segoe UI', Roboto, Oxygen-Sans, Ubuntu, Cantarell, 'Helvetica Neue', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; letter-spacing: normal; orphans: 2; text-align: start; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 2; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; background-color: #ffffff; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">Volume 47, Issue 3, 2019</strong><span style="color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.87); font-family: 'Noto Serif', -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, 'Segoe UI', Roboto, Oxygen-Sans, Ubuntu, Cantarell, 'Helvetica Neue', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; text-align: start; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; background-color: #ffffff; display: inline !important; float: none;">). The article is searchable and citable by Digital Object Identifier (DOI). <span style="text-decoration: underline;">DOI link will become active after the article will be included in the complete issue.</span></span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong><span style="color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.87); font-family: 'Noto Serif', -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, 'Segoe UI', Roboto, Oxygen-Sans, Ubuntu, Cantarell, 'Helvetica Neue', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; letter-spacing: normal; text-align: start; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; background-color: #ffffff; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial; display: inline !important; float: none;">*********</span></strong></p> Elpiniki SKOUFOGIANNI, Alexandra D. SOLOMOU, Nicholaos G. DANALATOS Copyright (c) https://notulaebotanicae.ro/index.php/nbha/article/view/11296 Wed, 10 Apr 2019 00:00:00 +0000 Some Biochemical Characteristics of Fruit Samples of Sambucus nigra Genotypes from Northeastern Turkey https://notulaebotanicae.ro/index.php/nbha/article/view/11489 <p style="text-align: justify;">There are numerous wild edible fruit species in the world and they are important components of dietary utilization, local pharmacopoeia, cultural and religious practices of indigenous people. In this study, some important berry characteristics of seven seed propagated black elderberry (<em>Sambucus nigra)</em> genotypes sampled from Rize province, Turkey, were assessed. The genotypes exhibited a great diversity on most of the biochemical characteristics. Berries of genotypes showed moderate Vitamin C content ranged from 26 to 38 mg per 100 g fresh weight. Total phenolic and total anthocyanin content in fruits of the <em>S. nigra </em>genotypes has also high value ranged from 360 to 447 mg gallic acid equivalent (GAE) per 100 g fresh weight and 307 to 412 mg cyanidin-3-glucoside equivalent per 100 g fresh berry, respectively. Antioxidant activity was found between 5.28 and 7.11 mmol trolox equivalent per 100 g fresh weight basis. Citric acid and fructose determined as major organic acid and sugar for all genotypes. For its high vitamin C, total anthocyanin and total phenolic content and high antioxidant activity of fruits of wild grown <em>S. nigra</em> may have provide many health benefits and can be domesticated to establish orchards in Turkey.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong><span style="color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.87); font-family: 'Noto Serif', -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, 'Segoe UI', Roboto, Oxygen-Sans, Ubuntu, Cantarell, 'Helvetica Neue', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; letter-spacing: normal; text-align: start; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; background-color: #ffffff; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial; display: inline !important; float: none;">*********</span></strong></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong style="box-sizing: border-box; font-weight: bolder; color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.87); font-family: 'Noto Serif', -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, 'Segoe UI', Roboto, Oxygen-Sans, Ubuntu, Cantarell, 'Helvetica Neue', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; letter-spacing: normal; orphans: 2; text-align: start; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 2; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; background-color: #ffffff; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">In press - Online First</strong><span style="color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.87); font-family: 'Noto Serif', -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, 'Segoe UI', Roboto, Oxygen-Sans, Ubuntu, Cantarell, 'Helvetica Neue', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; orphans: 2; text-align: start; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 2; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; background-color: #ffffff; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial; display: inline !important; float: none;">. Article has been peer reviewed, accepted for publication and published online without pagination. It will receive pagination when the issue will be ready for publishing as a complete number (</span><strong style="box-sizing: border-box; font-weight: bolder; color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.87); font-family: 'Noto Serif', -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, 'Segoe UI', Roboto, Oxygen-Sans, Ubuntu, Cantarell, 'Helvetica Neue', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; letter-spacing: normal; orphans: 2; text-align: start; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 2; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; background-color: #ffffff; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">Volume 47, Issue 3, 2019</strong><span style="color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.87); font-family: 'Noto Serif', -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, 'Segoe UI', Roboto, Oxygen-Sans, Ubuntu, Cantarell, 'Helvetica Neue', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; text-align: start; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; background-color: #ffffff; display: inline !important; float: none;">). The article is searchable and citable by Digital Object Identifier (DOI). <span style="text-decoration: underline;">DOI link will become active after the article will be included in the complete issue</span>.