Evaluation of twenty genotypes of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) grown under heat stress during germination stage

Authors

  • Yasir MAJEED Gansu Agricultural University, College of Agronomy, Lanzhou 730070; University of Poonch, Laboratory of Plant Breeding and Molecular Genetic, Rawalakot, Azad Jammu Kashmir (PK)
  • Shaista FIAZ University of Poonch, Laboratory of Plant Breeding and Molecular Genetic, Rawalakot, Azad Jammu Kashmir (PK)
  • Wan TENG Baicheng Normal University, College of Mechanical Engineering, Baicheng, Jilin, 137000 (CN)
  • Adnan RASHEED Hunan Agricultural University, College of Agronomy, Changsha 410128 (CN)
  • Syed F.A. GILLANI Gansu Agricultural University, College of Agronomy, Lanzhou 730070 (CN)
  • Zhu XI Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs of China/Key Laboratory of Hainan Province for Postharvest Physiology and Technology of Tropical Horticulture Product, South Subtropical Crops Research Institute, Key Laboratory of Tropical Fruit Biology, Chinese Academy of Tropical Agricultural Sciences, Zhanjiang 524000 (CN)
  • Mahmoud F. SELEIMAN King Saud University, Department of Plant Production, College of Food and Agriculture Sciences, P.O. Box 2460, Riyadh 11451 (SA)
  • André A. DIATTA Université Gaston Berger, Departement of Vegetables Productions and Agronomie, UFR des Sciences Agronomiques, de l’Aquaculture et des Technologies Alimentaires (S2ATA), Saint-Louis, BP 234 Saint-Louis (SN)
  • Harun GITARI Kenyatta University, Department of Agricultural Science & Technology (KE)

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.15835/nbha51213207

Keywords:

genetic variation, germination, heat stress, seedling traits, wheat genotypes

Abstract

Heat stress is one of the most devastating abiotic stresses which causes significant loss of agricultural crop productivity. Thus, it is critical to examine the wheat’s response to the heat stress at seedling stage and adopt an appreciated breeding method to develop heat tolerance and to avoid harmful effects. Therefore, twenty wheat genotypes, including two local landraces, were evaluated in the current study to investigate the genetic diversity for heat tolerance at the seedling stage. Grains of wheat genotypes were placed on filter papers in Petri dishes for germinating at different temperature ranges (i.e., 25 °C as control, 30 °C, 35 °C, and 40 °C). The experiment was laid out in a completely randomized design (CRD) with the factorial arrangement and the number of replications was three. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) for seedling traits and biochemical analysis showed that the genotypes had significant differences for coleoptile length, shoot length (SL), root length (RL), shoot fresh weight (SFW), vigor index (VI), glycine betaine (GB) and proline content. The effect of temperature treatments on different wheat genotypes also exhibited highly significant variation for VI. Principal component analysis (PCA) showed that four factors contributed 82.8% to total variability with the Eigen value greater than 0.7 at 35 °C. Correlation analysis showed that coleoptile length and germination percentage (GP) had a highly significant-positive correlation with SL, VI, and SFW. Results showed that wheat genotypes of ‘Maraj’, ‘Fareed’, ‘Darabi’, ‘Zincol-16’, ‘Barsat’, ‘NARC-2011’, and ‘Mundar’ showed superior performance when grown under different temperatures. ‘NARC-2011’, ‘Inqalab-91’, and ‘Galexy’ wheat genotypes performed well regarding of H2O2 and antioxidant activity. These genotypes had a significant level of variability under heat stress and can be used under high temperatures in future breeding programs for further research purposes.

References

Ahmad A, Aslam Z, Javed T, Hussain S, Raza A, Shabbir R, … Nawaz M (2022). Screening of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) genotypes for drought tolerance through agronomic and physiological response. Agronomy 12:287. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy12020287

Ahmad M, Shabbir G, Minhas N, Shah MKN (2013). Identification of drought tolerant wheat genotypes based on seedling traits. Sarhad Journal of Agriculture 29:21-27

Akter N, Rafiqul IM (2017). Heat stress effects and management in wheat. A review. Agronomy for Sustainable Development 37(5):1-17. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13593-017-0443-9

Ali MA, Shahzadi M, Zahoor A, Dababat AA, Toktay H, Bakhsh A, Nawaz MA, Li H (2019). Resistance to cereal cyst nematodes in wheat and barley: an emphasis on classical and modern approaches. International Journal of Molecular Science 20(2):432-440. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms2002043220

Ali Y, Atta BM, Akhter J, Monneveux P, Lateef Z (2008). Genetic variability, association and diversity studies in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) germplasm. Pakistan Journal of Botany 40:2087-2097.

