The effectiveness of Rhizobium bacteria on soil fertility and sustainable crop production under cover and catch crops management and green manuring

Authors

  • Wenli SUN Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Biotechnology Research Institute, Beijing 100081 (CN)
  • Mohamad H. SHAHRAJABIAN Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Biotechnology Research Institute, Beijing 100081 (CN)

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.15835/nbha50212560

Keywords:

catch crops, crop nutrition, cover crops, green manure, Rhizobium, soil fertility

Abstract

The ability of adaptation of Rhizobia in diverse environment namely, soil, rhizosphere and grown within legume roots may lead to nitrogen fixation, in a complicated process which contain a coordinated exchange of signal between plants and the symbionts. Green manures, cash and cover crops have significant role in soil fertility. Green manuring techniques also can decrease biomass burning known as main source of air pollutant in the atmosphere. Catch crops have positive effects on both physical and chemical properties of soil, subsequent crop yield, decrease nitrogen leaching into the ground water, decrease soil erosion, and decrease nitrogen losses in cropping systems. Cover crops are those crops which cover the ground and protect loss of plant nutrients, the soil from erosion, decrease rate of soil moisture by evaporation, lower ground temperature and improve weed control and nutrient recycling. Rhizobia produce Nod factors during the early development of nodules upon perception of flavonoid molecules secreted by legume roots, and Nod factor’s structure dependents on species, chemical, substitutions added which may influence legume specificity. The benefic effects of rhizobia may depend on rhizobium strain, the genotype of the legume, management practices and bio-physical environment. Rhizobium can directly promote both plant growth and plant health, and modulating root architecture and growth via the release of plant phytohormones. In this manuscript, we want to review the most important advantages and benefits of green manures, catch and cover crops with considering the positive effects of rhizobium on soil fertility and sustainable agricultural production.

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References

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Published

2022-05-23

How to Cite

SUN, W., & SHAHRAJABIAN, M. H. (2022). The effectiveness of Rhizobium bacteria on soil fertility and sustainable crop production under cover and catch crops management and green manuring. Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca, 50(2), 12560. https://doi.org/10.15835/nbha50212560

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Review Articles
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DOI: 10.15835/nbha50212560