The effect of arbuscular mycorrhizal inoculation and plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria on maize (Zea mays L.) under boron toxicity stress

Authors

  • Narges ABDAR Shiraz University, School of Agriculture, Department of Soil Science, Shiraz (IR)
  • Mehdi ZAREI Shiraz University, School of Agriculture, Department of Soil Science, Shiraz; Higher Education Center of Eghlid, Department of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Eghlid (IR)
  • Amir Ghaffar SHAHRIARI Higher Education Center of Eghlid, Department of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Eghlid (IR)
  • Iman MIRMAZLOUM Hungarian University of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Institute of Agronomy, Department of Plant Physiology and Plant Ecology, Ménesi Str. 44, 1118 Budapest (HU)

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.15835/nbha51413473

Keywords:

arbuscular mycorrhiza fungus, boron toxicity, growth promoting plant rhizobacteria, maize

Abstract

A greenhouse study was conducted to investigate the effect of arbuscular mycorrhiza fungus and plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria on maize (Zea mays L.) yield and boron (B) uptake under excessive B concentrations. Four levels of B (0, 10, 20 and 40 mg kg-1 soil) and four levels of microbial inoculation (non-inoculation, Rhizophagus intraradices, Micrococcus yunnanensis and co-inoculation) were applied. In general, elevated B decreased the maize relative yield, plant dry weight, plant height, total leaf area and chlorophyll content. The highest B uptake was recorded in the 20 mg kg-1 B treatments, whereas the lowest uptake was in B treatments of 0 and 40 mg B kg-1. Excessive B supply increased the proline content and electrolyte leakage of maize leaves. Microbial inoculation did not change the yield of B-stressed plants. In addition, mycorrhiza inoculation and co-inoculation increased the shoot and root B uptake. Maize plants growing at high B concentrations with or without microbial inoculation showed leaf edge burning and necrosis when compared with control treatments. Microbial inoculation improved the maize yield under B stress up to 20 mg B kg-1. Thus, inoculation with arbuscular mycorrhiza and plant growth promoting rhizobacteria can increase the maize tolerance under B toxicity. Nonetheless, the inoculation of bacterium and arbuscular mycorrhiza had a more alleviative effect when the plants were exposed to excess B.

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Published

2023-12-20

How to Cite

ABDAR, N., ZAREI, M., SHAHRIARI, A. G., & MIRMAZLOUM, I. (2023). The effect of arbuscular mycorrhizal inoculation and plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria on maize (Zea mays L.) under boron toxicity stress. Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca, 51(4), 13473. https://doi.org/10.15835/nbha51413473

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Research Articles
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DOI: 10.15835/nbha51413473