Exponential fertilization on red-seed tree (Ormosia hosiei) seedlings subjected to contrasting light conditions: Do we really need intensive nutrient loading?

  • Xiuli CHU Research Institute of Subtropical Forestry, Chinese Academy of Forestry, Zhejiang Provincial Key Laboratory of Tree Breeding, 31140, Hangzhou; Shanghai Botanical Garden, Shanghai Engineering Research Center of Sustainable Plant Innovation, 200231, Shanghai (CN)
  • Xianyou LUO Forestry Academy of Longquan City, Lishui 323700 (CN)
  • Zhichun ZHOU Research Institute of Subtropical Forestry, Chinese Academy of Forestry, Zhejiang Provincial Key Laboratory of Tree Breeding, 31140, Hangzhou (CN)
Keywords: antioxidant, nutrient loading, nursery culture, red-seed tree, vulnerable species

Abstract

Exponential fertilization (EF) can feed seedlings with more nutrients than needed for growth and continuous lighting is expected to reduce the risk of loading at high application rate. In this study, red-seed tree (Ormosia hosiei Hemsley & E. H. Wilson) seedlings were raised by EF at a low rate of 160 mg nitrogen (N) plant-1 (conventional) (N-phosphorus [P]-potassium [K], 12-9-12) and a high rate of 600 mg N plant-1 (intensive), which was adapted from previous studies with large-pot-seedlings. Both fertilizer regimes were nested to either of two light spectra from high-pressure sodium (HPS) and light-emitting diode (LED) sources with three replicates for each combined treatment. Seedlings subjected to the conventional regime in the LED spectrum showed better growth and greater biomass accumulation with higher leaf N and P contents than other ones. In the conventional fertilizer regime, the LED spectrum also resulted in higher photosynthesis shown by more pigments and higher N synthesis than the HPS spectrum. The HPS spectrum strengthened P synthesis in the intensive regime. The antioxidative activity was stimulated by a high dose of EF, hence excessive toxicity was likely induced. We recommend using the normal rate of 160 mg N plant-1 for the culture of red-seed tree seedlings with LED lighting to promote seedling quality without causing excessive nutrient toxicity.

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Published
2021-04-29
How to Cite
CHU, X., LUO, X., & ZHOU, Z. (2021). Exponential fertilization on red-seed tree (Ormosia hosiei) seedlings subjected to contrasting light conditions: Do we really need intensive nutrient loading?. Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca, 49(2), 12244. https://doi.org/10.15835/nbha49212244
Section
Research Articles
CITATION
DOI: 10.15835/nbha49212244