UV-C treatments extend the postharvest quality of ‘0900 Ziraat’ sweet cherries by protecting the physical and biochemical features of the fruits during the storage


  • Sevil UNAL Selcuk University, Graduate School of Natural and Applied Science, 42075 Konya (TR)
  • Ferhan K. SABIR Selcuk University, Agriculture Faculty, Horticulture Department, 42075 Konya (TR)




fruit storage, fruit quality maintenance, postharvest physiology, Prunus avium L.


Sustainable practices to extend the postharvest quality of horticultural products lead to cost-effective marketing during the prolonged season. Sweet cherries are among the most commonly consumed and traded fruits worldwide although they necessarily deteriorate after harvest. In the present study, the effects of UV-C irradiation in different application durations along with modified atmosphere packaging (MAP) on quality maintenance of the ‘0900 Ziraat’ sweet cherries were investigated for two years (2018 and 2019). The fruits were divided into six application groups; (1) storage in plastic cups control, (2) using MAP (Xtend®) packages, (3) 5 min UV-C exposure, (4) 10 min UV-C, (5) 20 min UV-C, and (6) 30 min UV-C irradiation. Treatment of UV-C was performed at a 15 cm distance using a metal cabinet equipped with 8 UV-C lamps of 15 watts, 230V/50Hz at 254 nm wavelength. The sweet cherries were stored at 1 °C and 90% RH for 35 days. At the end of the storage, the greatest weight loss occurred in the control fruits, while the lowest loss was obtained from the fruits subjected to 10 min of UV-C for both years. Also, 10 min of UV-C provided the highest firmness value for both years. This treatment also has better effects on maintaining several quality features such as pedicel chlorophyll content, titratable acidity in fruit juice, and total phenolic contents compared to the control fruits. General findings indicated that 10 min UV-C irradiation would be a beneficial practice for extending the general quality features of ‘0900 Ziraat’ sweet cherry during cold storage up to 35 d.


Abdipour M, Malekhossini PS, Hosseinifarahi M, Radi M (2020). Integration of UV irradiation and chitosan coating: A powerful treatment for maintaining the postharvest quality of sweet cherry fruit. Scientia Horticulturae 264. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scienta.2020.109197

Alique R, Zamorano J, Martinez M, Alonso J (2005). Effect of heat and cold treatments on respiratory metabolism and shelf-life of sweet cherry, type picota cv Ambrunes. Postharvest Biology Technology 35:153-165. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.postharvbio.2004.07.003

Atkinson RG, Sutherland PW, Johnston SL, Gunaseelan K, Hallett IC, Mitra D, … Schaffer RJ (2012). Down-regulation of Polygalacturonase1 alters firmness, tensile strength and water loss in apple (Malus x domestica) fruit. BMC Plant Biology 12(1):1-13. http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2229/12/129

Baka M, Mercier J, Corcuff R, Castaigne F, Arul J (1999). Photochemical treatment to improve storability of fresh strawberries. Journal of Food Science 64(6):1068-1072. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2621.1999.tb12284.x

Bal E, Çelik S (2008). Effects of postharvest UV-C treatments on quality and cold storage of cv. Giant plum. Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi 14(2):101-107. https://doi.org/10.1501/Tarimbil_0000000506

Barreit DM, Gonzalez C (1994). Activity of softening enzymes during cherry maturation. Journal of Food Science 59(3):574-577. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2621.1994.tb05565.x

Benzie IF, Strain JJ (1996). The ferric reducing ability of plasma (FRAP) as a measure of “antioxidant power”: the FRAP assay. Analytical Biochemistry 239(1):70-76. https://doi.org/10.1006/abio.1996.0292

Chaovanalikit A, Wrolstad R (2004). Total anthocyanins and total phenolics of fresh and processed cherries and their antioxidant properties. Journal of Food Science 69(1):C67-C72. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2621.2004.tb17858.x

Cheng GW, Breen PJ (1991). Activity of phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (PAL) and concentrations of anthocyanins and phenolics in developing strawberry fruit. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science 116(5):865-869. https://doi.org/10.21273/JASHS.116.5.865

Chockchaisawasdee S, Golding JB, Vuong QV, Papoutsis K, Stathopoulos CE (2016). Sweet cherry: Composition, postharvest preservation, processing and trends for its future use. Trends in Food Science & Technology 55:72-83. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tifs.2016.07.002

Çınar S, Sabır F (2021). Effect of postharvest chitosan and Aloe vera applications on the quality of sweet cherry during cold storage. Alatarım 20(2):114-122.

Durmaz N (2019). The effects of hot water, hot water + UV-C and UV-C applications on modified atmosphere conditions in Starks gold cherry. Van Yüzüncü Yıl University, Horticulture Department, M. Sc. Thesis, pp 87.

