A critical review on the improvement of drought stress tolerance in rice (Oryza sativa L.)
Abiotic stresses are the primary threat to crop production across the globe. Drought stress is primary abiotic stress which is considerably limiting the global rice production and putting the food security at higher risks. Drought tolerance (DT) is a multigene trait which is influenced by various stages of development in rice plant. Tolerance as well as susceptibility of rice to drought stress is carried out by different drought-response genes and other components of stress. Plant researchers have used various methods such as, genetic manipulation and marker-assisted techniques for development of new rice cultivars with improved tolerance to drought stress. The aims of this review are to present recent advancements and illustrate current approaches to breed a robust drought-resistant rice genotypes by using classical breeding and advanced molecular techniques. We also shed light on all available information regarding the role of significant hormones in DT, QTL for drought-related traits, QTL for rice yield, global strategies for the improvement of DT in rice, DT genes, and selection supported by markers.
Rahim HA, Zarifth SK, Bhuiyan MAR, Narimah MK, Wickneswari R, Abdullah M, Abdullah MZ, ... Rusli I (2012). Evaluation and characterization of advanced rice mutant line of rice (Oryza sativa), MR219-4 and MR219-9 under drought condition. R and D Seminar 2012: Research and Development Seminar 2012, Malaysia.
Abdula SE, Lee HJ, Ryu H, Kang KK, Nou I, Sorrells ME, Cho Y (2016). The overexpression of the BrCIPK1 gene enhances abiotic stress tolerance by increasing proline biosynthesis in rice. Plant Molecular Biology Reporter 34:501-511.
Adamchuk VI, Hummel J, Morgan M, Upadhyaya S (2004). On-the-go soil sensors for precision agriculture. Computers and Electronics in Agriculture 44:71-91. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compag.2004.03.002
Ahmad P, Jamsheed S, Hameed A, Rasool S, Sharma I, Azooz M, Hasanuzzaman M (2014). Drought stress induced oxidative damage and antioxidants in plants. In: Oxidative damage to plants. Elsevier, pp 345-367.
Ahmed CB, Rouina BB, Sensoy S, Boukhris M, Abdallah FB (2009). Changes in gas exchange, proline accumulation and antioxidative enzyme activities in three olive cultivars under contrasting water availability regimes. Environmental and Experimental Botany 67:345-352. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envexpbot.2009.07.006
Ali M, Pathan M, Zhang J, Bai G, Sarkarung S, Nguyen H (2000). Mapping QTLs for root traits in a recombinant inbred population from two indica ecotypes in rice. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 101:756-766. https://doi.org/10.1007/s001220051541
Ashraf M, Harris PJ (2013). Photosynthesis under stressful environments: an overview. Photosynthetica 51:163-190. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11099-013-0021-6
Atkinson NJ, Urwin PE (2012). The interaction of plant biotic and abiotic stresses: from genes to the field. Journal of Experimental Botany 63:3523-3543. https://doi.org/10.1093/jxb/ers100
Bachem CW, Van Der Hoeven RS, De Bruijn SM, Vreugdenhil D, Zabeau M, Visser RG (1996). Visualization of differential gene expression using a novel method of RNA fingerprinting based on AFLP: analysis of gene expression during potato tuber development. The Plant Journal 9:745-753. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-313x.1996.9050745.x
Briglia N, Montanaro G, Petrozza A (2019). Drought phenotyping in Vitis vinifera using RGB and NIR imaging. Scientia Horticulturae 256:108555. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scienta.2019.108555
Basnayake J, Fukai S, Ouk M (2006). Contribution of potential yield, drought tolerance and escape to adaptation of 15 rice varieties in rainfed lowlands in Cambodia. In: Proceedings of the Australian Agronomy Conference, Australian Society of Agronomy, Birsbane, Australia.
