Analysis of some physiological indicators in tomato plants to characterize the effects of additional lighting with blue, red and white LEDs

  • Silvana M. DĂNĂILĂ-GUIDEA University of Agronomic Sciences and Veterinary Medicine of Bucharest, Faculty of Biotechnology, 59 Mărăsti Blvd, District 1, Postal Code 011464, Bucharest (RO) https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0025-4580
  • Elena DELIAN University of Agronomic Sciences and Veterinary Medicine of Bucharest, Faculty of Horticulture, 59 Mărăsti Blvd, District 1, Postal Code 011464, Bucharest; Research Center for Studies of FoodQuality and Agricultural Products-Hortinvest, 59 Mărăști Blvd, District 1, Bucharest (RO)
  • Paul-Alexandru POPESCU University of Agronomic Sciences and Veterinary Medicine of Bucharest, Faculty of Biotechnology, 59 Mărăsti Blvd, District 1, Postal Code 011464, Bucharest (RO)
  • Mihaela-Cristina DRĂGHICI University of Agronomic Sciences and Veterinary Medicine of Bucharest, Faculty of Biotechnology, 59 Mărăsti Blvd, District 1, Postal Code 011464, Bucharest (RO)
  • Gabriela-Lucica MĂRGĂRIT University of Agronomic Sciences and Veterinary Medicine of Bucharest, Faculty of Biotechnology, 59 Mărăsti Blvd, District 1, Postal Code 011464, Bucharest (RO)
  • Elisabeta E. POPA University of Agronomic Sciences and Veterinary Medicine of Bucharest, Faculty of Biotechnology, 59 Mărăsti Blvd, District 1, Postal Code 011464, Bucharest (RO)
  • Ioana-Cătălina NICOLAE University of Agronomic Sciences and Veterinary Medicine of Bucharest, Faculty of Horticulture, 59 Mărăsti Blvd, District 1, Postal Code 011464, Bucharest; Research Center for Studies of FoodQuality and Agricultural Products-Hortinvest, 59 Mărăști Blvd, District 1, Bucharest (RO)
  • Liliana BĂDULESCU University of Agronomic Sciences and Veterinary Medicine of Bucharest, Faculty of Horticulture, 59 Mărăsti Blvd, District 1, Postal Code 011464, Bucharest; Research Center for Studies of FoodQuality and Agricultural Products-Hortinvest, 59 Mărăști Blvd, District 1, Bucharest (RO)
Keywords: light solutions, LEDs, tomato, physiological parameters

Abstract

The use of light-emitting diodes (LEDs) in vegetable species is one of the technological procedures applied to improve the spectral composition of light in protected areas, as well as to stimulate plant growth, obtaining high values of production and increasing resistance to conditions of culture. The biological material represented by tomato seedlings, from varieties with nutritional value and with high ecological plasticity, was studied in terms of characterizing the effects of applying the treatment using light fields emitted by blue, red and white LEDs, by analysis physiological parameters, such as: photosynthesis intensity (μmols CO2m-2s -1), transpiration intensity (mmoles H2O m-2s -1), stomatal conductance (mols H2O m-2s -1) and intercellular carbon dioxide (mmol CO2 mol-1 air). In this study, the estimation of the amount of total chlorophyll (mg m-2), was also investigated. The determinations of the physiological parameters were performed in 3 series, and the recorded results were statistically analysed, by expressing the significance of the differences between the control and the studied tomato varieties being studied. Thus, after the treatment period, applied in 23 days (Series II), with monochrome LEDs, at the level of the stomatal conductance parameter, statistically assured values were registered for the plants in the ‘L-75’ line exposed to White LED and for those in the ‘L-76’ line exposed to the Blue LED. The analysis of the results from the investigation of the physiological parameters at the level of the leaves from the experimental samples indicated that after 35 days (Series III), from the application of the treatments of 30 minutes/day, with White LED light, they ensured the plants tomatoes from the ‘L-76’ line, distinctly significantly positive values, compared to those of the control plants, at the intensity of photosynthesis and the internal concentration of CO2.

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Published
2021-05-13
How to Cite
DĂNĂILĂ-GUIDEA, S. M., DELIAN, E., POPESCU, P.-A., DRĂGHICI, M.-C., MĂRGĂRIT, G.-L., POPA, E. E., NICOLAE, I.-C., & BĂDULESCU, L. (2021). Analysis of some physiological indicators in tomato plants to characterize the effects of additional lighting with blue, red and white LEDs. Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca, 49(2), 12330. https://doi.org/10.15835/nbha49212330
Section
Research Articles
CITATION
DOI: 10.15835/nbha49212330