</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong><span style="color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.87); font-family: 'Noto Serif', -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, 'Segoe UI', Roboto, Oxygen-Sans, Ubuntu, Cantarell, 'Helvetica Neue', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; letter-spacing: normal; text-align: start; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; background-color: #ffffff; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial; display: inline !important; float: none;">*********</span></strong></p> Tuncay KAN Copyright (c) 2019 Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca https://notulaebotanicae.ro/index.php/nbha/article/view/11489 Wed, 10 Apr 2019 00:00:00 +0000 Influence of Selected Antibiotics on the Tomato Regeneration in In Vitro Cultures https://notulaebotanicae.ro/index.php/nbha/article/view/11401 <p style="text-align: justify;">Generally, antimicrobial agents are frequently used in micropropagation techniques to obtain free elite clones or after genetic transformation to select putative transformants. Their successful application minimizes bacterial contamination however; they may be phytotoxic and may diversely affect the regeneration ability in plant tissue cultures. The objective of the current study was to estimate the effects of four antibiotics i.e. ampicillin, carbenicillin, cefotaxime and kanamycin on morphogenesis of three Polish tomato cultivars, cultured on MS medium with phytohormones. In this experiment the ability of tomato cotyledon explants to regenerate entire plants via indirect organogenesis was tested. Among four antibiotics tested, kanamycin was most harmful for the explants. This antibiotic, even at low doses (10-20 mg/L), inhibited tomato morphogenesis. On the other hand, the current study revealed significant influence of different concentrations of ampicillin, carbenicillin, cefotaxime on the frequency of bud formation. While the addition of cefotaxime at low concentration (100-200 mg/L) stimulated the bud formation, its increasing concentration adversely affected the organogenesis of tomato. The results clearly pointed out that carbenicillin and ampicillin at low concentrations (100-400 mg/L) were not only non-toxic, but they promoted bud regeneration. The obtained results show the crucial role not only of use of efficient antibiotics, but also of their proper doses in obtaining successful transformation and regeneration of tomato.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong><span style="color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.87); font-family: 'Noto Serif', -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, 'Segoe UI', Roboto, Oxygen-Sans, Ubuntu, Cantarell, 'Helvetica Neue', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; letter-spacing: normal; text-align: start; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; background-color: #ffffff; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial; display: inline !important; float: none;">*********</span></strong></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong style="box-sizing: border-box; font-weight: bolder; color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.87); font-family: 'Noto Serif', -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, 'Segoe UI', Roboto, Oxygen-Sans, Ubuntu, Cantarell, 'Helvetica Neue', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; letter-spacing: normal; orphans: 2; text-align: start; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 2; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; background-color: #ffffff; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">In press - Online First</strong><span style="color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.87); font-family: 'Noto Serif', -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, 'Segoe UI', Roboto, Oxygen-Sans, Ubuntu, Cantarell, 'Helvetica Neue', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; orphans: 2; text-align: start; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 2; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; background-color: #ffffff; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial; display: inline !important; float: none;">. Article has been peer reviewed, accepted for publication and published online without pagination. It will receive pagination when the issue will be ready for publishing as a complete number (</span><strong style="box-sizing: border-box; font-weight: bolder; color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.87); font-family: 'Noto Serif', -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, 'Segoe UI', Roboto, Oxygen-Sans, Ubuntu, Cantarell, 'Helvetica Neue', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; letter-spacing: normal; orphans: 2; text-align: start; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 2; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; background-color: #ffffff; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">Volume 47, Issue 3, 2019</strong><span style="color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.87); font-family: 'Noto Serif', -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, 'Segoe UI', Roboto, Oxygen-Sans, Ubuntu, Cantarell, 'Helvetica Neue', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; text-align: start; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; background-color: #ffffff; display: inline !important; float: none;">). The article is searchable and citable by Digital Object Identifier (DOI). <span style="text-decoration: underline;">DOI link will become active after the article will be included in the complete issue</span>.</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong><span style="color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.87); font-family: 'Noto Serif', -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, 'Segoe UI', Roboto, Oxygen-Sans, Ubuntu, Cantarell, 'Helvetica Neue', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; letter-spacing: normal; text-align: start; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; background-color: #ffffff; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial; display: inline !important; float: none;">*********</span></strong></p> Aneta GERSZBERG, Izabela GRZEGORCZYK-KAROLAK Copyright (c) https://notulaebotanicae.ro/index.php/nbha/article/view/11401 Wed, 10 Apr 2019 00:00:00 +0000 Phytochemical and Antioxidant Properties of Fresh Fruits and Some Traditional Products of Wild Grown Raspberry (Rubus idaeus L.) https://notulaebotanicae.ro/index.php/nbha/article/view/11465 <p style="text-align: justify;">The current study investigated and compared phytochemical and antioxidant activity of fresh fruit and some traditional products of <em>Rubus idaeus</em> grown in mountain region of Serbia. The total organic acid, total sugar content, total phenolics, flavonoids, tannins, anthocyanins and vitamin C were evaluated. The antioxidant activities were evaluated using two antioxidant systems 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) and 2,2′-azinobis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) (ABTS). The fresh fruit contained highest amount of vitamin C (46.62 mg AA g<sup>-1</sup>) and total organic acids (882.22 mg CA g<sup>-1</sup>). The sweet preserve had highest content of total phenolics (200.83 mg GA g<sup>-1</sup>), flavonoids (12.85 mg RU g<sup>-1</sup>) and tannins (39.11 mg g<sup>-1</sup>). The juice had the highest total anthocyanin content (107.22 µg mL<sup>-1</sup>) and total sugar content (25 °Brix). The best antioxidant activity in ABTS assay had juice (IC<sub>50 </sub>= 4.87 µmol TE g<sup>-1</sup>), followed by sweet preserve (IC<sub>50 </sub>= 5.14 µmol TE &nbsp;g<sup>-1</sup>), almost identical to standard gallic acid. In the DPPH free radical scavenging assay, sweet fruit preserve showed significant better antioxidant activity (IC<sub>50</sub> = 41.27 µg mL<sup>-1</sup>) compared to juice (IC<sub>50</sub> = 106.07 µg mL<sup>-1</sup>) and fresh fruit (IC<sub>50</sub> = 294.79 µg mL<sup>-1</sup>). Our results indicated promising perspectives for usage of <em>R. idaeus</em> fresh fruits and traditional products studied with considerable levels of vitamin C, bioactive compounds and antioxidant activity.