The essential oil composition of aerial parts of Artemisia austriaca Jacq. from three accessions of Northern Kazakhstan

Authors

  • Olessya ISSAYENKO Shoqan Ualikhanov Kokshetau University, Sadvakasov Agrotechnical Institute, Department of Ecology, Mining and Construction, Kokshetau (KZ)
  • Ashutosh PATHAK University of Rajasthan, Department of Botany, Jaipur 302004, Rajasthan (IN)
  • Svetlana KABANOVA A.N. Bukeikhan Kazakh Research Institute of Forestry and Agroforestry, Shchuchinsk (KZ)
  • Yana KREKOVA A.N. Bukeikhan Kazakh Research Institute of Forestry and Agroforestry, Shchuchinsk (KZ)
  • Andrey KABANOV A.N. Bukeikhan Kazakh Research Institute of Forestry and Agroforestry, Shchuchinsk (KZ)
  • Vitaliy KIRILLOV Shoqan Ualikhanov Kokshetau University, Sadvakasov Agrotechnical Institute, Department of Ecology, Mining and Construction, Kokshetau; A.N. Bukeikhan Kazakh Research Institute of Forestry and Agroforestry, Shchuchinsk (KZ)

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.15835/nbha50312658

Keywords:

1,8-cineole, Artemisia austriaca, essential oil, camphor, thujone

Abstract

In the flora of Kazakhstan there are many medicinal plants, of which the genus Artemisia (Asteraceae) includes 81 species. In the current study, chemical composition of essential oil from aerial parts of Artemisia austriaca Jacq. collected from different sites of Northern Kazakhstan was determined using GC-MS analysis. The chemical analysis demonstrated that the oil was dominated by oxygenated monoterpenes amounting to 39.49-59.20% with camphor (7.03-20.52%), 1,8-cineole (8.95-13.55%), α-thujone (3.16-25.78%) and β-thujone (0.87-9.92%) as major constituents. The results also suggested that there was difference in composition as well as amount among different sites depending on pH and organic matter of the soil. Further chemometric analysis using hierarchical cluster analysis (HCA) of A. austriaca essential oil compositions from the published literature as well as the composition from present study were used in order to demonstrate geographical variations in the composition of the essential oils. It showed the existence of two main clusters: mixture of α- and β-thujones (32.5±21.6%) / 1,8-cineole (13.9±7.8%) (Cluster I) and camphor (40.5±17.4%) / 1,8-cineole (19.4±9.5%) (Cluster II).

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References

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Published

2022-08-25

How to Cite

ISSAYENKO, O., PATHAK, A., KABANOVA, S., KREKOVA, Y., KABANOV, A., & KIRILLOV, V. (2022). The essential oil composition of aerial parts of Artemisia austriaca Jacq. from three accessions of Northern Kazakhstan. Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca, 50(3), 12658. https://doi.org/10.15835/nbha50312658

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DOI: 10.15835/nbha50312658