Effect of cultivar, year, and their interaction on nutritional and energy value components in Aronia melanocarpa berries


  • Ivona-Cristina ENESCU MAZILU University of Craiova, Faculty of Horticulture, Doctoral School of Plant and Animal Resources Engineering, 13 A.I. Cuza Street, 200585 Craiova (RO)
  • Sina COSMULESCU University of Craiova, Faculty of Horticulture, Department of Horticulture and Food Science, 13 A.I. Cuza Street, 200585 Craiova (RO)




carbohydrates, chokeberry;, dietary fibers, minerals, sugars


Aronia melanocarpa has long been known for its small, purple-black, and sweet-bitter berries to which several human health benefits have been attributed. This study aimed to highlight the effect of cultivar, year, and their interaction on the berry level of some components with nutritional and energetic value in two chokeberry cultivars. The study was carried out on ‘Melrom’ and ‘Nero’ chokeberry cultivars, grown under climatic conditions specific to Muntenia region, Romania. Compared to ‘Nero’ cv., dry weight, total soluble solids, and carbohydrates were found in significantly higher quantity in ‘Melrom’ cv. (263.33 g kg-1, 18.02 °Brix, 203.19 g kg-1). Significantly higher energy value and acidity (946.81 kcal kg-1 and 11.40 g malic acid kg-1, respectively) were also determined for ‘Melrom’ cv. Except for total soluble solids for ‘Melrom’ cv., total titratable acidity and total sugar content presented the highest variations between the study years for each of the two cultivars. K was the major mineral, followed by Ca. ‘Nero’ cv. had a higher content of K (2.73 g kg-1) and Zn (0.003 g kg-1) and significantly higher levels of Ca (0.72 g kg-1), Mg (0.35 g kg-1), and P (0.52 g kg-1). Both chokeberry cultivars can be considered as an alternative to complete the daily diet with fiber and minerals without high energy or sugar intake.


Aguilera JM, Toledo T (2022). Wild berries and related wild small fruits as traditional healthy foods. Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition 1-15. https://doi.org/10.1080/10408398.2022.2156475.

Alemu B, Pu Z, Debele G, Goshu A, Jida M, Abdikadir A, … Chun-hong M (2022). Proximate analysis of endangered evergreen leguminous shrub Yeheb-nut (Cordeauxia edulis Hemsl.) reveals high content of carbohydrate than protein. Measurement: Food 7:100051. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.meafoo.2022.10005.

Cindric IJ, Zeiner M, Mihajlov-Konanov D, Stingeder G (2017). Inorganic macro- and micronutrients in “superberries” black chokeberries (Aronia melanocarpa) and related teas. Journal of Japan Society of Nutrition and Food Sciences 14(5):539. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph14050539.

Cosmulescu S, Botu M, Trandafir I (2013). The mineral source for human nutrition of nuts in different hazelnut (Corylus avellana L.) cultivars. Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca 41(1):250-254. https://doi.org/10.15835/nbha411830.

Cosmulescu S, Trandafir I, Nour V, Botu M (2017). Variation in minerals of skin and pulp of different cultivars of plum. Acta Horticulturae 1175:93-98. https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2017.1175.17

Dordevic B, Pljevljakusic D, Savikin K, Bigovic D, Jankovic T, Menkovic N, Zdunic G (2021). Effects of fertiliser application and shading on pomological properties and chemical composition of Aronia melanocarpa fruit in organic production. Biological Agriculture & Horticulture 1-16. https://doi.org/10.1080/01448765.2021.2013942.

Engin SP, Mert C (2020). The effects of harvesting time on the physicochemical components of aronia berry. Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry 44(4):361-370. https://doi.org/10.3906/tar-1903-130

Gündeşli MA, Korkmaz N, Okatan V (2019). Polyphenol content and antioxidant capacity of berries: a review. International Journal of Agriculture Forestry and Life Sciences 3(2):350-361.

Gurčík Ľ, Bajusová Z, Ladvenicová J, Palkovič J, Novotná K (2023). Cultivation and processing of modern superfood - Aronia melanocarpa (black chokeberry) in Slovak Republic. Agriculture 13(3):604. https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture13030604.

Ionica ME, Cosmulescu SN, Tutunaru I (2018). Evolution of some physical and chemical characteristics of the myrobalan plum fruits (Prunus cerasifera EHRH.) during their growth and ripening. South-Western Journal of Horticulture, Biology & Environment 9(2):53-63.

Jaćimović S, Dojčinović B. Kiprovski B. Pantelić N (2022). Determination of selected macro-and microelements in black chokeberries (Aronia melanocarpa L.). In: Book of Abstracts, 1st European Symposium on Phytochemicals in Medicine and Food 1-EuSPMF, 7-9 September 2022, Belgrade (p. 85). Belgrade: University of Belgrade, Faculty of Agriculture.

Jeppsson N (2000). The effects of fertilizer rate on vegetative growth, yield and fruit quality, with special respect to pigments, in black chokeberry (Aronia melanocarpa) cv. Viking'. Scientia Horticulturae 83(2):127-137. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0304-4238(99)00070-9.

Jeppsson N, Johansson R (2000). Changes in fruit quality in black chokeberry (Aronia melanocarpa) during maturation. Journal of Horticultural Science and Biotechnology 75(3):340-345. https://doi.org/10.1080/14620316.2000.11511247.

Jurendic T, Scetar M (2021). Aronia melanocarpa products and by-products for health and nutrition: A review. Antioxidants 10(7):1052. https://doi.org/10.3390/antiox10071052.

