Allelopathic influence of medicinal plant Filipendula vulgaris Moench on germination process

  • Michał FECOWICZ Jagiellonian University, Institute of Botany, Gronostajowa 3 St., 30-387 Kraków
  • Katarzyna MOŻDŻEŃ Pedagogical University of Krakow, Institute of Biology, Podchorążych 2 St., 30-084 Kraków
  • Beata BARABASZ-KRASNY Pedagogical University of Krakow, Institute of Biology, Podchorążych 2 St., 30-084 Kraków
  • Alina STACHURSKA-SWAKOŃ Jagiellonian University, Institute of Botany, Gronostajowa 3 St., 30-387 Kraków https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0381-4520
Keywords: dropwort; electrolyte leakage; germination; medicinal plant; seeds

Abstract

The allelopathic potential of medicinal plant Filipendula vulgaris Moench, originated from two natural habitats: calcareous grasslands and humid meadows, was investigated using radish (Raphanus sativus L. var. radicula Pers.) as a model plant. Suppression influence of aqueous extracts at concentrations: 1%, 5%, 10%, obtained separately from under and aboveground parts of the species, was studied testing germination capacity, biomass and biometry of seedling, and electrolyte leakage. Additionally, two cultivars of the radish were used to test the sensitivity of frequently used plant in the laboratory tests. This study revealed the inhibiting effect of high concentration aqueous extracts from F. vulgaris organs on the germination of radish. It was significant for seed vigour index, speed emergence, germination stress tolerance index, and mean germination time. However, the stimulating effect of 1% of aqueous extracts from dropwort roots and shoots on the germination indexes was documented. Similarly, low concentration extracts had a positive effect on seedling elongation which was visible in biometric analyses and inhibition percentage index but it was not so obvious in the biomass analyses. In general, the aboveground extracts from dropwort grown on calcareous grassland demonstrated higher allelopathic potential than extracts from underground parts and meadow habitat.

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References

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Published
2020-12-22
How to Cite
FECOWICZ, M., MOŻDŻEŃ, K., BARABASZ-KRASNY, B., & STACHURSKA-SWAKOŃ, A. (2020). Allelopathic influence of medicinal plant Filipendula vulgaris Moench on germination process. Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca, 48(4), 2032-2049. https://doi.org/10.15835/nbha48412148
Section
Research Articles

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