Effect of Rosa gorenkensis Besser aqueous extracts on germination and early growth of native plant species


  • Agnieszka TATOJ Pedagogical University of Krakow, Department of Botany, Institute of Biology, Podchorążych 2 St., 30-084 Kraków (PL)
  • Katarzyna MOŻDŻEŃ Pedagogical University of Krakow, Department of Plant Physiology, Institute of Biology, Podchorążych 2 St., 30-084 Kraków (PL)
  • Beata BARABASZ-KRASNY Pedagogical University of Krakow, Department of Botany, Institute of Biology, Podchorążych 2 St., 30-084 Kraków (PL)
  • Anna SOŁTYS-LELEK Ojców National Park, 32-045 Sułoszowa, Ojców 9 (PL)
  • Wojciech GRUSZKA Poznań University School of Physical Education, Faculty of Physical Culture in Gorzów Wlkp., Department of Biological Sciences, Estkowskiego 13, 66-400 Gorzów Wielkopolski (PL)
  • Peiman ZANDI Yibin University, International Faculty of Applied Technology, Yibin 644000, China (CN)




alien species, allelopathy, biomass, electrolyte leakage, invasion, seedlings


In Europe, Rosa gorenkensis Besser is considered an invasive species. However, its negative impact on native flora components or other habitat components has not been described so far. In the experiment, the germination reactions of mono- and dicotyledonous plant seeds to the aqueous extracts of R. gorenkensis were investigated to determine the allelopathic potential of this plant. Seeds of common plants – wild-growing Festuca rubra L. and cultivated Raphanus sativus L. var. radicula Pers. cv. ‘Rowa’ were treated with aqueous extracts from the roots, stalks, leaves, and flowers of rosa at concentrations of 1%, 2.5%, and 5%. Along with the increase in the concentration of allelochemical compounds in the extracts, the negative influence of the extracts on the germination capacity of the tested seeds species was found. Regardless of the type of extract, inhibition of the growth of the underground and aboveground parts of seedlings was also observed. Changes in biomass and water content, depending on the concentration and type of the extract, were found. The greatest differences in the electrolytes leakage in seedlings watered with 5% extracts were revealed. The study showed that the aqueous extracts of leaves and flowers of this species had the greatest allelopathic potential.


Metrics Loading ...


