Screening high potassium efficiency potato genotypes and physiological responses at different potassium levels
Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) growth and production is highly dependent on potassium (K) levels in the soil. Southwest China is the largest potato production region but it has low availability of soil potassium. To assess the genetic variation in K use efficiency, 20 potato genotypes were collected to compare the yield and K content in a pot experiment. Moreover, ‘Huayu-5’ and ‘Zhongshu-19’ were cultivated in five K applications to investigate the K distribution and sucrose in different organs. The results indicated that there were highly significant effects of K, genotype and K×G interactions on tuber yield, plant and tuber K content, plant K uptake efficiency and K harvest index. Cluster analysis classified 20 potato genotypes into four types: DH (high efficiency at low and high K application), LKH (high efficiency at low K application), HKH (high efficiency at high K application) and DL (low efficiency at low and high K application). The potassium distribution percentage in the tubers of the potassium-efficient genotype was higher than that of the potassium-inefficient genotype under low potassium application. The sucrose content in the tuber gently declined as the application of K rose in both cultivars, and that in the tuber of ‘Huayu-5’ was higher than that in ‘Zhongshu-19’. ‘Huayu-5’ reached the highest yield when the potassium application was 159.45 kg ha-1, and ‘Zhongshu-19’ reached the highest yield when the potassium application was 281.4 kg ha-1. This study indicated that genetic variation for K utilization efficiency existed among 20 genotypes, and yield in low K application and relative yield were suitable criteria for screening K utilization efficiency genotypes.
Adams E, Shin R (2014). Transport, signaling, and homeostasis of potassium and sodium in plants. Journal of Integrative Plant Biology 56(3):231-249. https://doi.org/10.1111/jipb.12159
Anschütz U, Becker D, Shabala S (2014). Going beyond nutrition: Regulation of potassium homoeostasis as a common denominator of plant adaptive responses to environment. Journal of Plant Physiology 171(9):670-687. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jplph.2014.01.009
Bilal HM, Aziz T, Maqsood MA, Farooq M (2019). Grain phosphorus and phytate contents of wheat genotypes released during last 6 decades and categorization of selected genotypes for phosphorus use efficiency. Archives of Agronomy and Soil Science 65(6):727-740. https://doi.org/10.1080/03650340.2018.1521957
Chen J, Gabelman WH (1995). Isolation of tomato strains varying in potassium acquisition using a sand-zeolite culture system. Plant and Soil 176(1): 65-70. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00017676
Chi Z (2007). Regulation of starch-sugar metabolism via repression of acid invertase in potato tubers. PhD Thesis, Huazhong Agricultural University.
Chiou T-J, Bush DR (1998). Sucrose is a signal molecule in assimilate partitioning. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 95(8):4784-4788. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.95.8.4784
Damon PM, Rengel Z (2007). Wheat genotypes differ in potassium efficiency under glasshouse and field conditions. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research 58(8):816-825. https://doi.org/10.1071/AR06402
Dandan H, Liguo J, Yonglin Q, Mingshou F (2019). Classification of potato cultivars by their nitrogen use efficiency. Acta Agronomica Sinica 1:17. https://doi.org/10.3724/SP.J.1006.2019.84059
Du F, Liu H, Yin X, Zhao Q, Shi C (2020). Potassium-mediated regulation of sucrose metabolism and storage root formation in sweet potato. Archives of Agronomy and Soil Science 1-11. https://doi.org/10.1080/03650340.2020.1751824
Duvick DN (2005). The contribution of breeding to yield advances in maize (Zea mays L.). Advances in Agronomy 86:83-145. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0065-2113(05)86002-X
