The Bioaccumulation of Some Heavy Metals in the Fruiting Body of Wild Growing Mushrooms

  • Carmen Cristina ELEKES Valahia University, Faculty of Environmental Engineering and Biotechnologies, Bd. Regele Carol I, no. 2, Targoviste
  • Gabriela BUSUIOC Valahia University, Faculty of Environmental Engineering and Biotechnologies, Bd. Regele Carol I, no. 2, Targoviste
  • Gheorghe IONITA Valahia University, Faculty of Environmental Engineering and Biotechnologies, Bd. Regele Carol I, no. 2, Targoviste

Abstract

Due to their effective mechanism of accumulation of heavy metals from soil, the macrofungi show high concentrations of metals in their fruiting body. According with this ability, the mushrooms can be used to evaluate and control the level of environmental pollution, but also represent danger for human ingestion. We analyzed some macrofungi species from a wooded area to establish the heavy metal concentrations and ability of bioaccumulation and translocation for Zn, Cu and Sn in fruiting body. The metallic content was established by the Inductively Coupled Plasma-Atomic Emission Spectrometry method (ICP-AES). The minimal detection limits of method is 0.4 mg/kg for Zn and Cu and 0.6 mg/kg for Sn. Heavy metals concentrations in the fruiting body ranged between 6.98-20.10 mg/kg for Zn (the higher value was for Tapinella atrotomentosa); 16.13-144.94 mg/kg for Cu (the higher value was for Hypholoma fasciculare); and 24.36-150.85 mg/kg for Sn (the higher value was for Paxillus involutus). The bioaccumulation factor has important values (higher than 1) only for copper in all the analyzed species (between 1.30 and 8.86) and for tin in Paxillus involutus species (1.19). The translocation factor shows that zinc and tin were accumulated in higher concentrations in cap of mushrooms and the copper had higher concentrations in stipe.

Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Author Biographies

Carmen Cristina ELEKES, Valahia University, Faculty of Environmental Engineering and Biotechnologies, Bd. Regele Carol I, no. 2, Targoviste
Department of Environmental Engineering
Gabriela BUSUIOC, Valahia University, Faculty of Environmental Engineering and Biotechnologies, Bd. Regele Carol I, no. 2, Targoviste
Department of Environmental Engineering
Gheorghe IONITA, Valahia University, Faculty of Environmental Engineering and Biotechnologies, Bd. Regele Carol I, no. 2, Targoviste
Faculty of Materials Engineering, Mechatronics and Robotics
Published
2010-09-24
How to Cite
ELEKES, C. C., BUSUIOC, G., & IONITA, G. (2010). The Bioaccumulation of Some Heavy Metals in the Fruiting Body of Wild Growing Mushrooms. Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca, 38(2), 147-151. https://doi.org/10.15835/nbha3824736
Section
Research Articles