Response of common bean to plant growth promoting rhizobacteria under different levels of phosphorus
Keywords:PGPR, phosphorus doses, plant nutrition element, yield, yield components
The usage of biofertilizer as alternative or support to mineral fertilizer encourage continuously due to fertilizer cost and environmental pollution. The effect of three phosphorus doses (0, 30, and 60 kg ha-1 P2O5) with a control and different commercial biofertilizers, Bontera (Bacillus amyloliquefociens, Bacillus pumilus, Bacillus subtilis, Bacillus licheniformis, Bacillus megaterium, Trichoderma harzianum, Trichoderma kanigi), Bactoboost (Bacillus subtilis, Bacillus magaterium, Loctococcus spp.), Koklendirici (Bacillus subtilis, Bacillus magaterium, Loctococcus spp.), Lifebac NP (Bacillus subtilis, Bacillus magaterium), natural organic matter and humic substances (NSAH) (15% organic matter, 6% organic carbon, 13% humic + fulvic acid), and Rhizobia (Rhizobium leguminosorum)) were investigated. Increasing phosphorus doses positively affected all the investigated characters. Koklendirici biofertilizer positively affected the important yield components, but highest grain yield was determined in the NSAH plots. Increasing phosphorus (P) doses did not affect nitrogen (N), potassium (K), magnesium (Mg), and copper (Cu) contents of the grain while phosphorus, calcium (Ca), iron (Fe), manganese (Mn), and zinc (Zn) contents showed an increase. Difference in climate might have influenced these results. These results indicated that understanding of bio and mineral fertilizer would enable us to use biofertilizer as an alternative to mineral fertilizer to common bean production.
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