A biopolymer with antimicrobial properties and plant resistance inducer against phytopathogens: Chitosan

  • Juan A. TORRES-RODRIGUEZ Centro de Investigaciones Biológicas del Noroeste, La Paz, Baja California Sur, 23096
  • Juan J. REYES-PÉREZ Universidad Técnica Estatal de Quevedo, Quevedo EC 120501, Los Ríos
  • Thelma CASTELLANOS Centro de Investigaciones Biológicas del Noroeste, La Paz, Baja California Sur, 23096
  • Carlos ANGULO Centro de Investigaciones Biológicas del Noroeste, La Paz, Baja California Sur, 23096
  • Evangelina E. QUIÑONES-AGUILAR Centro de Investigaciones y Asistencia en Tecnología y Diseño del Estado de Jalisco, Guadalajara, 44270
  • Luis G. HERNANDEZ-MONTIEL Centro de Investigaciones Biológicas del Noroeste, La Paz, Baja California Sur, 23096
Keywords: antimicrobial activity; induced systemic resistance; main sources of chitin; fruit protection; chitosan nanoparticles

Abstract

Some synthetic fungicides have been currently prohibited due to their adverse effects; thus, searching for alternatives to decrease their application is a priority worldwide. An alternative to the application of synthetic fungicides is chitosan -a natural biopolymer- because of its biocompatibility, biodegradability, and bioactivity. Chitosan has been used in different industries, such as cosmetology, pharmaceutics, food, among others. In agriculture, it has been used as a resistance inductor and bio-fungicide because of its antimicrobial activity and for plant development as growth promoter. Although many works have been published on chitosan for its characteristics and mode of action, the direct effects on agriculture -both in plant and fruit phytopathogens- have not been reported. Therefore, the objective of this review is to summarize recent advances and achievements of chitosan application in agriculture with special attention to its antimicrobial properties and plant defence induction mechanisms.

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References

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Published
2021-03-02
How to Cite
TORRES-RODRIGUEZ, J. A., REYES-PÉREZ, J. J., CASTELLANOS, T., ANGULO, C., QUIÑONES-AGUILAR, E. E., & HERNANDEZ-MONTIEL, L. G. (2021). A biopolymer with antimicrobial properties and plant resistance inducer against phytopathogens: Chitosan. Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca, 49(1), 12231. https://doi.org/10.15835/nbha49112231
Section
Review Articles
CITATION
DOI: 10.15835/nbha49112231