The Analysis of Different Factors Affecting the Red Wines Antioxidant Content
AbstractThe benefits of moderate consumption of wines consist in the protective effects against cardiovascular diseases and anticarcinogenic is associated with their antioxidants content. There are plenty of analytical methods for assessing the antioxidant content of wines but unfortunately, there is not a standardized method. The antioxidant content of ‘Cabernet Sauvignon’, ‘Merlot’ and ‘Pinot Noir’ wines obtained from cultivated grapes varieties from Recas and Minis Romanian vineyard from different harvesting years were investigated. The electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy, using the 2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-4-hydroxypiperidine-N-oxyl (Tempol) free stable radical, was used to determine the antioxidant content of wines. Measurements were done in order to analyze the effects of the grape varieties, the harvesting year and the vineyard on the antioxidant content of wines. The obtained results revealed that the antioxidant content of studied red wines depends on the harvesting year of grape, the grape variety and on the vineyard. Using the observed values of the antioxidant content, a relationship was identified between the antioxidant content of wines and the harvesting year of grapes. Furthermore, the designed generalized nonlinear model revealed that the antioxidant content of wine depends on the combined effect of the grape variety and the vineyard, besides the year, the grape variety and the vineyard.
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