Gene mining and functional analysis related to maize (Zea mays L.) seed size


  • Syed F.A. GILLANI Gansu Agricultural University, College of Agronomy, Lanzhou 730070; Gansu Provincial Key Lab of Arid Land Crop Science, Lanzhou 730070 (CN)
  • Adnan RASHEED Jiangxi Agricultural University, Ministry of Education/ College of Agronomy, Key Laboratory of Crop Physiology, Ecology and Genetic Breeding, Nanchang 330045 (CN)
  • Yasir MAJEED Gansu Agricultural University, College of Agronomy, Lanzhou 730070 (CN)
  • Shamshad S. BUKHARI Nuclear Atomic Energy Institute of Agriculture, Tandojam Sindh (PK)
  • Huma TARIQ University of Poonch Rawalakot Ajk Pakistan, Laboratory of Plant Breeding and Molecular Genetics, Azad, Kashmir (PK)
  • Shafiq-Ur-REHMAN University of Poonch Rawalakot Ajk Pakistan, Laboratory of Plant Breeding and Molecular Genetics, Azad, Kashmir (PK)
  • Zhan-Wu GAO Baicheng Normal University, Tourism and Geographical Science Institute, Baicheng 137000 (CN)



functional analysis, gene mining, maize, polymorphisms, Rhizobacteria


Maize has widely been studied as a model of plant-growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR). Here, the genome sequences of 9P. The strains, together with 26 other sequenced Maize were comparatively studied. Phylogenetic analysis of the concatenated 244 single-copy core genes suggests that the 9P. The strains and 5 other Paenibacillus spp., isolated from diverse geographic regions and ecological niches, formed a closely related clade (here it is called Poly-clade). Analysis of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) reveals local diversification of the 14 Poly-clade genomes. SNPs were not evenly distributed throughout the 14 genomes and the regions with high SNP density contain the genes related to secondary metabolism, including genes coding for polyketide. Recombination played an important role in the genetic diversity of this clade, although the rate of recombination was clearly lower than mutation. The distinction among people and different creatures can be gotten by relative examinations. This study reveals that both maize and its closely related species have plant growth promoting traits and they have great potential uses in agriculture and horticulture as PGPR.


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How to Cite

GILLANI, S. F., RASHEED, A., MAJEED, Y., BUKHARI, S. S., TARIQ, H., Shafiq-Ur-REHMAN, & GAO, Z.-W. (2023). Gene mining and functional analysis related to maize (Zea mays L.) seed size. Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca, 51(3), 12659.



Review Articles
DOI: 10.15835/nbha51312659

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