Evolution of the Botanical Composition and Forage Yield of several Perennial Fodder Legume and Grass Mixtures in the Year of Establishment

  • Nicusor Flavius SIMA University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, Cluj-Napoca, 3-5 Manstur Str., 400372
  • Gheorghe MIHAI University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine Cluj-Napoca, Faculty of Animal Husbandry and Biotechnology
  • Rodica Maria SIMA University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, Cluj-Napoca, 3-5 Manstur Str., 400372

Abstract

The research results regarding the selection of some mixtures of perennial fodder grasses and legumes suitable for the establishment of temporary pastures in Cojocna, Transylvania region, Romania, are presented in this paper. The evolution of both the botanical composition and dry matter (DM) yield on 2 cuttings, after the sowing of mixtures were measured in order to establish the best mixtures. Increases of the legume ratios in the botanical composition of swards on both first and second cutting were recorded in the mixtures where their ratios at sowing were less than 40%. Grasses, in comparison with legumes, recorded lower ratios in the structure of swards than those used at sowing, both on the first and the second cutting. Weeds had ratios of 31-75% in the botanical composition of all variants on the first cutting, while on the second cutting their ratios decreased to less than 25% in the majority of variants, except in the pure alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) crop. The higher fodder yield was obtained on each cutting for the mixture of 6 species, including 3 legumes and 3 grasses.

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Author Biographies

Nicusor Flavius SIMA, University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, Cluj-Napoca, 3-5 Manstur Str., 400372
Forage Production Department, senior lecturer
Gheorghe MIHAI, University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine Cluj-Napoca, Faculty of Animal Husbandry and Biotechnology
Forage Production Department, Professor
Rodica Maria SIMA, University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, Cluj-Napoca, 3-5 Manstur Str., 400372
Department of Vegetable Growing, Senior lecturer
Published
2010-12-05
How to Cite
SIMA, N. F., MIHAI, G., & SIMA, R. M. (2010). Evolution of the Botanical Composition and Forage Yield of several Perennial Fodder Legume and Grass Mixtures in the Year of Establishment. Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca, 38(3), 45-50. https://doi.org/10.15835/nbha3835354
Section
Research Articles