Combining ability and heterosis for fiber color and quality in cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.)
Keywords:Cotton, Diallel analysis, fiber color properties, inheritance
The interest in organic cotton (colored) has been increased due to high contamination and environmental pollution during fabric dying process. However, detailed studies are needed to determine the genetic and yield related traits. Eight different cotton genotypes (3 green, 3 brown and 2 white) with known fiber color values were used in the current study to record combining ability and heterosis for fiber colour and quality traits. An 8×8 half diallel hybrid population containing 28 F1 hybrids was analysed in the experimental area of GAP Agricultural Research Institute, Şanlıurfa, Turkey. The study including parents and hybrids was established in a randomized complete block design with three replications. The main aim was to examine the genetic structure for studied traits in the populations developed and detecting F1 hybrid vigour. Finding appropriate parent and hybrid combinations for breeding studies was the second major aim of the study. Sufficient variations were noted for the studied traits in hybrid population formed. Genetic parameters such as general and special compatibility abilities, heterosis and heterobeltiosis values were recorded in the formed population. Fiber length (mm), fiber fineness (micronaire), fiber strength (g tex-1), fiber uniformity (%), fiber color values L* (brightness), a* (red-greenness) and b* (yellow-blueness) values were recorded. It was noted that additive genetic effects were important for fiber length, fiber fineness, fiber strength, L*, a* and b* traits.
Akgöl B (2012). Inheritance of drought resistance, yield and quality parameters in cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) Çukurova University Institute of Natural and Applied Sciences Department of Field Crops. Ph.D. Thesis (Turkish).
Al-Enani F, Atta Y (1990). Genetics analysis of some economic characters in cross in Egyptian cotton. Bulletin of Faculty of Agriculture, Cairo University 37(1):309-319.
Cheatham C, Jenkins J, McCarthy J, Watson C, Wu J (2003). Genetic variances and combining ability of crosses of American cultivars. The Journal of Cotton Science 7:16-22.
Çiçek S, Kaynak M (2008). Determination of inheritance of some important agronomical and technological properties in the diallel crosses of some varieties belong to different cotton species. Aydın Adnan Menderes University Journal Faculty of Agriculture 5(1):45-52.
Ekinci R, Başbağ S (2018). Combining ability analysis and heterotic effects for cotton fiber quality traits. Ekin International Biannual Peer-Reviewed Journal 4(2):20-25.
Gergerli B, Yılmaz A, Yıldırım M (2018). Combining abilities and heterotic effects for certain fiber properties in half-diallel cotton (G. hirsutum L.) hybrid populations. DUFED 7(2):67-73. (in Turkish)
Gotmare V, Singh P, Tule B (2021). Wild and cultivated species of cotton. Technical Bulletin; Central Institute for Cotton Research: Nagpur, India.
Griffing B (1956). Concept of general and specific combining ability in relation to diallel crossing systems. Australian Journal of Biological Sciences 9:463-493.
Gülyaşar F (1987). Studies on the inheritance of important agricultural and technological traits in the population created by crossbreeding of regional standard cotton varieties (Gossypium hirsutum L.) and some pest resistant varieties (Gossypium hirsutum L.) in Çukurova. Çukurova University Institute of Natural and Applied Sciences Department of Field Crops, Ph.D. Thesis (Turkish).
Güngör H, Efe L (2016). Estimating of inheritance of fiber traits in cotton by diallel cross analysis. Derim Journal 33(2):309-326.
Hallauer A, Miranda J (1981). Quantitative genetics in maize breeding. Lowa State Uni. Press Ames. USA.
Hayman B (1954). The theory and analysis of diallel crosses. Genetics 39:789-809. https://doi.org/10.1093/genetics/39.6.789
Handayani W, Kristijanto AI, Hunga AIR (2018). Are natural dyes eco-friendly? A case study on water usage and wastewater characteristics of batik production by natural dyes application. Sustainable Water Resources Management 4(4):1011-1021. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40899-018-0217-9
Kaiser N, Douches D, Dhingra A, Glenn KC, Herzig PR, Stowe EC, Swarup S (2020). The role of conventional plant breeding in ensuring safe levels of naturally occurring toxins in food crops. Trends in Food Science & Technology 100:51-66. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tifs.2020.03.042
Kanoktip K (1987). Study on the inheritance of certain agronomic characteristics in cotton. Field Crops Abstract 92-073564.