Georgelis N, Scott J, Baldwin E (2004). Relationship of tomato fruit sugar concentration with physical and chemical traits and linkage of RAPD markers. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science 129(6):839-845. https://doi.org/10.21273/JASHS.129.6.0839
Greenwood DJ, Stellacci AM, Meacham MC, Broadley MR, White PJ (2005). Phosphorus response components of different Brassica oleracea genotypes are reproducible in different environments. Crop Science 45(5):1728-1735. https://doi.org/10.2135/cropsci2004.0484
Greenwood DJ, Stellacci AM, Meacham MC, Mead A, Broadley MR, White PJ (2006). Relative values of physiological parameters of P response of different genotypes can be measured in experiments with only two P treatments. Plant and Soil 281(1-2): 159-172. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11104-005-4082-6
Guoping Z, Jingxing C, Tirore EA (1999). Genotypic variation for potassium uptake and utilization efficiency in wheat. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems 54(1):41-48. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1009708012381
He P, Yang L, Xu X, Zhao S, Chen F, Li S, … Johnston AM (2015). Temporal and spatial variation of soil available potassium in China (1990–2012). Field Crops Research 173:49-56. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fcr.2015.01.003
Hu W, Coomer TD, Loka DA, Oosterhuis DM, Zhou Z (2017). Potassium deficiency affects the carbon-nitrogen balance in cotton leaves. Plant Physiology and Biochemistry 115: 408-417. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.plaphy.2017.04.005
Huo-Yan W, Jian-Min Z, Chang-Wen D, Xiao-Qin C (2010). Potassium fractions in soils as affected by monocalcium phosphate, ammonium sulfate, and potassium chloride application. Pedosphere 20(3):368-377. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1002-0160(10)60026-4
Jenkins PD, Mahmood S (2003). Dry matter production and partitioning in potato plants subjected to combined deficiencies of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium. Annals of Applied Biology 143(2):215-229. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-7348.2003.tb00288.x
Jia Y, Yang X, Islam E, Feng Y (2008). Effects of potassium deficiency on chloroplast ultrastructure and chlorophyll fluorescence in inefficient and efficient genotypes of rice. Journal of Plant Nutrition 31(12):2105-2118. https://doi.org/10.1080/01904160802459625
Jordan-Meille L, Pellerin S (2004). Leaf area establishment of a maize (Zea mays L.) field crop under potassium deficiency. Plant & Soil 265(1-2):75-92. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11104-005-0695-z
Keli L, Baolin Z, Julin G, Jinhua S (2003). Potassium absorption, accumulation and distribution of potato under dry farming. Chinese Potato Journal (6):331-335.
Keller M, Smithyman RP, Mills LJ (2008). Interactive effects of deficit irrigation and crop load on Cabernet Sauvignon in an arid climate. American Journal of Enology and Viticulture 59(3):221-234.
Kellermeier F, Chardon F, Amtmann A (2013). Natural Variation of Arabidopsis Root Architecture Reveals Complementing Adaptive Strategies to Potassium Starvation. Plant Physiology 161(3):1421-1432. https://doi.org/10.1104/pp.112.211144
Koch M, Busse M, Naumann M, Jákli B, Smit I, Cakmak I, Hermans C, Pawelzik E (2019). Differential effects of varied potassium and magnesium nutrition on production and partitioning of photoassimilates in potato plants. Physiologia Plantarum 166(4):921-935. https://doi.org/10.1111/ppl.12846
Liu C, Tu B, Wang X, Jin J, Li Y, Zhang Q, … Ma B (2019). Potassium translocation combined with specific root uptake is responsible for the high potassium efficiency in vegetable soybean. Crop and Pasture Science 70(6):516-525. https://doi.org/10.1071/CP19042
Martineau E, Domec J-C, Bosc A, Dannoura M, Gibon Y, Bénard C, Jordan-Meille L (2017). The role of potassium on maize leaf carbon exportation under drought condition. Acta Physiologiae Plantarum 39(10):219. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11738-017-2515-5
Mohammed N (2018). Exploring rice genetic resources to improve nutrient use efficiency. PhD Thesis, University of York.
