Revegetation of Abandoned Sulphur Flotation Waste in Keçiborlu, Isparta/Turkey: Heavy Metals Concentrations of Growing Media and <i>Agropyron elongatum</i> Grass

  • Huseyin KALKAN Akdeniz University, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, Antalya
  • Mustafa KAPLAN Akdeniz University, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, Antalya
  • Șule ORMAN Akdeniz University, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, Antalya

Abstract

The main objectives of the study are to evaluate the effectiveness of using amendment materials (calcareous soil and farmyard manure) and to grow Agropyron elongatum (tall wheat grass) for the revegetation of sulphur flotation waste in tailing ponds. Calcareous soil (CS) at 10, 20, 30, 40% and farmyard manure (FYM) at 4, 8% were applied to the flotation waste (FW). pH, electrical conductivity (EC), DTPA-extractable Fe, Zn, Mn, Cu, Ni, Cr, Pd, Cd, Co concentrations of growing media, also, total Fe, Zn, Mn, Cu, Ni, Cr, Pd, Cd, Co concentrations of plants were analysed together with the dry weight yield of the plant which were determined at end of the experiment. The results have shown that pH, shoot Zn, Mn, Cu and Pb concentrations increased by CS-alone but this increment tended to decrease by FYM. The EC, DTPA-extractable Fe, Zn, Mn, Ni, Cr, Co and shoot Fe, Ni, Cr, Co concentrations were decreased by CS-alone, but this decline tended to increase by FYM. There was no change in DTPA-extractable Pb and Cd concentrations between CS and CS with FYM. The dry weight of the plant shoots increased CS with FYM more than CS-alone. The plant grew well and had high cover in CS with FYM treatments compared to CS-alone. However this work indicates that A. elongatum can be used to revegetate sulphur flotation waste, further studies with different plant species are needed in order to obtain better plant cover in revegetation efforts.

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Author Biography

Șule ORMAN, Akdeniz University, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, Antalya
Assoc.Prof.Dr. Soil Science and Plant Nutrition
Published
2014-12-02
How to Cite
KALKAN, H., KAPLAN, M., & ORMAN Șule. (2014). Revegetation of Abandoned Sulphur Flotation Waste in Keçiborlu, Isparta/Turkey: Heavy Metals Concentrations of Growing Media and <i>Agropyron elongatum</i&gt; Grass. Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca, 42(2), 340-346. https://doi.org/10.15835/nbha4229650
Section
Research Articles