Seed Vigor and Field Performance of Winter Oilseed Rape (Brassica napus L.) Cultivars

  • Kazem GHASSEMI-GOLEZANI University of Tabriz, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Agronomy and Plant Breeding, Tabriz
  • Javad BAKHSHY University of Tabriz, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Agronomy and Plant Breeding, Tabriz
  • Yaeghoob RAEY University of Tabriz, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Agronomy and Plant Breeding, Tabriz
  • Ayda HOSSAINZADEH-MAHOOTCHY University of Tabriz, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Agronomy and Plant Breeding, Tabriz

Abstract

The effect of seed vigor on field performance of two oilseed rape cultivars (Licord and Okapi) was investigated in 2008 at the Research Farm of the University Tabriz, Iran. The experiment was arranged as factorial based on RCB design with three replications. A sub-sample of seeds of each cultivar was kept as control. The other two sub-samples of each cultivar with about 15% moisture content were artificially deteriorated at 40C for 9 and 12 days (Licord) and 7 and 10 days (Okapi). Consequently, three seed lots for each cultivar with different levels of vigor were provided. The results showed that the mean emergence time increased with decreasing seed vigor. However, the highest percentage of seedling emergence was obtained for the high quality seed lot and decreased with decreasing seed lot vigor. Decreasing seed vigor led to significant reduction in ground cover of both cultivars; mainly due to poor stand establishment. Ground cover of Licord was higher than that of Okapi. Plants from high vigor seed lots of both cultivars had higher leaf chlorophyll content index at early stages of growth, compared with those from low quality seed lots. Grains per plant, 1000 grain weight and grain yield per plant for plants from deteriorated seed lots were higher than those from high-vigor seed lot. However, these advantages in individual plant performance were not sufficient to compensate for low stand establishment. Consequently, grain yield per unit area significantly improved with increasing seed vigor of oilseed rape cultivars, even within the range of acceptable germination.

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Published
2010-12-05
How to Cite
GHASSEMI-GOLEZANI, K., BAKHSHY, J., RAEY, Y., & HOSSAINZADEH-MAHOOTCHY, A. (2010). Seed Vigor and Field Performance of Winter Oilseed Rape (Brassica napus L.) Cultivars. Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca, 38(3), 146-150. https://doi.org/10.15835/nbha3834977
Section
Research Articles

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