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>*********</strong></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>In press - Online First</strong>. Article has been peer reviewed, accepted for publication and published online without pagination. It will receive pagination when the issue will be ready for publishing as a complete number (<strong>Volume 47, Issue 3, 2019</strong>). The article is searchable and citable by Digital Object Identifier (DOI). <span style="text-decoration: underline;">DOI link will become active after the article will be included in the complete issue</span>.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>*********</strong></p> Bojana VELJKOVIĆ, Violeta JAKOVLJEVIĆ, Milan STANKOVIĆ, Zora DAJIĆ-STEVANOVIĆ Copyright (c) https://notulaebotanicae.ro/index.php/nbha/article/view/11465 Wed, 10 Apr 2019 00:00:00 +0000 Non-Destructive Leaf Area Estimation Model for Overall Growth Performances in Relation to Yield Attributes of Cassava (Manihot esculenta Cranz) under Water Deficit Conditions https://notulaebotanicae.ro/index.php/nbha/article/view/11487 <p style="text-align: justify;">Cassava is a tropical storage root crop, a source of carbohydrate and alternative energy. It has been classified as “drought tolerant plant” for the whole life cycle, except during the root initiation stage (120-150 DAP). Leaf area index (LAI) is one of the most parameters representing the overall growth and yield prediction in cassava. The aim of this investigation was to validate the physiological and growth performance of cassava in responses to water deficit stress in the field trial as well as to investigate the leaf area index as an important factor to cassava growth and storage root bulking. Leaf relative water content in cassava declined significantly upon a long period of water withholding, and regulated non-photochemical quenching (NPQ), leading to chlorophyll degradation, reduced number of leaves and limited leaf area index (LAI) and loss of storage root yield when compared with well-irrigated plants. Non-destructive leaf area estimation model under water deficit stress condition using spectral reflectance to determine the LAI and VIs was validated. The Ratio Vegetation Index (RVI) was suitable model with high coefficient of determination (R<sup>2</sup> = 0.89). However, the RVI as LAI at 150 DAP (120 d water withholding) could be considered as the critical point to indicate cassava growth and yield performance. Based on the results, cassava growth, biomass and yield in the different environments may further be investigated, taking into consideration the genotypic variation and using remote sensing technology for rapid monitoring and accurate and cost-effective data assessment.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; line-height: 25px; margin: 20px 0px; color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.87); font-family: 'Noto Serif', -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, 'Segoe UI', Roboto, Oxygen-Sans, Ubuntu, Cantarell, 'Helvetica Neue', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; orphans: 2; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 2; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; background-color: #ffffff; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial; text-align: justify;"><strong><span style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.87); font-family: 'Noto Serif', -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, 'Segoe UI', Roboto, Oxygen-Sans, Ubuntu, Cantarell, 'Helvetica Neue', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; letter-spacing: normal; text-align: start; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; background-color: #ffffff; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial; float: none; display: inline !important;">*********</span></strong></p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; line-height: 25px; margin: 20px 0px; color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.87); font-family: 'Noto Serif', -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, 'Segoe UI', Roboto, Oxygen-Sans, Ubuntu, Cantarell, 'Helvetica Neue', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; orphans: 2; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 2; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; background-color: #ffffff; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial; text-align: justify;"><strong style="box-sizing: border-box; font-weight: bolder; color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.87); font-family: 'Noto Serif', -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, 'Segoe UI', Roboto, Oxygen-Sans, Ubuntu, Cantarell, 'Helvetica Neue', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; letter-spacing: normal; orphans: 2; text-align: start; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 2; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; background-color: #ffffff; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">In press - Online First</strong><span style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.87); font-family: 'Noto Serif', -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, 'Segoe UI', Roboto, Oxygen-Sans, Ubuntu, Cantarell, 'Helvetica Neue', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; orphans: 2; text-align: start; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 2; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; background-color: #ffffff; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial; float: none; display: inline !important;">. Article has been peer reviewed, accepted for publication and published online without pagination. It will receive pagination when the issue will be ready for publishing as a complete number (</span><strong style="box-sizing: border-box; font-weight: bolder; color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.87); font-family: 'Noto Serif', -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, 'Segoe UI', Roboto, Oxygen-Sans, Ubuntu, Cantarell, 'Helvetica Neue', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; letter-spacing: normal; orphans: 2; text-align: start; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 2; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; background-color: #ffffff; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">Volume 47, Issue 3, 2019</strong><span style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.87); font-family: 'Noto Serif', -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, 'Segoe UI', Roboto, Oxygen-Sans, Ubuntu, Cantarell, 'Helvetica Neue', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; text-align: start; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; background-color: #ffffff; float: none; display: inline !important;">). The article is searchable and citable by Digital Object Identifier (DOI). <span style="text-decoration: underline;">DOI link will become active after the article will be included in the complete issue</span>.