Jurikova T, Mlcek J, Skrovankova S, Sumczynski D, Sochor J, Hlavacova I, Orsavova J (2017). Fruits of black chokeberry Aronia melanocarpa in the prevention of chronic diseases. Molecules 22(6):944. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules22060944

Kaličanin B, Velimirović D, Nešić I (2022). A study on mineral composition of Aronia melanocarpa as a functional food with potential therapeutic properties. Journal of Food and Nutrition Research 61(1):53-60.

King ES, Bolling BW (2020). Composition, polyphenol bioavailability, and health benefits of aronia berry: A review. Journal of Food Bioactives 11. https://doi.org/10.31665/JFB.2020.11235.

Kulling SE Rawel HM (2008). Chokeberry (Aronia melanocarpa) - A review on the characteristic components and potential health effects. Planta medica 74(13):1625-1634.

Lee SC, Prosky L, Vries JWD (1992). Determination of total, soluble, and insoluble dietary fiber in foods - Enzymatic-gravimetric method, MES-TRIS buffer: Collaborative study. Journal of AOAC International 75(3):395-416.

Meng L, Zhu J, Ma Y, Sun X, Li D, Li L, Bai H, Xin G, Meng X (2019). Composition and antioxidant activity of anthocyanins from Aronia melanocarpa cultivated in Haicheng, Liaoning, China. Food Bioscience 30:100413. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fbio.2019.100413.

Merrill AL, Watt BK (1973). Energy value of foods: basis and derivation. Agriculture Handbook No. 74. Washington, DC, ARS United States Department of Agriculture.

Negreanu-Pirjol BS, Oprea OC, Negreanu-Pirjol T, Roncea FN, Prelipcean AM, Craciunescu O, Popoviciu DR (2023). Health benefits of antioxidant bioactive compounds in the fruits and leaves of Lonicera caerulea L. and Aronia melanocarpa (Michx.) Elliot. Antioxidants 12(4):951. https://doi.org/10.3390/antiox12040951.

Nicola C, Florea A, Chițu E, Butac M (2020). Evaluation of the biochemical quality of Aronia melanocarpa fruits in the conditions of southern Romania, under the influence of fertilization. Scientific Papers Series B Horticulture 64(1):147-154.

Nielsen SS (2010). Phenol-sulfuric acid method for total carbohydrates. In: Nielsen SS (Ed). Food Analysis Laboratory Manual. Food Science Texts Series. Springer, Boston, MA. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-1463-7_6.

Ochmian ID, Grajkowski J, Smolik M (2012). Comparison of some morphological features, quality, and chemical content of four cultivars of chokeberry fruits (Aronia melanocarpa). Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca 40(1):253-260. https://doi.org/10.15835/nbha4017181.

Oszmiański J, Wojdylo A (2005). Aronia melanocarpa phenolics and their antioxidant activity. European Food Research and Technology 221(6):809-813. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00217-005-0002-5.

Paunović SM, Mašković P, Milinković M (2022). Optimization of primary metabolites and antimicrobial activity in aronia berries as affected by soil cultivation systems. Erwerbs-Obstbau 64(4):581-589. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10341-022-00744-0.

Pavlovic AN, Brcanovic JM, Veljkovic JN, Mitic SS, Tosic SB, Kalicanin BM, Kostic DA, Dordevi MS, Velimirovic DS (2015). Characterization of commercially available products of aronia according to their metal content. Fruits 70(6):385-393. https://doi.org/10.1051/fruits/2015038.

Pop L, Costa R, Asănică A, Tudoreanu L (2022). Mineral nutritional value of products containing aronia fruits and juices: a review. Scientific Papers Series B Horticulture 66(1):846-856.

Skupien K, Oszmianski J (2007). The effect of mineral fertilization on nutritive value and biological activity of chokeberry fruit. Agricultural and Food Science 16(1):46-55. https://doi.org/10.2137/145960607781635822.

Snebergrova J, Cízková H, Neradova E, Kapci B, Rajchl A, Voldrich M (2014). Variability of characteristic components of aronia. Czech Journal of Food Sciences 32(1):25-30.

Sosnowska D, Kajszczak D, Podsędek A (2022). The effect of different growth stages of black chokeberry fruits on phytonutrients, anti-lipase activity, and antioxidant capacity. Molecules 27(22):8031. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules27228031.

Tanaka T Tanaka A (2001). Chemical components and characteristics of black chokeberry. Journal of Japan Society of Nutrition and Food Sciences 48:606-610.

Tolic MT, Krbavcic IP, Vujevic P, Milinovic B, Jurcevic IL, Vahcic N (2017). Effects of weather conditions on phenolic con-tent and antioxidant capacity in juice of chokeberries (Aronia melanocarpa L.). Polish Journal of Food and Nutrition Sciences 67(1):67-74. https://doi.org/10.1515/pjfns-2016-0009

Yang H, Kim YJ, Shin Y (2019). Influence of ripening stage and cultivar on physicochemical properties and antioxidant compositions of aronia grown in South Korea. Foods 8(12):598. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods8120598.

Zhang Y, Zhao Y, Liu X, Chen X, Ding C, Dong L, Zhang J, Sun S, Ding Q, Khatoom S, Cheng Z, Liu W, Shen L, Xiao F (2021). Chokeberry (Aronia melanocarpa) as a new functional food relationship with health: an overview. Journal of Future Foods 1(2):168-178. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jfutfo.2022.01.006.



How to Cite

ENESCU MAZILU, I.-C., & COSMULESCU, S. (2023). Effect of cultivar, year, and their interaction on nutritional and energy value components in Aronia melanocarpa berries. Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca, 51(4), 13478. https://doi.org/10.15835/nbha51413478



Research Articles
DOI: 10.15835/nbha51413478

Most read articles by the same author(s)