Several Lipophilic Components of Five Elite Genotypes of Romanian Seabuckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides subs. carpatica)

  • Liviu Adrian VESCAN University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, 3-5 Manastur Street, Cluj-Napoca, 400372
  • Doru PAMFIL University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, Cluj-Napoca, 3-5 Manastur St., 400372
  • Constantin BELE University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, 3-5 Manastur Street, Cluj-Napoca, 400372
  • Cristian MATEA University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, 3-5 Manastur Street, Cluj-Napoca, 400372
  • Cristian Radu SISEA University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, 3-5 Manastur Street, Cluj-Napoca, 400372

Abstract

Seabuckthorn is a spinescent, deciduous and dioecious berry-producing shrub, with a high economical and ecological potential. It is frequently used as a pioneer species in anthropic and eroded soils due to its low pedoclimatic demands, strong rooting system and ability to fix atmospheric nitrogen. Seabuckthorn berries, leaves and bark have a high content of nutritive and active substances which promote this species for use in both food and medical industries. One of the most requested therapeutical products on the market is the seabuckthorn oil, extracted from both pulp and seeds. Two important parameters in analyzing seabuckthorn oil quality are fatty acids and tocopherols. In Transylvania region most of seabuckthorn orchards are established with local, low productive and less uniform planting material, randomly collected from wild flora. In order to assess the opportunity of introducing new seabuckthorn varieties in Transylvania, a selection process was initiated. In this context, five elites were selected from wild populations in the Danube Delta, using biometrical criteria. They were later compared to a representative individual from a local population and to a number of homologated cultivars, with respect to morphology and some lipophilic components (oil content, fatty acids and tocopherols). For both pulp and seeds, total lipids were extracted using a modified Folch method. Fatty acids were analyzed by gas chromatography using flame ionization detection. Tocopherols were analysed using a Shimadzu VP Series liquid chromatograph with a fluorescence detector FR-10 AXL.

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Author Biographies

Liviu Adrian VESCAN, University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, 3-5 Manastur Street, Cluj-Napoca, 400372
USAMV Cuj-Napoca, Faculty of Horticulture, Genetics and Amelioration Department, engineer, post university studies
Doru PAMFIL, University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, Cluj-Napoca, 3-5 Manastur St., 400372
USAMV Cuj-Napoca, Faculty of Horticulture, Genetics and Amelioration Department, PhD, University Professor, University Rector
Constantin BELE, University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, 3-5 Manastur Street, Cluj-Napoca, 400372
Biochemistry, PhD, Senior Lecturer
Cristian MATEA, University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, 3-5 Manastur Street, Cluj-Napoca, 400372
Biochemistry, PhD student
Cristian Radu SISEA, University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, 3-5 Manastur Street, Cluj-Napoca, 400372
USAMV Cuj-Napoca, Faculty of Horticulture, Genetics and Amelioration Department, PhD
Published
2010-09-24
How to Cite
VESCAN, L. A., PAMFIL, D., BELE, C., MATEA, C., & SISEA, C. R. (2010). Several Lipophilic Components of Five Elite Genotypes of Romanian Seabuckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides subs. carpatica). Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca, 38(2), 114-122. https://doi.org/10.15835/nbha3824760
Section
Research Articles

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