Ecological control of mycotic pathogens in tomato crops - alternatives to synthetic pesticides


  • Alin DIN University of Craiova, Faculty of Horticulture, A.I. Cuza Street 13, Craiova, Dolj; National Research and Development Institute for Biotechnology in Horticulture, Stefanesti, Arges (RO)
  • Cristina MIHAESCU National University of Science and Technology Politehnica Bucharest, Pitesti University Centre, Targu din Vale Street 1, Pitesti (RO)
  • Diana I. POPESCU (STEGARUS) National Research and Development Institute for Cryogenics and Isotopic Technologies-ICSI Ramnicu Valcea, Uzinei 4, 240050 Ramnicu Valcea (RO)
  • Denisa VILCOCI Regional Center of Research & Development for Materials, Processes and Innovative Products Dedicated to the Automotive Industry (CRC&D-AUTO), National University of Science and Technology Politehnica Bucharest, Pitesti University Centre, Doaga Street no. 11, Pitesti, Arges (RO)
  • Georgiana CIRSTEA Regional Center of Research & Development for Materials, Processes and Innovative Products Dedicated to the Automotive Industry (CRC&D-AUTO), National University of Science and Technology Politehnica Bucharest, Pitesti University Centre, Doaga Street no. 11, Pitesti, Arges (RO)
  • Ionela-Daniela SARDARESCU National Research and Development Institute for Biotechnology in Horticulture, Stefanesti, Arges (RO)
  • Diana Elena VIZITIU National Research and Development Institute for Biotechnology in Horticulture, Stefanesti, Arges (RO)
  • Alina PAUNESCU National University of Science and Technology Politehnica Bucharest, Pitesti University Centre, Targu din Vale Street 1, Pitesti (RO)
  • Ion MITREA University of Craiova, Faculty of Horticulture, A.I. Cuza Street 13, Craiova, Dolj (RO)
  • Rodi MITREA University of Craiova, Faculty of Horticulture, A.I. Cuza Street 13, Craiova, Dolj (RO)



plant extracts, pesticides, tomato crops


The pathogens Alternaria solani and Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. lycopersici are of significant interest from a pathogenic perspective in the context of tomato cultivation. This study focuses on evaluating the fungicidal and fungistatic effects of different synthetic substances and natural compounds on the development of these two investigated pathogens. The fungicidal agents employed comprised fosetyl aluminum at a concentration of 0.3%, azoxystrobin at 0.2%, and metiram at 0.3%, while the natural extracts investigated included those derived from European birthwort, celandine and sage, each tested at concentrations of 0.5%, 2%, 9%, and 15%. The assessment of mycelial growth inhibition was conducted utilizing Vincent’s formula. Additionally, the total polyphenol content (TPC) within the extracts was determined via the Folin-Ciocalteu spectrophotometric method in accordance with Frum et al. (2022). Furthermore, the antioxidant capacity of the extracts was evaluated using the DPPH radical scavenging method (2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl) and high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Our research findings yielded noteworthy results, specifically, extracts derived from sage and celandine, particularly when present at a concentration of 15%, exhibited a fungistatic effect. This effect was particularly remarkable when compared to the performance of the synthetic fungicide azoxystrobin at a concentration of 0.2% when challenged with the Alternaria pathogen. These results suggest the potential utility of sage and celandine extracts as eco-friendly alternatives for mitigating fungal pathogens in tomato crops, warranting further investigation and consideration within agricultural practices.


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How to Cite

DIN, A., MIHAESCU, C., POPESCU (STEGARUS), D. I., VILCOCI, D., CIRSTEA, G., SARDARESCU, I.-D., VIZITIU, D. E., PAUNESCU, A., MITREA, I., & MITREA, R. (2023). Ecological control of mycotic pathogens in tomato crops - alternatives to synthetic pesticides. Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca, 51(4), 13492.



Research Articles
DOI: 10.15835/nbha51413492