Karademir Ç, Karademir E, Ekinci R, Gencer O (2009). Combining ability estimates and heterosis for yield and fiber quality of cotton in line x tester design. Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca 37(2):228-233. https://doi.org/10.15835/nbha3723071
Karademir E (2005). Assessment of yield, earliness and fiber quality properties in the F1 generations obtained crosses of multi adversity resistance (MAR) cotton varieties and regional varieties. Çukurova University Institute of Natural and Applied Sciences Department of Field Crops, Ph.D. Thesis (Turkish).
Kumar K, Ashokkumar K, Ravikesavan R (2013). Genetic effects of combining ability studies for yield and fibre quality traits in diallel crosses of upland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.). African Journal of Biotechnology 13(1):119-126. https://doi.org/10.5897/AJB2013.13079
Luckett D (1989). Diallel analysis of yield components, fibre quality and bacterial blight resistance using spaced plants of cotton. Euphytica 44:11-21. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00022594
Matusiak M, Walawska A (2010). Important aspects of cotton colour measurement. Fibres & Textiles in Eastern Europe 18(3):17-23.
Meredith W, Bridge R (1972). Heterosis and gene action in cotton, Gossypium hirsutum L. Crop Science 12(3):304-310. https://doi.org/10.2135/cropsci1972.0011183X001200030015x
Oğlakçi M, Tiryaki I (2014). Plant Breeding. Akademisyen Publication, Ankara-Turkey.
Özcan K, Açikgöz N (1999) A statistical package program for population genetics. Computer Applications in Agriculture Symposium, 3-6 October 1999, Çukuova University, Faculty of Agriculture, Adana-Turkey.
Singh R, Chaudhary B (1985). Biometrical Methods in Quantitative Genetic Analysis. New Delhi: Kalyani Publishers (third edition), India.
Subhan M, Qasim M, Ahmad R, Khan M (2003). Combining ability for yield and its components in upland cotton. Asian Journal of Plant 2 (7):519-522. https://doi.org/10.3923/ajps.2003.519.522
Singh P, Singh VV, Waghmare VN (2001). Naturally coloured cotton. CICR Technical Bulletin, no 4.
Şehirali S, Özgen A (2013). Plant Breeding. Ankara University Faculty of Agriculture Publication, Number: 971, Ankara-Turkey.
Tariq M, Khan M, Sadaqat H, Jamil T (1992). Genetic component analysis in upland cotton. ournal of Agricultural Research (Pakistan) 30:439-445.
Temiz MG (2003). A Study on the inheritance of agricultural and technological traits in cotton (Gossypium ssp.), line x tester hybrids. Çukurova University Institute of Natural and Applied Sciences Department of Field Crops, Ph.D. Thesis (Turkish).
Toklu P (1999). A research on the morphological, physiological and technological properties of two cotton varieties with colored fibers from Gossypium hirsutum L. and Gossypium barbadense L. species and the F1 hybrid power of these two species. Çukurova University Institute of Natural and Applied Sciences Department of Field Crops, Master's Thesis (Turkish).
Ünay A (1993). Investigations on the inheritance of earliness and certain agronomic characters in cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.). Trakya University Institute of Natural and Applied Sciences Department of Field Crops, Ph.D. Thesis (Turkish).
Ünay A, Özbek N, Çınar, V (2019). Line x tester analysis for yield and fiber quality in cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.). Turkish Journal of Field Crops 215-220. https://doi.org/10.17557/tjfc.509134
Xu B, Huang Y, Watson MD (2001). Cotton color distributions in the CIE L* a* b* system. Textile Research Journal 71(11):1010-1015.
Xu B, Fang R, Watson M (1998). Cotton color measurements by an imaging colorimeter. Textile Research Journal 68(5):351-358. https://doi.org/10.1177/004051759806800505
Yıldırım M, Öztürk A, İkiz F, Püskülcü H (1979). Statistical-Genetic Methods in Plant Breeding. Ministry of Agriclture, Agricultural Research General Directorate Publication No: 163, İzmir-Turkey.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2022 Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Open Access Journal:
The journal allows the author(s) to retain publishing rights without restriction. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author.