Adamowski W, Dworak L, Ramanjuk I (2002). Atlas of alien woody species of the Białowieża primaeval forest. Phytocoenosis 14:7-303.
Association of Official Seed Analysis (AOSA) (1983). Seed Vigour Testing Handbook, Handbook on Seed Testing, Contribution no. 32.
Buhler DD, Kohler KA, Thompson RL (2001). Weed seed bank dynamics during a five-year crop rotation. Weed Technology 15:170-176. https://doi.org/10.1614/0890-037X(2001)015[0170:WSBDDA]2.0.CO;2
Coolbear P, Francis A, Grierson D (1984). The effect of low temperature pre-sowing treatment on the germination performance and membrane integrity of artificially aged tomato seeds. Journal of Experimental Botany 35(11):1609-1617. https://doi.org/10.1093/jxb/35.11.1609
Czarna A (2009). Rośliny naczyniowe środkowej Wielkopolski (Vascular plants of central Wielkopolska). Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Przyrodniczego, Poznań, Poland, pp 184.
Czarna A (2016). Roses (Rosa ssp.) in old cemeteries in the Wielkopolska Region (Poland). Annales Universitatis Mariae Curie-Sklodowska, sectio C – Biologia 71(2):7-31.
Demidchik V, Straltsova D, Medvedev SS, Pozhvanov GA, Sokolik A, Yurin V (2014). Stress induced electrolyte leakage: the role of K+-permeable channels and involvement in programmed cell death and metabolic adjustment. Journal of Experimental Botany 65(5):1259-1270. https://doi.org/10.1093/jxb/eru004
Gniazdowska A, Oracz K, Bogatek R (2004). Allelopatia – nowe interakcje oddziaływania pomiędzy roślinami (Allelopathy – new plant interactions). Kosmos 53(2):207-217.
Hobbs RJ, Humphries SE (1995). An integrated approach to the ecology and management of plant invasions. Biological Conservation 9:761-770. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1523-1739.1995.09040761.x
Hulme PE (2007). Biological invasions in Europe: drivers, pressures, states, impacts and responses. In: Hester R, Harrison, RM Eds. Biodiversity under Threat Iss. Environmental Science and Technology 25:56-80. https://doi.org/10.1039/9781847557650-00056
Jones KW, Sanders D (1987). The influence of soaking pepper seed in water or potassium salt solutions on germination at three temperatures. Journal of Seed Technology 11(1):97-102.
Kaszuba M, Viapiana A, Wesołowski M (2019). Dzika róża (Rosa canina L.) jako źródło witamin i przeciwutleniaczy w diecie człowieka (Rosehip (Rosa canina L.) as a source of vitamins and antioxidants in the human diet). Farmacja Polska 75(2):1-6. https://doi.org/10.32383/farmpol/116295
Khanh TD, Xuan TD, Chung IM, Tawata S (2008). Allelochemicals of barnyardgrass-infested soil and their activities on crops and weeds. Weed Biology and Management 8(4):267-275. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1445-6664.2008.00300.x
Kocheva KV, Georgiev GI, Kochev VK (2014). An improvement of the diffusion model for assessment of drought stress in plants tissues. Physiologia Plantarum 150:88-94. https://doi.org/10.1111/ppl.12074
Krawiec M, Dziwulska-Hunek A, Kornarzyński K, Palonka S (2012). Effect of selected physical factors on radish (Raphanus sativus L.) seeds germination. Acta Agrophysica 19(4):737-748.
Kucharczyk M (2001). Distribution atlas of vascular plants in the middle Vistula River valley. Maria Curie-Skłodowska University Press, Lublin, Poland, pp 395.
Kurtto A (2009). Rosaceae (pro parte majore). W: Euro+Med Plantbase – the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity. Retrieved 2021 May 15 from: http://ww2.bgbm.org/EuroPlusMed/results
Mack RN, Simberloff DS, Lonsdale WM, Evans H, Clout M, Bazzaz FA (2000). Biotic invasions: Causes, epidemiology, global consequences, and control. Ecological Applications 10:689-710. https://doi.org/10.1890/1051-0761(2000)010[0689:BICEGC]2.0.CO;2
Marciniuk P (2011). Rodzaj Rosa (Rosaceae) na Wysoczyźnie Ciechanowskiej (Genus Rosa (Rosaceae) on the Ciechanów Upland). Fragmenta Floristica et Geobotanica Polonica 18(1):17-20.
Marciniuk P, Marciniuk J, Oklejewicz K, Wolanin M (2011). Występowanie Rosa gorenkensis (Rosaceae) w Polsce (Occurrence of Rosa gorenkensis (Rosaceae) in Poland). Acta Botanica Silesiaca 7:241-244.
Mazur A (2019). The role of seed coat in the germination and early stages of growth of bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) in the presence of chickweed (Stellaria media (L.) Vill.). AUPC Studia Naturae 4(1):103-118. https://doi.org/10.24917/25438832.4.6
Mominul Islam AKM, Kato-Noguchi H (2012). Allelopathic potentiality of medicinal plant Leucas aspera. International Journal of Agricultural Sustainability 4(1):1-7.
Możdżeń K, Barabasz-Krasny B, Zandi P, Kliszcz A, Puła J (2020). Effect of aqueous extracts from Solidago canadensis L. leaves on germination and early growth stages of three cultivars of Raphanus sativus L. var. radicula Pers. Plants 9:1549. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants9111549
