Genetic Diversity in Spring Wheat Landraces from Northwest of Iran Assessed by ISSR Markers

  • Omid SOFALIAN Department of Plant Breeding University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil 179
  • Nader CHAPARZADEH Azarbaijan University of Tarbiat Moallem, Department of Biology, Tabriz
  • Meysam DOLATI Department of Agronomy Zabol University, Sistan

Abstract

Inter Simple Sequence Repeat (ISSR) markers were used to study the genetic diversity of 18 spring growth type landraces from Iran and selected 9 cultivars grown in Iran out of 15 ISSR primers .11 primers were found to have enough polymorphism and they were used for assessment. These primers are composed of di, tetra and penta-nucleotide sequences. From a total of 108 DNA fragments produced, 78 (72.22%) fragments were polymorphic. The UPGMA clustering algorithm classified the varieties into three major groups .Majority of landraces located in each group were originated from common locations. The results revealed that ISSR markers could be efficiently used to evaluate genetic variation in the wheat germplasm. Genetic similarity and dissimilarities among genotypes will be useful for genetic differentiation of wheat accessions, selection strategies and genetic development of crop plants.

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Published
2009-11-02
How to Cite
SOFALIAN, O., CHAPARZADEH, N., & DOLATI, M. (2009). Genetic Diversity in Spring Wheat Landraces from Northwest of Iran Assessed by ISSR Markers. Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca, 37(2), 252-256. https://doi.org/10.15835/nbha3723086
Section
Research Articles