</span></p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; line-height: 25px; margin: 20px 0px 0px; color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.87); font-family: 'Noto Serif', -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, 'Segoe UI', Roboto, Oxygen-Sans, Ubuntu, Cantarell, 'Helvetica Neue', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; orphans: 2; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 2; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; background-color: #ffffff; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial; text-align: justify;"><strong><span style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.87); font-family: 'Noto Serif', -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, 'Segoe UI', Roboto, Oxygen-Sans, Ubuntu, Cantarell, 'Helvetica Neue', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; letter-spacing: normal; text-align: start; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; background-color: #ffffff; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial; float: none; display: inline !important;">*********</span></strong></p> Piyanan PIPATSITEE, Apisit EIUMNOH, Patchara PRASEARTKUL, Navavit PONGANAN, Kanyarat TAOTA, Sumaid KONGPUGDEE, Kampol SAKULLEERUNGROJ, Suriyan CHA-UM Copyright (c) https://notulaebotanicae.ro/index.php/nbha/article/view/11487 Wed, 10 Apr 2019 00:00:00 +0000 The Productive Capacity and Quality of Several Walnut Cultivars (Juglans regia L.) Grown in North Oltenia, Romania https://notulaebotanicae.ro/index.php/nbha/article/view/11475 <p style="text-align: justify;">Romania has tradition in walnut culture and favorable climatic conditions. In order to establish the suitable cultivars for growing into the Northern Oltenia area several walnut cultivars of different origin were evaluated for productivity and fruits quality. Twelve Romanian cultivars and two foreign ones with terminal bearing and 10 cultivars with lateral bearing from France and U.S.A. were studied during 18 years of yielding with no irrigation. The group of lateral bearing cultivars proved to be more productive in the environmental conditions of the study area, the highest average yields were recorded for ‘Vina’ (3.64 t ha<sup>-1</sup>), ‘Hartley’ (3.59 t ha<sup>-1</sup>), ‘Ferjean’ (3.52 t ha<sup>-1</sup>), ‘Payne’ (3.45 t ha<sup>-1</sup>), ‘Pedro’ (3.39 t ha<sup>-1</sup>), etc. The most productive terminal bearing cultivars were: ‘Jupânești’ (2.88 t ha<sup>-1</sup>), ‘Valcor’ (2.77 t ha<sup>-1</sup>), ‘Franquette’ (2.71 t ha<sup>-1</sup>), ‘Valcris’ (2.62 t ha<sup>-1</sup>), etc. Although the lateral bearing cultivars emphasized good yields, their extensive culture into the areas with continental type of climatic conditions should be further analysed. The walnut kernel and oil content show that the cultivars are very similar regarding chemical composition when growing under same conditions in Northern Oltenia.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>*********</strong></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>In press - Online First</strong>. Article has been peer reviewed, accepted for publication and published online without pagination. It will receive pagination when the issue will be ready for publishing as a complete number (<strong>Volume 47, Issue 3, 2019</strong>). The article is searchable and citable by Digital Object Identifier (DOI). <span style="text-decoration: underline;">DOI link will become active after the article will be included in the complete issue</span>.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>*********<br></strong></p> Mihai BOTU, Yazan F.J. ALABEDALLAT, Felicia BUCURA, Elisabeta Irina GEANA, Marius VLADU Copyright (c) https://notulaebotanicae.ro/index.php/nbha/article/view/11475 Wed, 10 Apr 2019 11:53:28 +0000 Priming with Vitamin U Enhances Cold Tolerance of Lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) https://notulaebotanicae.ro/index.php/nbha/article/view/11433 <p style="text-align: justify;">Priming may be an efficient pre-treatment of plants in order to enhance their ability to cope with unfavourable growth conditions, and to improve defensive metabolism through elevated levels of protective substances which may also act as health-promoting agents upon human consumption. The aim of this work was to evaluate the beneficial influence of priming with the naturally occurring, but scarcely known vitamin U (S-methylmethionine) on cold stress tolerance of lettuce (the frequently grown ‘May King’ cultivar). Effects on germination, photosynthetic efficiency, as well as on health-promoting carotenoid and vitamin C contents were investigated. Photosynthetic capacity, strongly related to productivity, was evaluated with parameters of induced chlorophyll fluorescence and of leaf gas exchange through stomata, using plants grown in hydroponic cultures. Priming with vitamin U significantly compensated for the delaying effect of low temperature (5 °C) on seed germination, as well as for inhibition of light-converting photochemical reactions and of carbon dioxide assimilation by cold stress. Use of vitamin U to prime lettuce plantlets for low temperature stress resulted in an elevated content of carotenoid pigments and of vitamin C in leaves, which improve the quality of consumed lettuce with respect to the health-promoting capacity. This beneficial influence of vitamin U was not proportional with its concentration (2 mM had no stronger effects than 0.25 mM), so small amounts of this substance were sufficient for a sustained efficiency in promoting hardening against chilling temperatures. This is the first report on priming of lettuce for cold tolerance by using S-methylmethionine (vitamin U), with a possible application in improvement of crop quality and productivity.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>*********</strong></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>In press - Online First</strong>. Article has been peer reviewed, accepted for publication and published online without pagination. It will receive pagination when the issue will be ready for publishing as a complete number (<strong>Volume 47, Issue 3, 2019</strong>). The article is searchable and citable by Digital Object Identifier (DOI). <span style="text-decoration: underline;">DOI link will become active after the article will be included in the complete issue</span>.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>*********</strong></p> Laszlo FODORPATAKI, Katalin MOLNAR, Bernat TOMPA, Sebastian R. C. PLUGARU Copyright (c) https://notulaebotanicae.ro/index.php/nbha/article/view/11433 Wed, 10 Apr 2019 12:17:48 +0000 Biochemical Characterisation and Sensory Evaluation of Differently Coloured and Shaped Tomato Cultivars https://notulaebotanicae.ro/index.php/nbha/article/view/11382 <p style="text-align: justify;">Antioxidant capacity, total phenolic content, colour, sugar, volatiles, ascorbic acid and carotenoid (β-carotene and lycopene) contents of differently coloured and shaped tomato cultivars (cvs) grown in the Eastern Mediterranean region, Turkey were determined, along with a sensory evaluation. Tomato cultivars of two different types (cherry and beefsteak) and four different colours (red, yellow, orange and brown) were analysed. All plants were simultaneously grown in the same field and subjected to identical horticultural practices to minimise the effects of environmental conditions and to maximise those related to genotype. The red cherry cultivar had the highest lycopene content, while the orange beefsteak cultivar had the highest β-carotene content. The highest antioxidant capacity, total phenolic content and hardness scores were found in cherry-type tomatoes, except the yellow one. The red cherry cultivar had the highest sugar content. Red and brown cherry cultivars were also significant in terms of their high carotenoid and sugar contents, along with a high antioxidant activity. The brown cherry cultivar had the highest total phenol content. The highest quantities of 2-hexenal, 3-hexen-1-ol, and 6-methyl-5-hepten-2-one were detected in red cultivars. The brown cherry cultivar had the highest sweetness, typical aroma and hardness scores, while the yellow beefsteak cultivars the lowest sweetness typical aroma scores. In terms of sensory parameters, red and brown cultivars scored higher than yellow and orange ones.