Impact of biostimulants based amino acids and irrigation frequency on agro-physiological characteristics and productivity of broccoli plants

Authors

  • Hossam S. EL-BELTAGI King Faisal University, College of Agriculture and Food Sciences, Agricultural Biotechnology Department, Al-Ahsa 31982; Cairo University, Faculty of Agriculture, Biochemistry Department, Giza 12613 (SA)
  • Mohamed E. ABUARAB Cairo University, Faculty of Agriculture, Agricultural Engineering Department, Giza 12613 (EG)
  • Mahmoud A.M. FAHMY Beni-Suef University, Faculty of Agriculture, Horticulture Department, Beni-Suef 62517 (EG)
  • Suzy M. ABDELAZIZ Agricultural Research Centre, Horticulture Research Institute, Cross Pollinated Vegetable Research Department, 12611 (EG)
  • Sara G. ABDEL-HAKIM Cairo University, Faculty of Agriculture, Soil Science Department, Giza 12613 (EG)
  • Emad A. ABDELDAYM Cairo University, Faculty of Agriculture, Vegetable Crops Department, Giza, 12613 (EG)
  • Ghada A. TAWFIC Cairo University, Faculty of Agriculture, Vegetable Crops Department, Giza, 12613 (EG)

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.15835/nbha51413454

Keywords:

amino acids, biostimulants, Brassica oleracea, irrigation times, yield quantity and quality

Abstract

Abstract scientists are concerned about the utilizing of biostimulants-based amino acids in plant feeding and mitigating negative effects of water stress. As a result, two-year field experiments were conducted at Faculty of Agriculture's experimental station at Cairo University to study the effectiveness of liquid yeast waste (CMS) and Cargo amino acids (AAs) on the agro-physiological features of broccoli plants with different irrigation frequencies (every 5, 10, and 15 days). Compared with control plants, the foliar application of AAs and CMS significantly increased plant height, photosynthesis pigments, head weight, head diameter, head height, plant yield, and quality at different irrigation frequencies. Likewise, both treatments (CMS and AAs) significantly improved ascorbic acids by 16.65% and 15.95% and increased total phenol content by 24.10% and 36.60%, respectively, compared to control plants. Accordingly, the highest productivity was achieved for broccoli grown under irrigation every five days with the CMS bio-stimulant, where it was 3111.17 kg ha-1, while the lowest productivity was achieved for the control treatment in which no biostimulants were added and irrigation frequency every 15 days, and the productivity was 1376.22 kg ha-1. Plants irrigated every 15 days produced the highest levels of abscisic acid (ABA) and superoxide dismutase (SOD), followed by plants irrigated every 10 days and every 5 days. Exogenous application of amino acids bio-stimulants could be suggested to improve vegetative growth, biochemical characteristics, productivity, and nutritional value as well as to mitigate negative effects of water scarcity. 

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Published

2023-12-11

How to Cite

EL-BELTAGI, H. S., ABUARAB, M. E., FAHMY, M. A., ABDELAZIZ, S. M., ABDEL-HAKIM, S. G., ABDELDAYM, E. A., & TAWFIC, G. A. (2023). Impact of biostimulants based amino acids and irrigation frequency on agro-physiological characteristics and productivity of broccoli plants. Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca, 51(4), 13454. https://doi.org/10.15835/nbha51413454

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Research Articles
CITATION
DOI: 10.15835/nbha51413454

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