Metal bioaccumulation, translocation and phytoremediation potential of some woody species at mine tailings

Keywords: bioaccumulation, metals, soil, translocation, woody species

Abstract

This study aimed to determine the concentrations of ten metals (Mn, Ni, Ca, Mg, Fe, Zn, Cr, Pb, Cd, Cu) in the soil at depths of 10 and 20 cm and selected plant species (Populus nigra L., Fraxinus ornus L., Salix alba L., Salix caprea L.), as well as to assess the ability of these plants of metal bioaccumulation, translocation and phytoremediation on the location of the mine pit and flotation tailings of the selected mine (in the center of the Republic of Serbia). The concentrations of Pb and Cu in the investigated soil at a depth of 10 cm were above remediation values stated in the regulations of the Republic of Serbia. At the same time, the concentration of Cd, Cr, Pb and Cu was above the limit values in both of the examined soil depths, while Ni in the soil at a depth of 10 cm was above the limit value determined in the Directives of the European Union. The species F. ornus shows the ability to phytoextract Ca, species P. nigra Zn, Ca and Cd, while both Salix species have the capacity to phytoextract Zn and Ca. The results showed that species S. alba is an efficient bioaccumulator of Mn, Fe, Cr, Pb, Zn and Ca, S. caprea of Fe, Cu, Cr, Mg and Pb, and P. nigra of Mn and Cd. The bioaccumulation and translocation of the investigated elements depend on plant species and their organ. The selection of plant species adequate for remediation should take this into account.

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Published
2021-11-25
How to Cite
BRKOVIĆ, D. L., BOŠKOVIĆ RAKOČEVIĆ, L. S., MLADENOVIĆ, J. D., SIMIĆ, Z. B., GLIŠIĆ, R. M., GRBOVIĆ, F. J., & BRANKOVIĆ, S. R. (2021). Metal bioaccumulation, translocation and phytoremediation potential of some woody species at mine tailings. Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca, 49(4), 12487. https://doi.org/10.15835/nbha49412487
Section
Research Articles
CITATION
DOI: 10.15835/nbha49412487

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