Light-emitting diode spectra modify nutritional status, physiological response, and secondary metabolites in Ficus hirta and Alpinia oxyphylla

  • Changwei ZHOU College of Life Science, Guizhou University, Guiyang 550025 (CN)
  • Chongfei SHANG College of Life Science, Guizhou University, Guiyang 550025 (CN)
  • Feiyu CHEN College of Life Science, Guizhou University, Guiyang 550025 (CN)
  • Junzhou BAO College of Life Science, Guizhou University, Guiyang 550025 (CN)
  • Lifei YU College of Life Science, Guizhou University, Guiyang 550025 (CN)
  • Peng GUO Environment and Resources College, Dalian Nationalities University, Dalian 116600 (CN)
Keywords: chlorophyll, flavonoid, light-emitting diode, medicinal plants, saponin, non-structural carbohydrate

Abstract

Lighting spectrum is one of the key factors that determine biomass production and secondary-metabolism accumulation in medicinal plants under artificial cultivation conditions. Ficus hirta and Alpinia oxyphylla seedlings were cultured with blue (10% red, 10% green, 70% blue), green (20% red, 10% green, 30% blue), and red-enriched (30% red, 10% green, 20% blue) lights in a wide bandwidth of 400-700 nm. F. hirta seedlings had lower diameter, fine root length, leaf area, biomass, shoot nutrient (N) and phosphorus concentrations in the blue-light spectrum compared to the red- and green-light spectra. In contrast, A. oxyphylla seedlings showed significantly higher concentrations of foliar flavonoids and saponins in red-light spectrum with rare responses in N, chlorophyll, soluble sugars, and starch concentrations. F. hirta is easily and negatively impacted by blue-light spectrum but A. oxyphylla is suitably used to produce flavonoid and saponins in red-light spectrum across a wide bandwidth.

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Published
2021-06-08
How to Cite
ZHOU, C., SHANG, C., CHEN, F., BAO, J., YU, L., & GUO, P. (2021). Light-emitting diode spectra modify nutritional status, physiological response, and secondary metabolites in Ficus hirta and Alpinia oxyphylla. Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca, 49(2), 12314. https://doi.org/10.15835/nbha49212314
Section
Research Articles
CITATION
DOI: 10.15835/nbha49212314