The pivotal role of biochar in enhancement soil properties, morphophysiological and yield characters of barley plants under drought stress

Authors

  • Khaled ABDELAAL Kafrelsheikh University, Faculty of Agriculture, Agricultural Botany Department, EPCRS Excellence Center, Plant Pathology and Biotechnology Laboratory, 33516 (EC)
  • Salman ALAMREY King Saud University, College of Science, Department of Biochemistry, P.O. Box 2455, Riyadh 11451, Riyadh (SA)
  • Kotb A. ATTIA King Saud University, Center of Excellence in Biotechnology Research, P.O. Box 2455-11451, Riyadh 11451; RRTC, Institute of Field Crops, Department of Rice Biotechnology, ARC, Sakha, 33177, Kafrelsheikh (SA)
  • Mohamed ELROBH King Saud University, College of Science, Department of Biochemistry, P.O. Box 2455, Riyadh 11451, Riyadh (SA)
  • Nihal ELNAHHAS Alexandria University, Faculty of Science, Department of Botany and Microbiology, Alexandria 21526 (EG)
  • Ahmed ABOU EL-YAZIED Ain Shams University, Department of Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, Cairo 11566 (EG)
  • Mervat A.R. IBRAHIM Ain Shams University, Faculty of Agriculture, Biochemistry Department (EG)

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.15835/nbha50212710

Keywords:

antioxidants, barley, biochar, drought, ; electrolyte leakage, lipid peroxidation

Abstract

Drought is one of the most harmful abiotic stresses in arid and semiarid regions, so, field experiments were performed to examine biochar impact (15 or 20 t ha−1) on soil properties, physiological, morphological, and yield of barley under drought conditions. Our results displayed that drought caused a remarkable decrease in stem height and leaf area. Additionally, relative water contents (RWC%), chlorophyll a and b concentrations, as well as yield parameters were significantly reduced under drought. Conversely, lipid peroxidation (MDA), electrolyte leakage (EL%), and enzymatic activity were significantly augmented in the stressed plants during both seasons. Application of biochar led to improve leaves number (15.3), stem height (57%) and leaf area. Also, physiological characters like chlorophyll (72%) and RWC (33%), as well as yield, were increased considerably. Contrariwise, MDA and EL were reduced significantly (47 and 54%) under biochar application; furthermore, biochar led to regulate peroxidase and catalase activity in the stressed plants. It is concluded that biochar treatment can significantly improve soil properties, particularly soil EC (dSm-1), soil organic matter % and soil pH as well as increase yield characters via improving stress tolerance of barley under drought conditions; the best treatment was 20 t biochar ha−1 in the plants irrigated twice.

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References

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Published

2022-06-30

How to Cite

ABDELAAL, K., ALAMREY, S., ATTIA, K. A., ELROBH, M., ELNAHHAS, N., ABOU EL-YAZIED, A., & IBRAHIM, M. A. (2022). The pivotal role of biochar in enhancement soil properties, morphophysiological and yield characters of barley plants under drought stress. Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca, 50(2), 12710. https://doi.org/10.15835/nbha50212710

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Research Articles
CITATION
DOI: 10.15835/nbha50212710