Bernier J, Kumar A, Ramaiah V, Spaner D, Atlin G (2007). A large‐effect QTL for grain yield under reproductive‐stage drought stress in upland rice. Crop Science 47:507-516. https://doi.org/10.2135/cropsci2006.07.0495
Begum N, Ahanger MA, Su Y, Lei Y, Mustafa NSA, Ahmad P, Zhang L (2019). Improved drought tolerance by AMF inoculation in maize (Zea mays) involves physiological and biochemical implications. Plants 8(12):579. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants8120579
Bihani P, Char B, Bhargava S (2011). Transgenic expression of sorghum DREB2 in rice improves tolerance and yield under water limitation. The Journal of Agricultural Science 149:95. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0021859610000742
Biradar H, Karan R, Subudhi PK (2018) Transgene pyramiding of salt responsive protein 3-1 (sasrp3-1) and savhac1 from spartina alterniflora l. enhances salt tolerance in rice. Frontiers in Plant Sciences 9(7):1-14. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2018.01304
Bolaños J, Edmeades G (1993). Eight cycles of selection for drought tolerance in lowland tropical maize. II. Responses in reproductive behavior. Field Crops Research 31:253-268. https://doi.org/10.1016/0378-4290(93)90064-T
BP MS, Ahmed HU, Henry A, Mauleon R, Dixit S, Vikram P, ... Mandal NP (2013). Genetic, physiological, and gene expression analyses reveal that multiple QTL enhance yield of rice mega-variety IR64 under drought. PloS One 8:e62795. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0062795
Capell T, Bassie L, Christou P (2004). Modulation of the polyamine biosynthetic pathway in transgenic rice confers tolerance to drought stress. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 101:9909-9914. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0306974101
Centritto M, Lauteri M, Monteverdi MC, Serraj R (2009). Leaf gas exchange, carbon isotope discrimination, and grain yield in contrasting rice genotypes subjected to water deficits during the reproductive stage. Journal of Experimental Botany 60:2325-2339. https://doi.org/10.1093/jxb/erp123
Chapin III FS (1991) Integrated responses of plants to stress: a centralized system of physiological responses. Bioscience 41:29-36. https://doi.org/10.2307/1311538
Courtois B, McLaren G, Sinha P, Prasad K, Yadav R, Shen L (2000). Mapping QTLs associated with drought avoidance in upland rice. Molecular Breeding 6:55-66. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1009652326121
Catolos M, Sandhu N, Dixit S, Shamsudin NAA, Naredo MEB, McNally KL, ... Kumar A (2017). Genetic loci governing grain yield and root development under variable rice cultivation conditions. Frontiers in Plant Sciences https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2017.01763
Cramer MD, Hawkins HJ, Verboom GA (2009). The importance of nutritional regulation of plant water flux. Oecologia 161:15-24. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00442-009-1364-3
Chun SC, Paramasivan M, Chandrasekaran M (2018). Proline accumulation is influenced by the osmotic stress in arbuscular mycorrhizal symbiotic association with plants. Frontiers in Microbiology 29. https://doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2018.02525
Daszkowska-Golec A, Szarejko I (2013). Open or close the gate–stomata action under the control of phytohormones in drought stress conditions. Frontiers in Plant Science 4:138. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2013.00138
Dormatey R, Sun C, Ali K, Coulter JA, Bi Z, Bai J (2020) Gene pyramiding for sustainable Crop improvement against biotic and abiotic stresses. Agronomy 10(9):1255. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy10091255
Dien DC, Mochizuki T, Yamakawa T (2019). Effect of various drought stresses and subsequent recovery on proline, total soluble sugar and starch metabolisms in rice (Oryza sativa L.) varieties. Plant Production Science 22:530-545. https://doi.org/10.1080/1343943X.2019.1647787
Dixit S Singh A, Kumar A (2014). Rice breeding for high grain yield under drought: a strategic solution to a complex problem. International Journal of Agronomy 2014:1-16. https://doi.org/10.1155/2014/863683
Dixit S, Swamy BM, Vikram P, Bernier J, Cruz MS, Amante M, ... Kumar A (2012). Increased drought tolerance and wider adaptability of qDTY 12.1 conferred by its interaction with qDTY 2.3 and qDTY 3.2. Molecular Breeding 30:1767-1779.
