The Effect of Water Deficit and Nitrogen on the Antioxidant Enzymes’ Activity and Quantum Yield of Barley ( Hordeum vulgare L.)

  • Arezu MOVLUDI University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Agronomy, Daneshgah Street, Ardabil, Iran
  • Ali EBADI University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Agronomy, Daneshgah Street, Ardabil, Iran
  • Soodabeh JAHANBAKHSH University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Agronomy, Daneshgah Street, Ardabil, Iran
  • Mahdi DAVARI University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Plant Protection, Daneshgah Street, Ardabil, Iran
  • Ghasem PARMOON University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Agronomy, Daneshgah Street, Ardabil, Iran
Keywords: catalase; grain yield; peroxidase; polyphenol oxidase; proline

Abstract

The effects of water deficit and nitrogen fertilizer were studied on antioxidant enzymes activity and quantum yield of barley. An experiment carried out in greenhouse in factorial subject based on a completely randomized design with three replications. Irrigation schedules imposed at three levels of 85%, 60% and 35% field capacity (FC), and nitrogen were applied in quantities of 40, 80 and 120 kg N ha-1. We determined Catalase (CAT), Peroxidase (POX) Polyphenol oxidase (PPO) activities, proline, chlorophyll and carotenoid content, quantum yield and grain yield. The results showed that severe stress (35% FC) increased the activities of CAT, POX and PPO enzymes and proline content, whereas the carotenoids, chlorophyll a and chlorophyll b decreased. Water deficiency caused the reduction in the quantum yield and the grain yield by 34%. Application of 80 kg of N during stress treatments resulted in higher enzyme activity and proline content. High amount of nitrogen reduced carotenoids, chlorophyll a, chlorophyll b, and in contrast, enhanced quantum yield. Application of 120 kg N ha-1 increased the yield up to 37% under mild stress (35% FC). Correlation coefficient and path coefficient showed that, grain yield was affected directly by amount of carotenoids and quantum yield.

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Published
2014-12-02
How to Cite
MOVLUDI, A., EBADI, A., JAHANBAKHSH, S., DAVARI, M., & PARMOON, G. (2014). The Effect of Water Deficit and Nitrogen on the Antioxidant Enzymes’ Activity and Quantum Yield of Barley ( Hordeum vulgare L.). Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca, 42(2), 398-404. https://doi.org/10.15835/nbha4229340
Section
Research Articles