The effect of seed priming with UV and gamma rays on the growth, production, and storage ability of cauliflower heads


  • Hossam S. EL-BELTAGI King Faisal University, College of Agriculture and Food Sciences, Agricultural Biotechnology Department, Al-Ahsa 31982; Cairo University, Faculty of Agriculture, Biochemistry Department, Giza 12613 (SA)
  • Ghada A. TAWFIC Cairo University, Faculty of Agriculture, Vegetable Crops Department, Giza 12613 (EG)
  • Said A. SHEHATA Cairo University, Faculty of Agriculture, Vegetable Crops Department, Giza 12613 (EG)
  • Shaimaa R. ALI Cairo University, National Institute of Laser Enhanced Sciences (NILES) (EG)
  • Osama A. ABDEL HAMID Agricultural Engineering Research Institute, Agricultural Research Center (EG)
  • Abd El-Rahman A. AHMED Agricultural Engineering Research Institute, Agricultural Research Center (EG)
  • Mohamed M. EL-MOGY Cairo University, Faculty of Agriculture, Vegetable Crops Department, Giza 12613 (EG)



gamma rays, growth, seed priming, storage, quality, UV-A, UV-C


The goal of the current study was to evaluate the effects of gamma ray, UV-C, UV-A (ultraviolet) treatments as seed priming on the growth, yield, quality, and the storage ability of cauliflower heads. The seeds were exposed to the following treatments: 50 and 75 kGy (gamma ray), UV-C for 15, 30, 45 minutes, and UV-A for 15, 30, 45 minutes. Plant growth and yield parameters were evaluated at the harvest time. The cauliflower heads from previous treatments were stored at 5° C for 16 days to evaluate their shelf-life traits. The results indicated that gamma ray, UV-C, and UV-A treatments enhanced the plant growth characteristics including plant height, leaf length, number of leaves, plant fresh weight, SPAD reading, and plant dry weight. Additionally, the cauliflower seeds treated with different treatments showed higher total yield, head diameter, and head weight than the control plants. The storage ability including weight loss, total soluble solids, and antioxidant capacity during refrigerated storage of cauliflower heads was not affected by the different treatments, however UVA treatment enhanced vitamin C and phenolic compounds compared to the control.


Ahn HJ, Kim JH, Kim JK, Kim DH, Yook HS, Byun MW (2005). Combined effects of irradiation and modified atmosphere packaging on minimally processed Chinese cabbage (Brassica rapa L.). Food Chemistry 89:589-597.

Aly A, Eliwa N, Taha A, Borik Z (2023a). Physiological and biochemical markers of gamma irradiated white radish (Raphanus sativus). International Journal of Radiation Biology 1-11.

Aly AA (2022). Micropropagation, phytochemical content and antioxidant activity of gamma-irradiated blackberry (Rubus fruticosus L.) plantlets. In vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology 58:457-469.

Aly AA, Maraei RW, Sharafeldin RG, Safwat G (2023c). Yield traits of red radish seeds obtained from plants produced from γ-irradiated seeds and their oil characteristics. Gesunde Pflanzen 1-11.

Aly AA, Safwat G, Eliwa NE, Eltawil AHM, Abd El-Aziz MH (2023b). Changes in morphological traits, anatomical and molecular alterations caused by gamma-rays and zinc oxide nanoparticles in spinach (Spinacia oleracea L.) plant. BioMetals 1-21.

Asare AT, Mensah F, Acheampong S, Asare-Bediako E, Armah J (2017). Effects of gamma irradiation on agromorphological characteristics of okra (Abelmoschus esculentus L. Moench.). Advances in Agriculture 2385106.

Badridze G, Kacharava N, Chkhubianishvili E, Rapava L, Kikvidze M, Chanishvili S, Shakarishvili N, Mazanishvili L, Chigladze L (2016). Effect of UV radiation and artificial acid rain on productivity of wheat. Russian Journal of Ecology 47:158-166.

Vahid B (2012). Titrimetric determination of ascorbic acid contents in plant samples by 2, 6-dichlorophenolindophenol method. Journal of the Chemical Society of Pakistan 34(6):1510-1512.

Beyaz R, Kahramanogullari CT, Yildiz C, Darcin ES, Yildiz M (2016). The effect of gamma radiation on seed germination and seedling growth of Lathyrus chrysanthus Boiss. under in vitro conditions. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 162:129-133.

Brown JE, Lu TY, Stevens C, Khan VA, Lu JY, Wilson CL, … Chalutz E (2001). The effect of low dose ultraviolet light-C seed treatment on induced resistance in cabbage to black rot (Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris). Crop Protection 20:873-883.

Delibaltova V, Ivanova R (2006). Impact of the pre-sowing irradiation of seeds by helium-neon laser on the dynamics of development of some cotton varieties. Journal of Environmental Protection and Ecology 7(4):909-917.

Dubey A, Yadav JR, Singh BRJPA (2007). Studies on induced mutations by gamma irradiation in okra (Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Monch.). Progressive Agriculture 7:46-48.