Erkan M, Wang SY, Wang CY (2008). Effect of UV treatment on antioxidant capacity, antioxidant enzyme activity and decay in strawberry fruit. Postharvest Biology and Technology 48(2):163-171. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.postharvbio.2007.09.028

Faostat (2021). Agricultural production. Crops primary–cherries. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Accessed 11 2021. Available online: http://www.fao.org/faostat/en/#data/QC

García MA, Martino MN, Zaritzky NE (1998). Plasticized starch-based coatings to improve strawberry (Fragaria× ananassa) quality and stability. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 46(9):3758-3767. https://doi.org/10.1021/jf980014c

Gil MI, Selma, MV, López-Gálvez F, Allende A (2009). Fresh-cut product sanitation and wash water disinfection: problems and solutions, International Journal of Food Microbiology 134(1-2):37-45. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijfoodmicro.2009.05.021

Göksel Z (2011). Effects of some pre-treatments on storability of sweet cherries. PhD. Thesis, Ege University, İzmir.

González‐Aguilar G, Wang C, Buta J, Krizek D (2001). Use of UV‐C irradiation to prevent decay and maintain postharvest quality of ripe ‘Tommy Atkins’ mangoes. International Journal of Food Science & Technology 36(7):767-773. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2621.2001.00522.x

Gonzalez‐Aguilar G, Wang CY, Buta G (2004). UV‐C irradiation reduces breakdown and chilling injury of peaches during cold storage. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 84(5):415-422. https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.1675

González-Aguilar G, Zavaleta-Gatica R, Tiznado-Hernández M (2007). Improving postharvest quality of mango ‘Haden’ by UV-C treatment. Postharvest Biology and Technology 45(1):108-116. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.postharvbio.2007.01.012

Hayta E, Aday MS (2015). The effect of different electrolyzed water treatments on the quality and sensory attributes of sweet cherry during passive atmosphere packaging storage. Postharvest Biology and Technology 102:32-41. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.postharvbio.2015.02.009

Jaakola L (2013). Phenylpropanoid metabolism and biosynthesis of anthocyanins. In: The Molecular Biology and Biochemistry of Fruit Ripening, pp 117-134.

Kataoka I, Beppu K, Sugiyama A, Taira S (1996). Enhancement of coloration of ‘Satohnishiki’ sweet cherry fruit by postharvest irradiation with ultraviolet rays. Environment Control in Biology 34(4):313-319. https://doi.org/10.2525/ecb1963.34.313

Koçak H, Bal E (2017). Effects of postharvest UV-V and edible coating treatments on fruit quality and storage of sweet cherry. Türkiye Tarımsal Araştırmalar Dergisi 4(1):79-88. https://doi.org/10.19159/tutad.300716

Küçükbasmacı F, Özkaya O, Ağar T, Saks Y (2008). Effect of retail-size modified atmosphere packaging bags on postharvest storage and shelf-life quality of ‘0900 Ziraat’ sweet cherry. Acta Horticulturae 795:775-780. https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2008.795.124

Kupferman E, Sanderson P (2005). Temperature management and modified atmosphere packing to preserve sweet cherry fruit quality. Acta Horticulturae 667:523-528. https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2005.667.77

Lu X, Sun D, Li Y, Shi W, Sun G (2011). Pre-and postharvest salicylic acid treatments alleviate internal browning and maintain quality of winter pineapple fruit. Scientia Horticulturae 130(1):97-101. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scienta.2011.06.017

McGuire RG (1992). Reporting of objective color measurements. HortScience 27(12):1254-1255. https://doi.org/10.21273/HORTSCI.27.12.1254

Miller GL (1959). Use of dinitro salicylic acid reagent for determination of reducing sugar. Analytical Chemistry 31(3):426-428. https://doi.org/10.1021/ac60147a030

Pan J, Vicente AR, Martínez GA, Chaves AR, Civello PM (2004). Combined use of UV‐C irradiation and heat treatment to improve postharvest life of strawberry fruit. Journal of the Science of Food Agriculture 84(14):1831-1838. https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.1894

Pathak N, Sanwal G (1998). Multiple forms of polygalacturonase from banana fruits. Phytochemistry 48(2):249-255. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0031-9422(98)00005-3

Pinheiro J, Alegria C, Abreu M, Gonçalves EM, Silva CL (2015). Use of UV-C postharvest treatment for extending fresh whole tomato (Solanum lycopersicum, cv. Zinac) shelf-life. Journal of Food Science Technology 52(8):5066-5074. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13197-014-1550-0

Promyou S, Supapvanich S (2016). Physicochemical changes in ‘Kaew Kamin’ mango fruit illuminated with ultraviolet-C (UV-C) during storage. Journal of Agricultural Science Technology 18(1):145-154.

