The Effect of Water Deficit and Nitrogen on the Antioxidant Enzymes’ Activity and Quantum Yield of Barley ( Hordeum vulgare L.)
The effects of water deficit and nitrogen fertilizer were studied on antioxidant enzymes activity and quantum yield of barley. An experiment carried out in greenhouse in factorial subject based on a completely randomized design with three replications. Irrigation schedules imposed at three levels of 85%, 60% and 35% field capacity (FC), and nitrogen were applied in quantities of 40, 80 and 120 kg N ha-1. We determined Catalase (CAT), Peroxidase (POX) Polyphenol oxidase (PPO) activities, proline, chlorophyll and carotenoid content, quantum yield and grain yield. The results showed that severe stress (35% FC) increased the activities of CAT, POX and PPO enzymes and proline content, whereas the carotenoids, chlorophyll a and chlorophyll b decreased. Water deficiency caused the reduction in the quantum yield and the grain yield by 34%. Application of 80 kg of N during stress treatments resulted in higher enzyme activity and proline content. High amount of nitrogen reduced carotenoids, chlorophyll a, chlorophyll b, and in contrast, enhanced quantum yield. Application of 120 kg N ha-1 increased the yield up to 37% under mild stress (35% FC). Correlation coefficient and path coefficient showed that, grain yield was affected directly by amount of carotenoids and quantum yield.
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