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>*********</strong></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>In press - Online First</strong>. Article has been peer reviewed, accepted for publication and published online without pagination. It will receive pagination when the issue will be ready for publishing as a complete number (<strong>Volume 47, Issue 3, 2019</strong>). The article is searchable and citable by Digital Object Identifier (DOI). <span style="text-decoration: underline;">DOI link will become active after the article will be included in the complete issue</span>.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>*********</strong></p> Aylin Celile OLUK, Atilla ATA, Mustafa ÜNLÜ, Ebru YAZICI, Zafer KARAŞAHİN, Evren Çağlar EROĞLU, İhsan CANAN Copyright (c) https://notulaebotanicae.ro/index.php/nbha/article/view/11382 Wed, 10 Apr 2019 12:34:31 +0000 Arbuscular Mycorrhiza Improves Leaf Food Quality of Tea Plants https://notulaebotanicae.ro/index.php/nbha/article/view/11434 <p style="text-align: justify;">Tea (<em>Camellia sinensis</em>) plants inhabit arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) in rhizosphere, whereas it is not clear whether AMF improves leaf food quality of tea plants. A potted study was conducted to determine effects of <em>Claroideoglomus etunicatum,</em> <em>Diversispora</em> <em>spurca</em>, <em>D</em>. <em>versiformis </em>and a mixture of the three AMF species on leaf sugar, amino acid, soluble protein, tea polyphenol, catechuic acid, and flavonoid contents of <em>Camellia sinensis</em> ‘Fuding Dabaicha’ seedlings. After 12 weeks of AMF inoculation, mycorrhizal plants recorded significantly higher shoot biomass and total leaf area, whilst the effect was ranked as <em>C</em>.<em> etunicatum</em> &gt; <em>D</em>. <em>spurca </em>&gt; mixed-AMF &gt; <em>D</em>. <em>versiformis</em> in the decreasing order. AMF treatments significantly increased leaf total amino acid concentrations, accompanied with up-regulation of amino acid synthetic enzymes genes glutamine synthetase (<em>CsGS</em>), glutamate synthase (<em>CsGOGAT</em>) and glutamate dehydrogenase (<em>CsGDH</em>). Leaf glucose, sucrose, total soluble protein, tea polyphenol, catechuic acid, and flavonoid contents were significantly higher in AMF- than in non-AMF-inoculated plants. In addition, mycorrhizal inoculation notably up-regulated the expression level of leaf 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme gene (<em>CsHMGR</em>)<em>, </em>ascorbate peroxidase gene (<em>CsAPX</em>), and tea caffeine synthase 1 gene (<em>CsTCS1</em>). These results implied that AMF inoculation had positive effects on leaf food quality partly by means of up-regulation of relevant gene expression in ‘Fuding Dabaicha’ seedlings.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>*********</strong></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>In press - Online First</strong>. Article has been peer reviewed, accepted for publication and published online without pagination. It will receive pagination when the issue will be ready for publishing as a complete number (<strong>Volume 47, Issue 3, 2019</strong>). The article is searchable and citable by Digital Object Identifier (DOI). <span style="text-decoration: underline;">DOI link will become active after the article will be included in the complete issue</span>.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>*********</strong></p> Ya-Dong SHAO, De-Jian ZHANG, Xian-Chun HU, Qiang-Sheng WU, Chang-Jun JIANG, Xiu-Bing GAO, Kamil KUČA Copyright (c) https://notulaebotanicae.ro/index.php/nbha/article/view/11434 Wed, 10 Apr 2019 12:49:06 +0000 Investigation of Mineral and Vitamin C Contents in Different Parts of Beetroots (Beta vulgaris L.) https://notulaebotanicae.ro/index.php/nbha/article/view/11394 <p style="text-align: justify;">Due to the increasing popularity of today’s health-conscious culture, beetroot plays an increasingly important role in a healthy, varied diet. While it contains vitamins B1, B2, B6, P, as well as high levels of vitamin C, several studies have proven its role in the prevention of many cancers. The aim of this study was to compare morphological properties, dry matter, and vitamin C and minerals contents in the different parts (peel, end, middle and top part of root) of the three investigated beetroot cultivars grown in treated and untreated soil. Fertilizer was added to the treated soil before sowing of the beet seeds, while untreated soil was not treated. The vitamin C contents were measured using HPLC method, while determination of element contents was determined with IPC-OES. The study showed that the beetroots grow in the treated soil had improved morphological properties, but a significant difference was not found. For Vitamin C and element contents (Ca, Cu, Fe, K, Mg, Mn, Na, P, Zn), it was observed a high degree of diversity in the different beetroot parts and between the cultivation years. The aim of the study was to investigate the distribution of the examined parameters within the beetroot body in different beetroot cultivars observing the differences produced by the addition of fertilizer. Some elements were concentrated in the peel and top part such as Ca, Mn and Mg. The peel part of the beetroots contained relevantly higher Fe content than the top, middle and end part. Based on these results, significant differences were observed among the investigated beetroot cultivars regards of the body weight.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>*********</strong></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>In press - Online First</strong>. Article has been peer reviewed, accepted for publication and published online without pagination. It will receive pagination when the issue will be ready for publishing as a complete number (<strong>Volume 47, Issue 3, 2019</strong>). The article is searchable and citable by Digital Object Identifier (DOI). <span style="text-decoration: underline;">DOI link will become active after the article will be included in the complete issue</span>.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>*********</strong></p> Dóra SZÉKELY, Diána FURULYÁS, Mónika STÉGER-MÁTÉ Copyright (c) https://notulaebotanicae.ro/index.php/nbha/article/view/11394 Wed, 10 Apr 2019 12:56:03 +0000 Phytosociology, Distribution and Ecology of a Willow Community with False Tamarisk from the Lotru Valley (Romanian Carpathians) https://notulaebotanicae.ro/index.php/nbha/article/view/11400 <p style="text-align: justify;">The overall objective of this research was to contribute to a better knowledge of the phytosociology, ecology and distribution of the plant community formed by <em>Myricaria germanica</em> (false tamarisk) and the willow species <em>Salix purpurea.</em> This plant community has an important role in reducing the speed and strength of the water flow during floods. The description was based on cover‐abundance data for the faithful, dominant, characteristic and companion species of this plant community. A predominance of <em>Myricaria germanica</em> was observed when analysing the phytocoenoses, as the species finds in this area favourable ecological conditions for an abundant development.