Bacillus amyloliquefaciens as a halo-PGPB and chitosan effects in nutritional value and yield production of Asparagus officinalis L. under Sonora desert conditions

  • Jesús ORTEGA-GARCÍA Universidad de Sonora, Departamento de Ciencias Químico Biológicas y Agropecuarias de la Unidad Regional Norte (MX)
  • Ramón J. HOLGUÍN-PEÑA Centro de Investigaciones Biológicas del Noroeste, Programa de Agricultura en Zonas Áridas, Av. Instituto Politécnico Nacional 195 Col. Playa Palo de Santa Rita Sur, C.P. 23096, La Paz, Baja California Sur (MX)
  • Pablo PRECIADO-RANGEL Instituto Tecnológico Nacional de México - Instituto Tecnológico de Torreón, Torreón, Coahuila (MX)
  • Reyna R. GUILLÉN-ENRÍQUEZ Instituto Tecnológico Nacional de México - Instituto Tecnológico de Torreón, Torreón, Coahuila (MX)
  • Gerardo ZAPATA-SIFUENTES Instituto Tecnológico Nacional de México - Instituto Tecnológico de Torreón, Torreón, Coahuila (MX)
  • Juan M. NAVA-SANTOS Universidad Autónoma Agraria Antonio Narro. Unidad Laguna, Carretera periférico s/n. Colonia Valle Verde. CP: 27054 Torreón, Coahuila (MX)
  • Edgar O. RUEDA-PUENTE Universidad de Sonora, Departamento de Agricultura y Ganadería, Boulevard Luis Encinas y Rosales s/n. Col. Centro, C.P. 83000, Hermosillo, Sonora (MX)
Keywords: biofertilzer, halotolerant, mitigation, promoter effect, saline intrusion


Asparagus officinalis L. is a crop associated with arid and dry environments of arid deserts; its tender product is considered a gourmet food for its exclusive consumption and its high prices. Among the main attributes of this vegetable are being a product low in calories, fat and cholesterol, with a high content of vitamin C, as well as rich in potassium and calcium phosphate. The indiscriminate use of synthetic fertilizers in agricultural crop production systems, as well as the increasing dependence, they cause deterioration of the physical and chemical properties of the soil, in addition have a variable impact on the composition and functions of the soil microbiota. Under indigenous area “Seris” in Sonora desert conditions (salinity and high °C), var. ‘Early California’ of asparagus was biofertilized with Bacillus amyloliquefaciens (Ba) as a halo-PGPB and chitosan (QUI) to evaluate nutritional value and yield-production. Results showed that Ba and QUI in the vegetative period increased the emergence rate (≥15%), nitrates in sap (≥10%), fresh and root weight and crown (≥25%); significant values in its subsequent production stage of shoots for human consumption (proximal values such as protein (≥33%), and carbohydrates (≥20%), in addition to K+ (≥9%) and Vit C (≥15%) compared with the control, were obtained. These results express the possibility of using Bacillus amyloliquefaciens as a halo-PGPB and chitosan as a biofertilizer of marine origin in asparagus under Sonora desert conditions.


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How to Cite
ORTEGA-GARCÍA, J., HOLGUÍN-PEÑA, R. J., PRECIADO-RANGEL, P., GUILLÉN-ENRÍQUEZ, R. R., ZAPATA-SIFUENTES, G., NAVA-SANTOS, J. M., & RUEDA-PUENTE, E. O. (2021). Bacillus amyloliquefaciens as a halo-PGPB and chitosan effects in nutritional value and yield production of Asparagus officinalis L. under Sonora desert conditions. Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca, 49(3), 12414.
Research Articles
DOI: 10.15835/nbha49312414