The Influence of Varieties and Planting Systems on the Peach Tree Growth, Productivity and NPK Uptake

  • Traian G. MATEI University of Agronomic Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, Horticulture Department, 59 B-dul Mărăşti, BucureÅŸti, România
  • Florin STANICA University of Agronomic Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, Horticulture Department, 59 B-dul Mărăşti, BucureÅŸti, România
  • Roxana M. MADJAR University of Agronomic Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, Horticulture Department, 59 B-dul Mărăşti, BucureÅŸti, România

Abstract

The present study presents the effect of two organo-mineral fertilizers: root fertilizer C011 and foliar fertilizer 411 bio-ionic liquids, on some vegetative and productive features of five new peach [Prunus persica (L.) Batsch] varieties introduced in Romania: ‘Earlirich’, ‘Royal Estate’, ‘Rubirich’, ‘October Star’ and ‘Late Luka’, grafted on GF 677 rootstock. The experimental plot located on a reddish preluvosol, have been established in 2008 with four planting systems: Tatura trellis, V planting system, Sibari Y and Vertical axe with different nutrition area/tree. Fertilization was applied on the beggining of June and August, 2010 and 2011 on the soil, locally on the tree rows (C011) and by foliar spraying (411). Trees vegetative growth was compared at the end of the vegetation period by number of fruit buds per unit trunk surface section (CM/TSS) with significant differences between types of crowns and the biggest values for ‘Rubirich’; the total shoots length with significant differences between varieties. The influence of fertilization on trees productivity was apreciated by analyzing the yield and some typical productivy indexes. The studied parameters including the NPK uptake, have been significantly influenced by the variety 3.39% Nt at ‘Rubirich’ in 2010 and 2.75% Nt at ‘Rubirich’ in 2011 in Tatura trellis planting system.

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Author Biography

Florin STANICA, University of Agronomic Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, Horticulture Department, 59 B-dul Mărăşti, Bucureşti, România
Facultatea de Horticultura
Published
2012-09-24
How to Cite
MATEI, T. G., STANICA, F., & MADJAR, R. M. (2012). The Influence of Varieties and Planting Systems on the Peach Tree Growth, Productivity and NPK Uptake. Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca, 40(2), 177-182. https://doi.org/10.15835/nbha4027690
Section
Research Articles