<em> Salix purpurea</em> presents a small abundance-dominance or in some phytocoenoses may even lack. The field research also revealed the excessive development of the species <em>Calamagrostis pseudophragmites</em> in some areas, related mostly with the effect of human activities. The anthropogenic disorders have induced modifications in the floristic physiognomy and compositions of the phytocoenoses, favouring also the invasion of opportunistic species such as <em>Ambrosia artemisiifolia</em>,<em> Impatiens glandulifera</em>,<em> Phytolacca amearicana</em>, <em>Amorpha fruticosa</em>,<em> Erigeron annuus</em>, which continuously extend in the studied territory. As <em>Myricaria germanica</em> and <em>Salix purpurea</em> phytocoenoses suffer a great decline throughout Europe, the habitat built by these species was declared of interest and was included in the Habitats Directive.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>*********</strong></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>In press - Online First</strong>. Article has been peer reviewed, accepted for publication and published online without pagination. It will receive pagination when the issue will be ready for publishing as a complete number (<strong>Volume 47, Issue 3, 2019</strong>). The article is searchable and citable by Digital Object Identifier (DOI). <span style="text-decoration: underline;">DOI link will become active after the article will be included in the complete issue</span>.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>*********</strong></p> Ilie Silvestru NUȚĂ, Mariana NICULESCU Copyright (c) https://notulaebotanicae.ro/index.php/nbha/article/view/11400 Wed, 10 Apr 2019 13:01:41 +0000 Optimization of the Solid-Liquid Extraction Process of Phenolic Compounds from Mulberry Fruit https://notulaebotanicae.ro/index.php/nbha/article/view/11419 <p style="text-align: justify;">The study was designed to examine the influence of solvent concentration (ethanol/water 20-80% by volume), extraction time (15-240 min) and extraction technique on the extraction yield of phenolic compounds, flavonoids and antioxidant activity from <em>Morus nigra</em> L., <em>Morus rubra</em> L. and <em>Morus alba</em> L. fruits. The optimum conditions for the extraction of total phenols, flavonoids and monomeric anthocyanins by the maceration and ultrasonic extraction processes were: 213.6 min with 80% ethanol, and 182.1 min and 71.2% ethanol, respectively (black mulberry), and 216.5 min with 78.3% ethanol and 198.7 min and 70.6% ethanol, respectively (red mulberry). In case of white mulberry for the extraction of total phenols and flavonoids optimum extraction conditions (maceration and ultrasonic) were 232.7 min and 80% ethanol, and 187.2 min and 68.7% ethanol, respectively (white mulberry). Obviously, ultrasonic extraction was less time consuming, and it requires for all performed extractions solvent with less percentage of ethanol.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>*********</strong></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>In press - Online First</strong>. Article has been peer reviewed, accepted for publication and published online without pagination. It will receive pagination when the issue will be ready for publishing as a complete number (<strong>Volume 47, Issue 3, 2019</strong>). The article is searchable and citable by Digital Object Identifier (DOI). <span style="text-decoration: underline;">DOI link will become active after the article will be included in the complete issue</span>.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>*********</strong></p> Emilija KOSTIĆ, Biljana ARSIĆ, Milan MITIĆ, Danica DIMITRIJEVIĆ, Emilija PECEV MARINKOVIC Copyright (c) https://notulaebotanicae.ro/index.php/nbha/article/view/11419 Wed, 10 Apr 2019 13:10:14 +0000 Antioxidant Properties and Anti-inflammatory Effects of the Hydroethanolic Extracts of Two Varieties of Bayberry fruit (Myrica rubra Sieb et Zucc.) Prepared by Stirring and Ultrasonic Methods https://notulaebotanicae.ro/index.php/nbha/article/view/11420 <p style="text-align: justify;">Chinese bayberry (<em>Myrica rubra </em>Sieb. et Zucc.) is an economically important medicinal plant with multiple uses. Two varieties ‘Dongkui Oriental Pearl’ (Dongkui for short) and <em>acuminata</em> ‘Nakai’ (Nakai for short) were used to compare and evaluate the antioxidant activities of hydroethanolic extracts of the fruit using ultrasonic and stirring extraction methods. Dongkui bayberry fruit extract (BFE) prepared using the ultrasonic method exhibited a significantly higher value for the total phenolic content (TPC) and had lower 50% inhibitory concentration (IC<sub>50</sub>) values of scavenging activities against 1,1-diphenyl-2- picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), 2,2'-azino-bis (3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulphonic acid (ABTS), and hydrogen peroxide (H<sub>2</sub>O<sub>2</sub>), as well as reducing power compared to the other treatment. The TPC of the BFE was significantly correlated with its DPPH, ABTS, and H<sub>2</sub>O<sub>2</sub> radical-scavenging and reducing power activities. Dongkui BFE at a concentration of 0.25 mg/mL exhibited significantly greater protection of RAW 264.7 mouse macrophages against H<sub>2</sub>O<sub>2</sub>-induced damage and lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated nitric oxide production by macrophages, and it displayed remarkable inhibitory effects compared to the other extracts using the ultrasonic extraction method. Furthermore, compared to the Nakai BFE, macrophages exposed to the Dongkui BFE by the ultrasonic extraction method significantly inhibited LPS-induced production of tumor necrosis factor-α at a concentration of the extract of 0.25 mg/mL. The antioxidant properties and anti-inflammatory and protective effects of BFE prepared by stirring and ultrasonic methods are discussed for the first time in this study.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>*********</strong></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>In press - Online First</strong>. Article has been peer reviewed, accepted for publication and published online without pagination. It will receive pagination when the issue will be ready for publishing as a complete number (<strong>Volume 47, Issue 3, 2019</strong>). The article is searchable and citable by Digital Object Identifier (DOI). <span style="text-decoration: underline;">DOI link will become active after the article will be included in the complete issue</span>.