Rivera-Pastrana DM, Béjar AAG, Martínez-Téllez MA, Rivera-Domínguez M, González-Aguilar GA (2007). Efectos bioquímicos postcosecha de la irradiación UV-C en frutas y hortalizas. Revista Fitotecnia Mexicana 30(4):361-372.

Sabır FK, Genç F, Çavdarcı M (2018). Effects of postharvest UV-C treatments on storage duration and quality of strawberry. Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi 28(4):458-465. https://doi.org/10.29133/yyutbd.453408

Sabir FK, Sabir A, Unal S (2020). Chitosan coating and UV-C irradiation to maintain postharvest quality of minimally processed table grapes cv ‘Michele Palieri’. Erwerbs-Obstbau 62(1):35-42. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10341-020-00494-x

Şen F, Karaçalı İ (2005). The effects of Uv-C light and other protected treatments on quality and resistance capacity of satsuma mandarins. Derim 22(1):10-19.

Severo J, de Oliveira IR, Bott R, Le Bourvellec C, Renard CM, Page D, Chaves FC, Rombaldi CV (2017). Preharvest UV-C radiation impacts strawberry metabolite content and volatile organic compound production. LWT-Food Science and Technology 85:390-393. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lwt.2016.10.032

Singleton VL, Orthofer R, Lamuela-Raventós RM (1999). Analysis of total phenols and other oxidation substrates and antioxidants by means of folin-ciocalteu reagent. In: Methods in Enzymology. Elsevier, pp 152-178. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0076-6879(99)99017-1

Thaipong K, Boonprakob U, Crosby K, Cisneros-Zevallos L, Byrne DH (2006). Comparison of ABTS, DPPH, FRAP, and ORAC assays for estimating antioxidant activity from guava fruit extracts. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis 19(6-7):669-675. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jfca.2006.01.003

Turtoi M (2013). Ultraviolet light treatment of fresh fruits and vegetables surface: A review. Journal of Agroalimentary Processes and Technologies 19(3):325-337.

Turtoi M (2018). Ultraviolet light treatments. In: Pareek S (Ed). Novel Postharvest Treatments of Fresh Produce. CRC Press Taylor & Francis Group, pp 341-401.

Urban L, Charles F, de Mirand MRA, Aarrouf J (2016). Understanding the physiological effects of UV-C light and exploiting its agronomic potential before and after harvest. Plant Physiology and Biochemistry 105:1-11. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.plaphy.2016.04.004

Usall J, Ippolito A, Sisquella M, Neri F (2016). Physical treatments to control postharvest diseases of fresh fruits and vegetables. Postharvest Biology and Technology 122:30-40. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.postharvbio.2016.05.002

Valero D (2017). Maintenance of sweet cherry quality attributes as affected by innovative postharvest treatments. Acta Horticulturae 1161:475-482. https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2017.1161.76

Vallarino JG, Osorio S (2019). Organic acids. In: Yahia EM, Carrillo-López A (Eds). Postharvest Physiology and Biochemistry of Fruits and Vegetables. Elsevier, pp 207-224. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-813278-4.00002-6

Wani AA, Singh P, Gul K, Wani MH, Langowski H (2014). Sweet cherry (Prunus avium): Critical factors affecting the composition and shelf life. Food Packaging and Shelf Life 1(1):86-99. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fpsl.2014.01.005

Xu F, Liu S (2017). Control of postharvest quality in blueberry fruit by combined 1-methylcyclopropene (1-MCP) and UV-C irradiation. Food Bioprocess Technology 10(9):1695-1703. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11947-017-1935-y

Xu F, Wang S, Xu J, Liu S, Li G (2016). Effects of combined aqueous chlorine dioxide and UV-C on shelf-life quality of blueberries. Postharvest Biology and Technology 117:125-131. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.postharvbio.2016.01.012

Zhang Q, Yang W, Liu J, Liu H, Lv Z, Zhang C, Chen D, Jiao Z (2021). Postharvest UV-C irradiation increased the flavonoids and anthocyanins accumulation, phenylpropanoid pathway gene expression, and antioxidant activity in sweet cherries (Prunus avium L.). Postharvest Biology and Technology 175:111490. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.postharvbio.2021.111490



How to Cite

UNAL, S., & SABIR, F. K. (2023). UV-C treatments extend the postharvest quality of ‘0900 Ziraat’ sweet cherries by protecting the physical and biochemical features of the fruits during the storage. Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca, 51(1), 13037. https://doi.org/10.15835/nbha51113037



Research Articles
DOI: 10.15835/nbha51113037