Restorative regeneration of woody ornamental plants in the historical gardens of Peles Royal Castle, Romania

  • Elisabeta DOBRESCU University of Agronomic Sciences and Veterinary Medicine of Bucharest, Faculty of Horticulture, Department of Landscape architecture, Biodiversity and Ornamental plants, Bdul Mărăști, nr. 59, 011464, București
  • Cristina R. MĂNESCU University of Agronomic Sciences and Veterinary Medicine of Bucharest, Faculty of Horticulture, Department of Landscape architecture, Biodiversity and Ornamental plants, Bdul Mărăști, nr. 59, 011464, București
  • Mihaela I. GEORGESCU University of Agronomic Sciences and Veterinary Medicine of Bucharest, Faculty of Horticulture, Department of Landscape architecture, Biodiversity and Ornamental plants, Bdul Mărăști, nr. 59, 011464, București
  • Florin STĂNICĂ University of Agronomic Sciences and Veterinary Medicine of Bucharest, Faculty of Horticulture, Department of Bioengineering of Horti-Viticultural Systems, Bdul Mărăști, nr. 59, 011464, București
  • Ion TUCĂ University of Agronomic Sciences and Veterinary Medicine of Bucharest, Faculty of Horticulture, Department of Bioengineering of Horti-Viticultural Systems, Bdul Mărăști, nr. 59, 011464, București; Association for the Royal Heritage Peleș, Bdul Kiseleff, nr. 28, 011347, București
  • Sorina A. PETRA University of Agronomic Sciences and Veterinary Medicine of Bucharest, Faculty of Horticulture, Department of Landscape architecture, Biodiversity and Ornamental plants, Bdul Mărăști, nr. 59, 011464, București
  • Florin TOMA University of Agronomic Sciences and Veterinary Medicine of Bucharest, Faculty of Horticulture, Department of Landscape architecture, Biodiversity and Ornamental plants, Bdul Mărăști, nr. 59, 011464, București
  • Diana M. GÂDEA University of Agronomic Sciences and Veterinary Medicine of Bucharest, Faculty of Horticulture, Department of Landscape architecture, Biodiversity and Ornamental plants, Bdul Mărăști, nr. 59, 011464, București
Keywords: climatic changes; garden restoration; regenerative landscape; resilient ecosystem; shrub; terraces; trees

Abstract

Historical gardens’ restoration is a complex process including not only built features of the layout, but also vegetation. Climate changes, air pollution, new pests and other factors have an important impact on vegetation and make sometimes impossible to restore the garden to the original model. Therefore, vegetation restoration requires investigations, to establish the tendencies, dynamics and resilience of different species in the garden, and decisions to adopt sustainable solutions. Woody plants from Peleș Royal Castle Gardens (Sinaia, Romania) were investigated to reveal the diachronic transformations of the vegetation and to establish an objective starting point in garden restoration. Despite of decades of neglected maintenance, historical events and changes in building function, the garden has a considerable number of old valuable trees and shrubs. Woody plants located on terraces were in a significantly poorer condition compared with those planted on the lawn. Natural forest surrounding the garden and native species cultivated in the garden acted as a source of landscape regeneration. Climate changes, affecting the mountain zone, allow the cultivation of woody species of warmer climates. Results of present study will be essential for all the future decisions about woody vegetation and gardens restoration.

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Published
2021-03-08
How to Cite
DOBRESCU, E., MĂNESCU, C. R., GEORGESCU, M. I., STĂNICĂ, F., TUCĂ, I., PETRA, S. A., TOMA, F., & GÂDEA, D. M. (2021). Restorative regeneration of woody ornamental plants in the historical gardens of Peles Royal Castle, Romania. Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca, 49(1), 12223. https://doi.org/10.15835/nbha49112223
Section
Research Articles
CITATION
DOI: 10.15835/nbha49112223