Moll R, Kamprath E, Jackson W (1982). Analysis and interpretation of factors which contribute to efficiency of nitrogen utilization. Agronomy Journal 74(3):562-564. https://doi.org/10.2134/agronj1982.00021962007400030037x
Neirynck J, Maddelein D, De Keersmaeker L, Lust N, Muys B (1998). Biomass and nutrient cycling of a highly productive Corsican pine stand on former heathland in northern Belgium. Annales des Sciences Forestières; 55(4):389-405. https://doi.org/10.1051/forest:19980401
Nguyen GN, Panozzo J, Spangenberg G, Kant S (2016). Phenotyping approaches to evaluate nitrogen-use efficiency related traits of diverse wheat varieties under field conditions. Crop and Pasture Science 67(11):1139-1148. https://doi.org/10.1071/CP16173
Omondi JO, Lazarovitch N, Rachmilevitch S, Kukew T, Yermiyahu U, Yasuor H (2020). Potassium and storage root development: focusing on photosynthesis, metabolites and soluble carbohydrates in cassava. Physiologia Plantarum 169(2):169-178. https://doi.org/10.1111/ppl.13060
Reis Jr RDA, Monnerat PH (2000). Nutrient concentrations in potato stem, petiole and leaflet in response to potassium fertilizer. Scientia Agricola 57(2):251-255. https://doi.org/10.1590/S0103-90162000000200009
Rengel Z, Damon PM (2008). Crops and genotypes differ in efficiency of potassium uptake and use. Physiologia Plantarum. 133(4):624-636. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1399-3054.2008.01079.x
Rolland F, Moore B, Sheen J (2002). Sugar sensing and signaling in plants. The Plant Cell 14(1):S185-S205. https://doi.org/10.1105/tpc.010455
Saha M, Maurya BR, Bahadur I, Kumar A, Meena VS (2016). Can potassium-solubilising bacteria mitigate the potassium problems in India? Potassium solubilizing microorganisms for sustainable agriculture. Springer, pp 127-136. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-81-322-2776-2_9
Sandaña P (2016). Phosphorus uptake and utilization efficiency in response to potato genotype and phosphorus availability. European Journal of Agronomy 76:95-106. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eja.2016.02.003
Singh SK, Reddy VR, Fleisher DH, Timlin DJ (2014). Growth, nutrient dynamics, and efficiency responses to carbon dioxide and phosphorus nutrition in soybean. Journal of Plant Interactions 9(1):838-849. https://doi.org/10.1080/17429145.2014.959570
Song W, Xue R, Song Y, Bi Y, Zhang Y (2017). Differential response of first-order lateral root elongation to low potassium involves nitric oxide in two tobacco cultivars. Journal of Plant Growth Regulation 37(10):1-14. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00344-017-9711-9
Wang JD, Hou P, Zhu GP, Dong Y, Hui Z, Ma H, … Zhang Y (2017). Potassium partitioning and redistribution as a function of K-use efficiency under K deficiency in sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas L.). Field Crops Research 211:147-154. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fcr.2017.06.021
Woodend J, Glass A (1993). Genotype-environment interaction and correlation between vegetative and grain production measures of potassium use-efficiency in wheat (T. aestivum L.) grown under potassium stress. Plant and Soil 151(1):39-44. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00010784
Zelelew DZ, Lal S, Kidane TT, Ghebreslassie BM (2016). Effect of potassium levels on growth and productivity of potato varieties. American Journal of Plant Sciences 7(12):1629-1638. https://doi.org/10.4236/ajps.2016.712154
Zhang W, Liu X, Wang Q, Zhang H, Li M, Song B, Zhao Z (2018). Effects of potassium fertilization on potato starch physicochemical properties. International Journal of Biological Macromolecules 117:467-472. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2018.05.131
Zhou T, Du Y, Ahmed S, Liu T, Ren M, Liu W, Yang W (2016). Genotypic differences in phosphorus efficiency and the performance of physiological characteristics in response to low phosphorus stress of soybean in southwest of China. Frontiers in Plant Science 7:1776. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2016.01776
Zörb C, Senbayram M, Peiter E (2014). Potassium in agriculture-status and perspectives. Journal of Plant Physiology 171(9):656-669. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jplph.2013.08.008
Zushi K, Matsuzoe N (1998). Effect of soil water deficit on vitamin C, sugar, organic acid, amino acid and carotene contents of large-fruited tomatoes. Journal of the Japanese Society for Horticultural Science 67(6):927-933. https://doi.org/10.2503/jjshs.67.927
Copyright (c) 2021 Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Open Access Journal:
The journal allows the author(s) to retain publishing rights without restriction. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author.