El-Bauome HA, Abdeldaym EA, Abd El-Hady MAM, Darwish DB, Alsubeie MS, El-Mogy MM, … Alzuaibr FM (2022). Exogenous proline, methionine, and melatonin stimulate growth, quality, and drought tolerance in cauliflower plants. Agriculture 12.

El-Beltagi HS, Al-Otaibi HH, Ali MR (2023 a). A new approach for extending shelf-life of pomegranate arils with combined application of salicylic acid and methyl jasmonate. Horticulturae 9:225.

El-Beltagi HS, El-Yazied AA, El-Gawad HGA, Kandeel M, Shalaby TA, Mansour AT, … Ibrahim MFM (2023 b). Synergistic impact of melatonin and putrescine interaction in mitigating salinity stress in snap bean seedlings: reduction of oxidative damage and inhibition of polyamine catabolism. Horticulturae 9:285.

El-Mogy MM, Parmar A, Ali MR, Abdel-Aziz ME, Abdeldaym EA (2020). Improving postharvest storage of fresh artichoke bottoms by an edible coating of Cordia myxa gum. Postharvest Biology and Technology 163:111143,

Farooq M, Tabassum R, Afzal I (2006). Enhancing the performance of direct seeded fine rice by seed priming. Plant Production Science 9(4):446-456.

Formica-Oliveira AC, Martínez-Hernández GB, Díaz-López V, Artés F, Artés-Hernández F (2017). Use of postharvest UV-B and UV-C radiation treatments to revalorize broccoli byproducts and edible florets. Innovative Food Science & Emerging Technologies 43:77-83.

Gudkov SV, Grinberg MA, Sukhov V, Vodeneev V (2019). Effect of ionizing radiation on physiological and molecular processes in plants. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 202:8-24.

Gupta S, Chatterjee S, Vaishnav J, Kumar, V, Variyar P, Sharma A (2012). Hurdle technology for shelf stable minimally processed French beans (Phaseolus vulgaris): A response surface methodology approach. LWT - Food Science and Technology 48:182-189.

Hamid N, Jawaid FJ PJoC (2011). Influence of seed pre-treatment by UV-A and UV-C radiation on germination and growth of Mung beans. Pakistan Journal of Chemistry 1:164-167.

Hegazi AZ, Hamideldin N (2010). The effect of gamma irradiation on enhancement of growth and seed yield of okra [Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Monech] and associated molecular changes. Journal of Horticulture and Forestry 2(3):038-051.

Jaipo N, Kosiwikul M, Panpuang N, Prakrajang K (2019). Low dose gamma radiation effects on seed germination and seedling growth of cucumber and okra. Journal of Physics: Conference Series 1380:012106.

Jan S, Parween T, Siddiqi TO (2012). Effect of gamma radiation on morphological, biochemical, and physiological aspects of plants and plant products. Environmental Reviews 20:17-39.

Kacharava N, Chanishvili S, Badridze G, Chkhubianishvili E, Janukashvili N (2009). Effect of seed irradiation on the content of antioxidants in leaves of Kidney bean, Cabbage and Beet cultivars. Australian Journal of Crop Science 3(3):137.

Kapusta-Duch J, Szeląg-Sikora A, Sikora J, Niemiec M, Gródek-Szostak Z, Kuboń M, Leszczyńska T Borczak B (2019). Health-promoting properties of fresh and processed purple cauliflower. Sustainability 11.

Katerova Z, Todorova D (2011). Effect of enhanced UV-C irradiation on the growth, malondialdehyde, hydrogen peroxide, free proline, polyamines, IAA and IAA-oxidase activity in pea plants (Pisum sativum L.). Comptes rendus de l’Académie bulgare des Sciences 6:15-20.

Kim JH, Baek MH, Chung BY, Wi SG, Kim JS (2004). Alterations in the photosynthetic pigments and antioxidant machineries of red pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) seedlings from gamma-irradiated seeds. Journal of Plant Biology 47:314-321.

Kim JH, Chung BY, Kim JS, Wi SG (2005). Effects of in Planta gamma-irradiation on growth, photosynthesis, and antioxidative capacity of red pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) plants. Journal of Plant Biology 48:47-56.

Ku K M, Choi JH, Kushad MM, Jeffery EH, Juvik JA (2013). Pre-harvest methyl jasmonate treatment enhances cauliflower chemoprotective attributes without a loss in postharvest quality. Plant Foods for Human Nutrition (Dordrecht, Netherlands) 68:113-117.

Liao C, Liu X, Gao A, Zhao A, Hu J, Li B (2016). Maintaining postharvest qualities of three leaf vegetables to enhance their shelf lives by multiple ultraviolet-C treatment. LWT 73:1-5.

Lin Q, Xie Y, Liu W, Zhang J, Cheng S, Xie X, Guan W, Wang Z (2017). UV-C treatment on physiological response of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) during low temperature storage. Journal of Food Science and Technology 54:55-61.