Możdżeń K, Tatoj A, Barabasz-Krasny B, Sołtys-Lelek A, Gruszka W, Zandi P (2021). The allelopathic potential of Rosa blanda Aiton on selected wild-growing native and cultivated plants in Europe. Plants 10:1806. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants10091806
Nilsson M, Wardle DA (2005). Understory vegetation as a forest ecosystem driver: evidence from the northern Swedish boreal forest. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 3:421-428. https://doi.org/10.1890/1540-9295(2005)003[0421:UVAAFE]2.0.CO;2
Nobis M (2007). Rośliny naczyniowe zachodniej części Przedgórza Iłżeckiego (Wyżyna Małopolska) (Vascular plants in the western part of the Iłżeckie Przedgórze (Małopolska Upland)). Prace Botaniczne Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego 40:1-458.
Orchard T (1977). Estimating the parameters of plant seedling emergence. Seed Science and Technology 5(1):61-69.
Pandey VK, Dixit V, Shyam R (2008). Chromium (VI) induced changes in growth and root plasma membrane redox activities in pea plants. Protoplasma, 235: 49-55. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00709-008-0028-1
Parker IM, Simberloff D, Lonsdale WM, Goodell K, Wohnam M, Kareiva PM, … Goldwasser L (1999). Impact: toward a framework for understanding the ecological effects of invaders. Biological Invasions 1(1):3-19. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1010034312781
Patrzałek A (2000). Gatunki i odmiany traw dla celów specjalnych i ich użytkowanie (Species and varieties of grasses for special purposes and their use). Grassland Science in Poland 3:105-118.
Piwowarski B (2013). Rozmieszczenie Rosa gorenkensis Besser w Polsce – uzupełnienie i nowe stanowiska (The distribution of Rosa gorenkensis Besser in Poland – supplement and new stands). Rocznik Polskiego Towarzystwa Dendrologicznego 61:29-30.
Popek R (2007). Dziko rosnące róże Europy (Wild roses of Europe). Officina Botanica, Kraków, Poland, pp 119.
Pyšek P, Lambdon PW, Arianoutsou M, Kühn I, PinoJ, Winter M (2009). Alien vascular plants of Europe. In Handbook of Alien Species in Europe. Invading Nature – Springer Series in Invasion Ecology, Volume 3. Springer, Dordrecht. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-8280-1_4
Ranal MA, Santana DG (2006). How and why to measure the germination process? Revista Brasileira de Botânica 29:1-11.
Rhymer JM, Simberloff D (1996). Extinction by hybridization and introgression. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics 27(1):83-109. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.ecolsys.27.1.83
Richardson, D.M.; Pyšek, P (2006). Plant invasions: merging the concepts of species invasiveness and community invasibility. Progress in Physical Geography 30:409-443. https://doi.org/10.1191%2F0309133306pp490pr
Rosa gorenkensis Besser in GBIF Secretariat (2021). GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset Available online: https://doi.org/10.15468/39omei. Retrieved 2021 Dec 08 from: https://www.gbif.org/species/3004747
Shaulo DN, Zykova EYu, Drachev NS, Kuzmin LV, Doronkin VM (2010). Floristic findings in West and Middle Siberia. Turczaninowia 13(3):77-91.
Sołtys-Lelek A (2012). Crataegus and Rosa genera in the Solec Basin and southern part of the Pińczów Hummock (Southern Poland). Biodiversity: Research and Conservation 25:55-66. https://doi.org/10.2478/v10119-012-0010-9
Souza ML, Fagundes M (2004). Seed size as key factor in germination and seedling development of Copaifera langsdorffii (Fabaceae). American Journal of Plant Sciences 5:2566-2573. https://doi.org/10.4236/ajps.2014.517270
StatSoft Inc. (2018). STATISTICA Data Analysis Software System, Version 13.1. http://www.statsoft.com
Tokarska-Guzik B, Dajdok Z, Zając M, Zając A, Urbisz A, Danielewicz W, Hołdyński C (2012). Rośliny obcego pochodzenia w Polsce ze szczególnym uwzględnieniem gatunków inwazyjnych (Plants of foreign origin in Poland, with particular emphasis on invasive species). Generalna Dyrekcja Ochrony Środowiska, Warszawa, Poland, pp 197.
Tzvelev NN (2001). Rosa gorenkensis, In: Tzvelev NN Ed. Flora Europae Orientalis. Petropoli, Mir i Semia 10:333-345.
Zieliński J (1987). Rosa L. In Jasiewicz A Ed. Flora of Poland. Institute of Botany, Polish Academy of Sciences, Kraków, Poland, pp 5:48.



How to Cite

TATOJ, A., MOŻDŻEŃ, K., BARABASZ-KRASNY, B., SOŁTYS-LELEK, A., GRUSZKA, W., & ZANDI, P. (2022). Effect of Rosa gorenkensis Besser aqueous extracts on germination and early growth of native plant species. Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca, 50(1), 12668. https://doi.org/10.15835/nbha50112668



Research Articles
DOI: 10.15835/nbha50112668

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 > >>