Asseng S, Foster I, Turner NC (2011). The impact of temperature variability on wheat yields. Global Change Biology 17(2):997-1012. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2486.2010.02262

Ballesta P, Mora F, Del-Pozo A (2020). Association mapping of drought tolerance indices in wheat: QTL-rich regions on chromosome 4A. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 77. https://doi.org/10.1590/1678-992x-2018-0153

Belete Y, Shimelis H, Laing M, Mathew I (2021). Genetic diversity and population structure of bread wheat genotypes determined via phenotypic and SSR marker analyses under drought-stress conditions. Journal of Crop Improvement 35(3):303-325. https://doi.org/10.1080/15427528.2020.1818342

Bhatti N, Dalal M, Phougat D, Kavita S (2023)/ Multivariate analysis of morpho-physiological traits in bread wheat genotypes under terminal heat stress. Electronic Journal of Plant Breeding 13(4):1180-1186. https://doi.org/10.37992/2022.1304.170

Bricker B (1991). “MSTATC: A Micro-Computer Program for the Design, Management and Analysis of Agronomic Research Experimentation,” Department of Crop and Soil Sciences. Michigan State University, East Lansing.

Chen XY, Ding X, Xu S, Wang R, Xuan W, Cao ZY, Shen WB (2009). Endogenous hydrogen peroxide plays a positive role in the up regulation of heme oxygenase and acclimation to oxidative stress in wheat seedling leaves. Journal of Integrative Plant Biology 51(10):951-960. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-7909.2009.00869.x

Coast O, Posch BC, Rognoni BG, Bramley H, Gaju O, Mackenzie J, Atkin OK (2022). Wheat photosystem II heat tolerance: evidence for genotype‐by‐environment interactions. The Plant Journal 111(5):1368-1382. https://doi.org/10.1111/tpj.15894

Ding Z, Ali EF, Elmahdy AM, Ragab KE, Seleiman MF, Kheir AMS (2021). Modeling the combined impacts of deficit irrigation, rising temperature and compost application on wheat yield and water productivity. Agricultural Water Management 244:106626. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.agwat.2020.106626

Ebel C, BenFeki A, Hanin M, Solano R, Chini A (2018). Characterization of wheat (Triticum aestivum) TIFY family and role of Triticum Durum Td TIFY11a in salt stress tolerance. PLOS One 13(7):e0200566. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0200566

Ebrahimnejad S, Rameeh V (2016). Correlation and factor analysis of grain yield and some important component characters in spring bread wheat genotypes. Cercetari Agronomice in Moldova (Agronomic Research In Moldavia) 49(1). http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/cerce-2016-0001

El-Hassouni K, Afzal M, Steige KA, Sielaff M, Curella V, Neerukonda M, … Thorwarth P (2023). Multiomics based association mapping in wheat reveals genetic architecture of quality and allergenic related proteins. International Journal of Molecular Science 24:1485. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms24021485

Essemine J, Ammar S, Bouzid S (2010). Impact of heat stress on germination and growth in higher plants: physiological, biochemical and molecular repercussions and mechanisms of defense. Journal of Biological Sciences 10(6):565-572. https://doi.org/10.3923/jbs.2010.565.572

Fleitas MC, Mondal S, Gerard GS, Hernández-Espinosa N, Singh RP, Crossa J, Guzmán C (2020). Identification of CIMMYT spring bread wheat germplasm maintaining superior grain yield and quality under heat-stress. Journal of Cereal Science 93(1):102981. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcs.2020.102981

Ghafoor G, Hassan G, Ahmad I, Khan SN, Suliman S (2013). Correlation analysis for different parameters of F2 bread wheat population. Pure and Applied Biology 2:28-31.

Grieve CM, Grattan SR (1983). Rapid assay for determination of water soluble quaternary ammonium compounds. Plant and Soil 70(2):303-307. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02374789

Hammer Ø, Harper DA, Ryan PD (2001). PAST: Paleontological statistics software package for education and data analysis. Palaeontologia Electronica 4(1):9.