Mahajan G, Sarlach RS, Japinder S, Gill MS (2011). Seed priming effects on germination, growth and yield of dry direct-seeded rice. Journal of Crop Improvement 25:409-417.

Marcu D, Cristea V, Daraban L (2013). Dose-dependent effects of gamma radiation on lettuce (Lactuca sativa var. capitata) seedlings. International Journal of Radiation Biology 89:219-223.

McDonald MB (2000). Seed Priming: 287-325. Seed Technology and Its Biological Basis. Sheffield Academic Press, Sheffield, UK, pp 428.

Melki M, Sallami D (2008). Studies the effects of low dose of gamma rays on the behaviour of chickpea under various conditions. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences 11:2326-2330.

Nasrin TAA, Yasmin L, Arfin MS, Rahman MA, Molla MM, Sabuz AA, Afroz M (2022). Preservation of postharvest quality of fresh cut cauliflower through simple and easy packaging techniques. Applied Food Research 2:100125.

Ouhibi C, Attia H, Rebah F, Msilini N, Chebbi M, Aarrouf J, Urban L, Lachaal M (2014). Salt stress mitigation by seed priming with UV-C in lettuce plants: Growth, antioxidant activity and phenolic compounds. Plant Physiology and Biochemistry 83:126-133.

Piri I, Babayan M, Tavassoli A, Javaheri M (2011). The use of gamma irradiation in agriculture. African Journal of Microbiology Research 5(32):5806-5811.

Qi W, Zhang L, Wang L, Xu H, Jin Q, Iao Z (2015). Pretreatment with low-dose gamma irradiation enhances tolerance to the stress of cadmium and lead in Arabidopsis thaliana seedlings. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 115:243-249.

Ling Q, Huang W, Jarvis P (2011). Use of a SPAD-502 meter to measure leaf chlorophyll concentration in Arabidopsis thaliana. Photosynthesis Research 107:209-214.

Rai R, Meena RP, Smita SS, Shukla A, Rai SK, Pandey-Rai S (2011). UV-B and UV-C pre-treatments induce physiological changes and artemisinin biosynthesis in Artemisia annua L. – An antimalarial plant. Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology 105:216-225.

Singleton VL, Rossi JA (1965). Colorimetry of total phenolics with phosphomolybdic-phosphotungstic acid reagents. American journal of Enology and Viticulture 16(3):144-158.

Slaton NA, Wilson CE, Ntamatungiro S, Norman RJ, Boothe DL (2001). Evaluation of zinc seed treatments for rice. Agronomy Journal 93:152-157.

Thakur M, Tiwari S, Kataria S, Anand A (2022). Recent advances in seed priming srategies for enhancing planting value of vegetable seeds. Scientia Horticulturae 305:111355.

Thomas TTD, Puthur JT (2017). UV radiation priming: A means of amplifying the inherent potential for abiotic stress tolerance in crop plants. Environmental and Experimental Botany 138:57-66.

Urban L, Charles F, de Miranda MRA, Aarrouf J (2016). Understanding the physiological effects of UV-C light and exploiting its agronomic potential before and after harvest. Plant Physiology and Biochemistry 105:1-11.

Verdaguer D, Jansen MA, Llorens L, Morales LO, Neugart S (2017). UV-A radiation effects on higher plants: Exploring the known unknown. Plant Science: An International Journal of Experimental Plant Biology 255:72-81.

Wi SG, Chung BY, Kim J S, Kim JH, Baek MH, Lee JW, Kim YS (2007). Effects of gamma irradiation on morphological changes and biological responses in plants. Micron 38:553-564.

Wi SG, Chung BY, Kim JH, Baek MH, Yang DH, Lee JW, Kim JS (2005). Ultrastructural changes of cell organelles in Arabidopsis stems after gamma irradiation. Journal of Plant Biology 48:195-200.

Wiendl TA, Wiendl FW, Franco SSH, Franco JG, Althur V, Arthur PB (2013). Effects of gamma radiation in tomato seeds. In: Proceedings of the INAC international nuclear Atlantic conference, Brazil.

Zaka R, Chenal C (2004). Misset, M.T. Effects of low doses of short-term gamma irradiation on growth and development through two generations of Pisum sativum. Science of The Total Environment 320:121-129.

Zhan L, Hu J, Pang L, Li Y, Shao J (2014). Light exposure reduced browning enzyme activity and accumulated total phenols in cauliflower heads during cool storage. Postharvest Biology and Technology 88:17-20.



How to Cite

EL-BELTAGI, H. S., TAWFIC, G. A., SHEHATA, S. A., ALI, S. R., ABDEL HAMID, O. A., AHMED, A. E.-R. A., & EL-MOGY, M. M. (2023). The effect of seed priming with UV and gamma rays on the growth, production, and storage ability of cauliflower heads. Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca, 51(3), 13264.



Research Articles
DOI: 10.15835/nbha51313264

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 > >>