Seasonal Variation of Essential Oil Yield and Composition of Sage (Salvia officinalis L.) Grown in Castilla - La Mancha (Central Spain)

  • Maria P. ARRAIZA ETSI Montes. Universidad Politecnica de Madrid. Ciudad Universitaria S/N. 28040 Madrid
  • Carlos ARRABAL ETSI Montes. Universidad Politecnica de Madrid. Ciudad Universitaria S/N. 28040 Madrid
  • Jose V. LOPEZ ETSI Montes. Universidad Politecnica de Madrid. Ciudad Universitaria S/N. 28040 Madrid
Keywords: alpha thujone; essential oil composition; Salvia officinalis; Spain

Abstract

Links between phenology, yield and composition of the essential oil of common sage, Salvia officinalis L., grown in Guadalajara (Central Spain) were determined in the different phases of the biological cycle during one year. Data showed an average yield about 1.0%. The analysis of the oil components was carried out by GC-FID and GC/MS. The main oil constituent was alpha thujone (40.1-46.5%). Other identified compounds are beta pinene (2.6-4.5%), cineole (3.5-8.7%), beta thujone (4.1-5.6%), camphor (4.1-8.0%), borneol (1.3-3.7%), alpha humulene (3.8-7.3%), viridiflorol (3.4-12.6%) and manool (0.1-4.5%). The highest yield of oil was obtained in the period of full flowering and the highest concentration of alpha thujone in the period of initial flowering.

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Published
2012-11-05
How to Cite
ARRAIZA, M. P., ARRABAL, C., & LOPEZ, J. V. (2012). Seasonal Variation of Essential Oil Yield and Composition of Sage (Salvia officinalis L.) Grown in Castilla - La Mancha (Central Spain). Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca, 40(2), 106-108. https://doi.org/10.15835/nbha4028311
Section
Research Articles