Harris PJ, Burrell MM, Emes MJ, Tetlow IJ (2023). Effects of post anthesis high temperature stress on carbon partitioning and starch biosynthesis in a spring wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) adapted to moderate growth temperatures. Plant and Cell Physiology pcad030. https://doi.org/10.1093/pcp/pcad030

Jones RAC, Vazquez-Iglesias I, McGreig S, Fox A, Gibbs AJ (2023). Genomic high plains wheat mosaic virus sequences from Australia: Their phylogenetics and evidence for Emaravirus recombination and re-assortment. Viruses 15:401. https://doi.org/10.3390/v15020401

Kayastha P, Barsha KC, Pandey B, Magar BR, Chand H, Bhandari J, Lamichhane P, Baduwal P, Poudel MR (2023). Molecular basis of heat stress tolerance in wheat. Journal of Agriculture and Applied Biology 4(1):11-19. https://doi.org/10.11594/jaab.04.01.02

Khan S, Basra SMA, Nawaz M, Hussain I, Foidl N (2020). Combined application of moringa leaf extract and chemical growth-promoters enhances the plant growth and productivity of wheat crop (Triticum aestivum L.). The South African Journal of Botany 129:74-81. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sajb.2019.01.007

Mukhtar T, Rehman Su, Smith D, Sultan T, Seleiman MF, Alsadon AA, … Saad MAO (2020). Mitigation of Heat Stress in Solanum lycopersicum L. by ACC-deaminase and exopolysaccharide producing Bacillus cereus: Effects on biochemical profiling. Sustainability 12(6):2159. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12062159

Ramya K, Jain N, Gandhi N, Arora A, Singh P, Singh AM, Singh GP, Prabhu K (2017). Assessing heat stress tolerance and genetic diversity among exotic and Indian wheat genotypes using simple sequence repeats and agro-physiological traits. Journal of Plant Genetic Resources 15(3):208-220. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1479262115000532

Rane J, Pannu RK, Sohu VS, Saini RS, Mishra B, Shoran J, Crossa J, Vargas M, Joshi AK (2007). Performance of yield and stability of advanced wheat genotypes under heat stress environments of the Indo‐Gangetic plains. Crop Science 47(4):1561-1573

Riaz MW, Yang L, Yousaf MI, Sami A, Mei XD, Shah L, Rehman S, Xue L, Si H, Ma C (2021). Effects of heat stress on growth, physiology of plants, yield and grain quality of different spring wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) genotypes. Sustainability 13(5):2972. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13052972

Rohlf FJ, Sokal RR (1981). Comparing numerical taxonomic studies. Systematic Biology 30(4):459-490. https://doi.org/10.2307/2413054

Seleiman MF, Abdel-Aal SM, Ibrahim ME, Monneveux P (2017). Variation of yield, milling, technological and rheological characteristics in some Egyptian bread wheat (Triticum aestivum l.) Cultivars. Emirates Journal of Food and Agriculture 22(2):84-90. https://doi.org/10.9755/ejfa.v22i2.4896

Seleiman MF, Kheir AMS, Al-Dhumri S, Alghamdi AG, Omar E-SH, Aboelsoud HM, Abdella KA, Abou El Hassan WH (2019). Exploring optimal tillage improved soil characteristics and productivity of wheat irrigated with different water qualities. Agronomy 9(5):233. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy9050233

Snedecor GW (1956). Statistical Methods. Iowa State University Press, Iowa.

Taha RS, Seleiman MF, Shami A, Alhammad BA, Mahdi AHA (2021). Integrated application of selenium and silicon enhances growth and anatomical structure, antioxidant defense system and yield of wheat grown in salt-stressed soil. Plants 10(6):1040. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants10061040

Vinocur B, Altman A (2005). Recent advances in engineering plant tolerance to abiotic stress: achievements and limitations. Current Opinion Biotechnology 16(2):123-32. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.copbio.2005.02.001

Waterhouse AL (2002). Determination of total phenolics. Current Protocol in Food Analytical Chemistry 6(1):1-11. https://doi.org/10.1002/0471142913.fai0101s06

Yu L, Perret J, Davy B, Wilson J, Melby CL (2002). Antioxidant properties of cereal products. Journal of Food Science 67(7):2600-2603. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2621.2002.tb08784.x

Published

2023-06-15

How to Cite

MAJEED, Y., FIAZ, S., TENG, W., RASHEED, A., GILLANI, S. F., XI, Z., SELEIMAN, M. F., DIATTA, A. A., & GITARI, H. (2023). Evaluation of twenty genotypes of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) grown under heat stress during germination stage. Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca, 51(2), 13207. https://doi.org/10.15835/nbha51213207

Issue

Section

Research Articles
CITATION
DOI: 10.15835/nbha51213207

Most read articles by the same author(s)

<< < 1 2 3