Effect of the Ascorbic Acid, Pyridoxine and Hydrogen Peroxide Treatments on Germination, Catalase Activity, Protein and Malondialdehyde Content of Three Oil Seeds

  • Aria DOLATABADIAN Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran
  • Seyed Ali Mohammad MODARRES SANAVY Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran
Keywords: ascorbic acid, catalase, pyridoxine, hydrogen peroxide, germination, malondialdehyde, oil seed

Abstract

Oil seed production has an important role in human nutrition and industry. Success in oil plant cultivation is related to seed production with high viability and rapid germination, because these seeds rapidly loose their viability by fats oxidation. Thus, in this work we studied the effects of ascorbic acid, pyridoxine and hydrogen peroxide solutions on germination quantitative traits, catalase activity, protein and malondialdehyde content of three old oil seeds (sunflower, rape seed and safflower). The results showed that ascorbic acid and pyridoxine stimulated significantly the sunflower and rape seed germination. These vitamins, however, didn't have any effect on safflower germination. Hydrogen peroxide strongly increased safflower germination. Ascorbic acid and pyridoxine decreased catalase activity in sunflower and rape seed, whereas hydrogen peroxide increased it. Ascorbic acid and pyridoxine prevented protein degradation and lipid peroxidation in germinated seeds. Consequently, we understand that ascorbic acid and pyridoxine can increase sunflower and rape seed germination and stimulate rate of growth. Also safflower germination increased due to germination inhibitor oxidation by hydrogen peroxide. In conclusion, this report shows that oil seeds treated with ascorbic acid, pyridoxine and hydrogen peroxide remarkably increase the capacity of germination. We suggest that treatments with such substances can improve the old oil seed germination during storage.

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How to Cite
DOLATABADIAN, A., & MODARRES SANAVY, S. A. M. (1). Effect of the Ascorbic Acid, Pyridoxine and Hydrogen Peroxide Treatments on Germination, Catalase Activity, Protein and Malondialdehyde Content of Three Oil Seeds. Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca, 36(2), 61-66. https://doi.org/10.15835/nbha36270
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Research Articles