Biochar a promising amendment to mitigate the drought stress in plants: review and future prospective


  • Wang LIHONG Baicheng Normal University, College of Tourism and Geographic Science, Baicheng, Jilin, 137000 (CN)
  • Guan JIANING Shenyang Agricultural University, Rice Research Institute (CN)
  • Wei JIAN Jilin Agricultural University, School of Agriculture (CN)
  • Athar MAHMOOD University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Department of Agronomy, Faisalabad, 38040 (PK)
  • Adnan RASHEED Hunan Agricultural University, College of Agronomy, Changsha 410128 (CN)
  • Muhammad U. HASSAN Jiangxi Agricultural University, Research Center of Ecological Sciences, Nanchang (CN)
  • Jameel M. AL-KHAYRI King Faisal University, College of Agriculture and Food Sciences, Department of Agricultural Biotechnology, Al-Ahsa 31982 (SA)
  • Mohammed I. ALDAEJ King Faisal University, College of Agriculture and Food Sciences, Department of Agricultural Biotechnology, Al-Ahsa 31982 (SA)
  • Muhammad N. SATTAR King Faisal University, Central Laboratories, PO Box 420, Al-Ahsa 31982 (SA)
  • Adel Abdel-Sabour REZK King Faisal University, College of Agriculture and Food Sciences, Department of Agricultural Biotechnology, Al-Ahsa 31982; Plant Pathology Institute, Agricultural Research Center, Department of Virus and Phytoplasma, Giza 12619 (EG)
  • Mustafa I. ALMAGHASLA King Faisal University, College of Agriculture and Food Sciences, Department of Arid Land Agriculture, Al-Ahsa 31982; King Faisal University, College of Agriculture and Food Sciences, Plant Pests, and Diseases Unit, Al-Ahsa 31982 (SA)
  • Wael F. SHEHATA King Faisal University, College of Agriculture and Food Sciences, Department of Agricultural Biotechnology, Al-Ahsa 31982; Arish University, College of Environmental Agricultural Science, Plant Production Department, P.O. Box: 45511 North Sinai (SA)



biochar, drought stress, hormones, photosynthesis, plant water relations


Drought stress (DS) is one of the most destructive abiotic stresses that negatively affects plant growth, and yield. The intensity of DS is continuously increasing due rapid of water sources, less rainfall, and an increase in global warming. The world’s population is increasing at an alarming rate which needs a substantial increase in crop production to meet global food needs. Therefore, in this context, we must have to increase crop production in the scenarios of rapid climate change and increasing intensity of abiotic stresses. Globally, different measures are used to mitigate the adverse impacts of DS, recently biochar (BC) has emerged as an excellent soil amendment to mitigate the toxic effects of DS and improve crop production. The application maintains membrane integrity, plant water relations, nutrient homeostasis, photosynthetic performance, hormonal balance and osmolytes accumulation, and gene expression thereby improving plant performance under DS. Moreover, BC application under DS also improves soil organic matter, water holding capacity, soil structure stability, and activity of beneficial microbes which can improve the plant performance under DS. In the present review different mechanisms through which BC mitigates the adverse impacts of DS on plants are discussed. This review provides new suggestions on the role of BC in mitigating the adverse impacts of DS.


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How to Cite

LIHONG, W., JIANING, G., JIAN, W., MAHMOOD, A., RASHEED, A., HASSAN, M. U., AL-KHAYRI, J. M., ALDAEJ, M. I., SATTAR, M. N., REZK, A. A.-S., ALMAGHASLA, M. I., & SHEHATA, W. F. (2023). Biochar a promising amendment to mitigate the drought stress in plants: review and future prospective. Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca, 51(4), 13447.



Review Articles
DOI: 10.15835/nbha51413447

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