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>*********</strong></p> Kuan-Hung LIN, Chun-Ping LU, Jia-Wei CHAO, Yi-Ping YU Copyright (c) https://notulaebotanicae.ro/index.php/nbha/article/view/11420 Wed, 10 Apr 2019 13:19:44 +0000 Tyrosinase Inhibitory and Antioxidant Activity of Wild Prunus spinosa L. Fruit Extracts as Natural Source of Bioactive Compounds https://notulaebotanicae.ro/index.php/nbha/article/view/11425 <p style="text-align: justify;">In recent years, naturally derived tyrosinase inhibitors and antioxidants have become very important, since the synthetic ones are related with several side effects. As wild fruits are rich source of bioactive compounds, this study focused on the examination of <em>Prunus spinosa </em>L. (blackthorn) fruit extracts, widely distributed in our country. However, blackthorn extracts are not enough investigated, and there are only a few published works. Extraction efficiency of <em>P. spinosa</em> ultrasonic fruit extracts obtained by using different solvents (methanol, 70% (v/v) ethanol, 45% (w/w) propylene glycol and water) was evaluated, regarding polyphenolic profile, tyrosinase inhibitory and antioxidant activity. Results suggested that extracts with 45% propylene glycol and water were particularly rich in polyphenolic compounds (especially phenols, flavonoids and anthocyanins). The highest extraction yield was for 45% propylene glycol extract. This extract showed higher tyrosinase inhibitory and antioxidant activity compared to others, while the methanolic extracts had the highest chelating capacity. Therefore, <em>P. spinosa</em> fruit extracts, especially extracts obtained by ultrasonic extraction with 45% propylene glycol, have a great potential to be incorporated in some pharmaceutical formulations for obtaining tyrosinase inhibitory and antioxidant effects.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>*********</strong></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>In press - Online First</strong>. Article has been peer reviewed, accepted for publication and published online without pagination. It will receive pagination when the issue will be ready for publishing as a complete number (<strong>Volume 47, Issue 3, 2019</strong>). The article is searchable and citable by Digital Object Identifier (DOI). <span style="text-decoration: underline;">DOI link will become active after the article will be included in the complete issue</span>.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>*********</strong></p> Milica I. STANKOVIĆ, Vesna Lj. SAVIĆ, Jelena V. ŽIVKOVIĆ, Vanja M. TADIĆ, Ivana A. ARSIĆ Copyright (c) https://notulaebotanicae.ro/index.php/nbha/article/view/11425 Wed, 10 Apr 2019 13:26:52 +0000 Physiological Responses and Tolerance Evaluation of Five Poplar Varieties to Waterlogging https://notulaebotanicae.ro/index.php/nbha/article/view/11440 <p style="text-align: justify;">Waterlogging resistance of five poplar varieties, ‘Danhongyang’ (DHY), ‘Juba-261’ (JB-261), ‘Zongqiansanhao’ (ZQ-3), ‘Zhonglin-2025’ (ZL-2025), and ‘Nanlin-895’ (NL-895), was evaluated under the simulated waterlogging conditions. Data on changes in leaf color and morphology as well as in biochemical indices, such as chlorophyll, malonaldehyde, soluble protein, soluble sugar content, superoxide dismutase (SOD), peroxidases (POD), ascorbate peroxidase (APX), glutathione reductase (GR), and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-PX) activities, relevant to submergence stress, were analyzed. The principal component analysis of the data identified the waterlogging resistance coefficient of the indices, which showed that waterflooding brought about different degrees of damage in the five poplar varieties, with DHY having the lowest waterlogging index. The leaf pigment content of the poplar was remarkably decreased by waterlogging, whereas malondialdehyde (MDA) and proline contents were enhanced, but in different extents among the poplar varieties. Nearly all other poplar varieties showed a tendency of decline in JB-261, ZQ-3, ZL-2025, NL-895, except for SOD activity in DHY, which increased under submergence stress. Poplar varieties had varying degree of changes in POD activity, and APX activity tended to increase upon waterlogging. GR also displayed increasing tendency in JB-261, ZL-2025 and NL-895, except for in ZQ-3, which declined under waterlogging stress. GSH-PX except for ZQ-3 displayed no significant change, which showed a tendency of decline in DHY, JB-261, ZL-2025, and NL895. Principal component analysis allowed us to reduce16 indices to four independent indices. The subordinate function analysis identified that the DHY variety had the highest waterlogging tolerance, whereas the NL-895 variety had the lowest waterlogging tolerance among tested varieties.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>*********</strong></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>In press - Online First</strong>. Article has been peer reviewed, accepted for publication and published online without pagination. It will receive pagination when the issue will be ready for publishing as a complete number (<strong>Volume 47, Issue 3, 2019</strong>). The article is searchable and citable by Digital Object Identifier (DOI). <span style="text-decoration: underline;">DOI link will become active after the article will be included in the complete issue</span>.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>*********</strong></p> Zhongcheng ZHOU, Gang LI, Xiaomei SUN, Feng XU, Zexiong CHEN Copyright (c) https://notulaebotanicae.ro/index.php/nbha/article/view/11440 Wed, 10 Apr 2019 13:33:45 +0000 Biocontrol of Pear Postharvest Decay by Kombucha https://notulaebotanicae.ro/index.php/nbha/article/view/11407 <p style="text-align: justify;">Kombucha is sweetened, slightly alcoholic, and lightly effervescent tea drink. Its acidity inhibits the growth of harmful bacteria. Here, we studied effect of kombucha on post-harvest preservation of pear. The Hosui pears were soaked with the kombucha for 15 minutes, and in distilled water as the control, respectively. Superoxide dismutase (SOD), peroxidase (POD), malondialdehyde (MDA), hydrogen peroxide (H<sub>2</sub>O<sub>2</sub>), proline content, electric conductivity, weight loss rate and good fruit rate in pear were measured during storage at room temperature. The results showed that the kombucha could effectively prolong the storage time of pear fruit. The fruit quality of the treated group was 1.5 times higher than that of the control pear fruit when stored at room temperature for 18 days. The weight loss rate, MDA content and electric conductivity of the treatment group were lower than those of the control group during the whole storage period, indicating that kombucha can inhibit the transformation of polysaccharides such as starch and pectin, and delay the degradation of nutrients in the fruit, resulting in a decrease in weight loss rate, inhibition of membrane lipid peroxidation, reducing MDA content, electric conductivity, maintaining cell membrane stability, delaying pear fruit senescence. Kombucha can inhibit the content of H<sub>2</sub>O<sub>2</sub> and proline, increase the activity of POD and SOD increase the storage stability of fruits. The purpose of this study was to elucidate the physiological mechanism of post-harvest preservation of pear by kombucha. The use of kombucha can prolong the supply period of pear, increase economic benefits and expand the market of pear.