Drought stress-induced modification of morpho-anatomical and yield attributes of mung bean associated with the application of silicon and Moringa leaf extract

Authors

  • Moazzma ANWAR The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Department of Botany (PK)
  • Asma HANIF The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Department of Botany (PK)
  • Zhanwu GAO Baicheng Normal University, Tourism and Geographical Science Institute, Baicheng, 137000 (CN)
  • Adnan RASHEED Hunan Agricultural University, College of Agronomy, Changsha, 410128 (CN)
  • Sobia SHAHZAD The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Department of Botany (PK)
  • Abdul HASEEB The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Department of Botany (PK)
  • Mah GUL The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Department of Botany (PK)
  • Jameel M. AL-KHAYRI King Faisal University, College of Agriculture and Food Sciences, Department of Agricultural Biotechnology, Al-Ahsa 31982 (SA)
  • Mohammed I. ALDAEJ King Faisal University, College of Agriculture and Food Sciences, Department of Agricultural Biotechnology, Al-Ahsa 31982 (SA)
  • Muhammad N. SATTAR King Faisal University, Central Laboratories, PO Box 420, Al-Ahsa 31982 (SA)
  • Adel Abdel-Sabour REZK King Faisal University, College of Agriculture and Food Sciences, Department of Agricultural Biotechnology, Al-Ahsa 31982; Plant Pathology Institute, Agricultural Research Center, Department of Virus and Phytoplasma, Giza 12619 (EG)
  • Mustafa I. ALMAGHASLA King Faisal University, College of Agriculture and Food Sciences, Department of Arid Land Agriculture, Al-Ahsa 31982; King Faisal University, College of Agriculture and Food Sciences, Plant Pests, and Diseases Unit, Al-Ahsa 31982 (SA)
  • Wael F. SHEHATA King Faisal University, College of Agriculture and Food Sciences, Department of Agricultural Biotechnology, Al-Ahsa 31982; Arish University, College of Environmental Agricultural Science, Plant Production Department, P.O. Box: 45511 North Sinai (EG)
  • Tarek A. SHALABY King Faisal University, College of Agriculture and Food Sciences, Department of Arid Land Agriculture, Al-Ahsa 31982; Kafrelsheikh University, Faculty of Agriculture, Horticulture Department, Kafr El-Sheikh 33516 (EG)

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.15835/nbha51413370

Keywords:

anatomy, drought, morphology, Moringa leaf extract, mung bean, silicon, yield

Abstract

Mung bean (Vigna radiata) is the rich source of fiber and essential nutrients. They play a vital role in sustainable agriculture due to their ability to fix nitrogen in the soil and enhance soil fertility. Drought is characterized by limited water resources and severe arid climatic conditions, notably impair crop growth and yield. In the current experiment, two genotypes, Azri-M 2006 and NM-92, were studied against drought stress that was applied as 2 days and 4 days irrigation gap per week. Foliar application of magnesium-silicate (20 ppm and 30 ppm concentrations) and Moringa leaf extract (30% v/v solution) was applied as treatments. The results from the experiment morphology anatomical and yield components were recorded according to the prescribed methods. The result revealed that drought stress reduced the growth of plant. Foliar application of 30 ppm silicon against drought stress showed a highly significant (p<0.001) result compared with control group. Morphology parameters, including shoot and root length, shoot and root fresh weight, root dry weight, leaf area, leaf number, the anatomical structure included (stem epidermis, cortex, and stem vascular bundles,) and also yield components (pod length, and seed numbers). In contrast, MLE (30%) showed a significant impact (p<0.01) on leaf lamina thickness (Leaf anatomical parameters; midrib xylem and phloem, number of stomata on the adaxial and abaxial surface) and yield components included (100-grain weight, grains weight per plant, and numbers of pods,). The overall impact of 30 ppm Si was 39.9% more positive on Azri-M2006 than the NM-92 against the drought stress. The 30-ppm silicon and 30% MLE showed 90% similar results in all studied parameters. This study confirms that 30% MLE could be recommended to farmers to improve productivity under arid conditions than the silicon.

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Published

2023-12-11

How to Cite

ANWAR, M., HANIF, A., GAO, Z., RASHEED, A., SHAHZAD, S., HASEEB, A., GUL, M., AL-KHAYRI, J. M., ALDAEJ, M. I., SATTAR, M. N., REZK, A. A.-S., ALMAGHASLA, M. I., SHEHATA, W. F., & SHALABY, T. A. (2023). Drought stress-induced modification of morpho-anatomical and yield attributes of mung bean associated with the application of silicon and Moringa leaf extract. Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca, 51(4), 13370. https://doi.org/10.15835/nbha51413370

Issue

Section

Research Articles
CITATION
DOI: 10.15835/nbha51413370

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