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; line-height: 25px; margin: 20px 0px; color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.87); font-family: 'Noto Serif', -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, 'Segoe UI', Roboto, Oxygen-Sans, Ubuntu, Cantarell, 'Helvetica Neue', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; text-align: justify; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; background-color: #ffffff; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;"><strong>*********</strong></p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; line-height: 25px; margin: 20px 0px; color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.87); font-family: 'Noto Serif', -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, 'Segoe UI', Roboto, Oxygen-Sans, Ubuntu, Cantarell, 'Helvetica Neue', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; text-align: justify; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; background-color: #ffffff;"><strong style="box-sizing: border-box; font-weight: bolder;">In press - Online First</strong>. Article has been peer reviewed, accepted for publication and published online without pagination. It will receive pagination when the issue will be ready for publishing as a complete number (<strong style="box-sizing: border-box; font-weight: bolder;">Volume 47, Issue 3, 2019</strong>). The article is searchable and citable by Digital Object Identifier (DOI). <span style="text-decoration: underline;">DOI link will become active after the article will be included in the complete issue</span>.</p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; line-height: 25px; margin: 20px 0px 0px; color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.87); font-family: 'Noto Serif', -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, 'Segoe UI', Roboto, Oxygen-Sans, Ubuntu, Cantarell, 'Helvetica Neue', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; text-align: justify; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; background-color: #ffffff; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;"><strong>*********</strong></p> Junping TAN, Xian ZHOU, Shuiyuan CHENG, Zexiong CHEN, Yuanyuan GOU, Jiabao YE, Feng XU Copyright (c) 2019 Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca https://notulaebotanicae.ro/index.php/nbha/article/view/11407 Wed, 17 Apr 2019 10:23:13 +0000 Cross Compatibility Analysis to Identify Suitable Parents of Tagetes erecta and T. patula for Heterotic Hybrid Breeding https://notulaebotanicae.ro/index.php/nbha/article/view/11388 <p style="text-align: justify;">Seven interspecific crosses of <em>Tagetes erecta</em> × <em>T. patula</em> were conducted in this study<strong>. </strong>The cross compatibility index, seed setting rate, germination rate, phenotype, ploidy level, heterosis over male parent and field performance were tested. The results showed that different cross compatibility indices of <em>Tagetes</em> vary greatly, from 10.44~114.41, which is far less than that of the intraspecific hybridization S-121 × I-506 index. The seed setting rate of each cross ranged from 15.67% to 49.0%, and the cross S-121 × TP-512 scored the highest seed setting rate, which was higher than that of the intraspecific cross S-121 × I-506 (35.85%). Compared with the male parent, F<sub>1</sub> has higher plant height, wider crown width, larger flower diameter and more ray florets and earlier bloom with two exceptions. The S-121 of <em>T. erecta</em> was diploid. All of the male parents of <em>T. patula </em>were tetraploids, and the combinations were triploids. The traits of plant height, plant width, flower size and number of ray florets showed positive heterosis over the male parents, and the days leading to flowering showed both positive and negative ones. Finally, S-121 × TP-379 and S-121 × TP-512 were selected as the two best combinations. This study confirmed that the two species of marigold could be crossed for better F<sub>1</sub> varieties with improved performance.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong><span style="color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.87); font-family: 'Noto Serif', -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, 'Segoe UI', Roboto, Oxygen-Sans, Ubuntu, Cantarell, 'Helvetica Neue', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; letter-spacing: normal; text-align: start; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; background-color: #ffffff; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial; display: inline !important; float: none;">*********</span></strong></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong style="box-sizing: border-box; font-weight: bolder; color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.87); font-family: 'Noto Serif', -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, 'Segoe UI', Roboto, Oxygen-Sans, Ubuntu, Cantarell, 'Helvetica Neue', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; letter-spacing: normal; orphans: 2; text-align: start; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 2; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; background-color: #ffffff; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">In press - Online First</strong><span style="color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.87); font-family: 'Noto Serif', -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, 'Segoe UI', Roboto, Oxygen-Sans, Ubuntu, Cantarell, 'Helvetica Neue', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; orphans: 2; text-align: start; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 2; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; background-color: #ffffff; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial; display: inline !important; float: none;">. Article has been peer reviewed, accepted for publication and published online without pagination. It will receive pagination when the issue will be ready for publishing as a complete number (</span><strong style="box-sizing: border-box; font-weight: bolder; color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.87); font-family: 'Noto Serif', -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, 'Segoe UI', Roboto, Oxygen-Sans, Ubuntu, Cantarell, 'Helvetica Neue', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; letter-spacing: normal; orphans: 2; text-align: start; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 2; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; background-color: #ffffff; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">Volume 47, Issue 3, 2019</strong><span style="color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.87); font-family: 'Noto Serif', -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, 'Segoe UI', Roboto, Oxygen-Sans, Ubuntu, Cantarell, 'Helvetica Neue', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; text-align: start; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; background-color: #ffffff; display: inline !important; float: none;">). The article is searchable and citable by Digital Object Identifier (DOI). <span style="text-decoration: underline;">DOI link will become active after the article will be included in the complete issue</span>.</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong><span style="color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.87); font-family: 'Noto Serif', -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, 'Segoe UI', Roboto, Oxygen-Sans, Ubuntu, Cantarell, 'Helvetica Neue', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; letter-spacing: normal; text-align: start; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; background-color: #ffffff; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial; display: inline !important; float: none;">*********</span></strong></p> Huali ZHANG, Haibo XIN, Richen CONG, Zijing LI, Lina SONG, Zunzheng WEI Copyright (c) 2019 Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca https://notulaebotanicae.ro/index.php/nbha/article/view/11388 Wed, 17 Apr 2019 00:00:00 +0000