Duan J, Cai W (2012). OsLEA3-2, an abiotic stress induced gene of rice plays a key role in salt and drought tolerance. PLoS One 7:e45117. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0045117
Fahramand M, Mahmoody M, Keykha A, Noori M, Rigi K (2014). Influence of abiotic stress on proline, photosynthetic enzymes and growth. International Research Journal of Applied and Basic Sciences 8:257-265.
Farooq M, Kobayashi N, Ito O, Wahid A, Serraj R (2010). Broader leaves result in better performance of indica rice under drought stress. Journal of Plant Physiology 167:1066-1075. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jplph.2010.03.003
Feuillet C, Leach JE, Rogers J, Schnable PS, Eversole K (2011). Crop genome sequencing: lessons and rationales. Trends in Plant Science 16:77-88. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tplants.2010.10.005
Fleury D, Jefferies S, Kuchel H, Langridge P (2010). Genetic and genomic tools to improve drought tolerance in wheat. Journal of Experimental Botany 61:3211-3222. https://doi.org/10.1093/jxb/erq152
Fukai S, Basnayake J, Makara O (2009). Drought resistance characters and variety development for rainfed lowland rice in Southeast Asia. In: Drought frontiers in rice: crop improvement for increased rainfed production. World Scientific pp 75-89.
Fahad S, Bajwa AA, Nazir U, Anjum SA, Farooq A, Zohaib A, Ihsan MZ (2017). Crop production under drought and heat stress: Plant responses and management options. Frontiers in Plant Sciences 8:1147. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2017.01147
Fan Y, Yin X, Xie Q, Xia Y, Wang Z, Song J, Jiang X (2019). Co-expression of SpSOS1 and SpAHA1 in transgenic Arabidopsis plants improves salinity tolerance. BMC Plant Biology 19(1):1-13. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12870-019-1680-7
Fukao T, Xu K, Ronald PC, Bailey-Serres J (2006). A variable cluster of ethylene response factor–like genes regulates metabolic and developmental acclimation responses to submergence in rice. The Plant Cell 18:2021-2034. https://doi.org/10.1105/tpc.106.043000
Gosal SS, Wani SH, Kang MS (2009). Biotechnology and drought tolerance. Journal of Crop Improvement 23:19-54. https://doi.org/10.1080/15427520802418251
Gouda G, Gupta MK, Donde R, Mohapatra T, Vadde R, Behera L (2020). Marker-assisted selection for grain number and yield-related traits of rice (Oryza sativa L.). Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants 26(5):885. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12298-020-00773-7
Großkinsky DK, Svensgaard J, Christensen S, Roitsch T (2015). Plant phenomics and the need for physiological phenotyping across scales to narrow the genotype-to-phenotype knowledge gap. Journal of Experimental Botany 66:5429-5440. https://doi.org/10.1093/jxb/erv345
Hallajian M, Ebadi A, Mohammadi M, Muminjanov H, Jamali S, Aghamirzaei M (2014). Integration of mutation and conventional breeding approaches to develop new superior drought-tolerant plants in rice (Oryza sativa). Annual Research & Review in Biology 1173-1186. https://doi.org/10.9734/ARRB/2014/5935
Hassan MU, Muhammad A, Muhammad UC, Tang H, Babar S, Lorenzo B, Muhammad N, Adnan R, Aniqa A, Ying L, Huang G. (2020). The critical role of zinc in plants facing the drought stress. Agriculture 10:396. https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture10090396
Hayat S, Hayat Q, Alyemeni MN, Wani AS, Pichtel J, Ahmad A (2012). Role of proline under changing environments: a review. Plant Signaling and Behavior 7:1456-1466. https://doi.org/10.4161/psb.21949
Heuer B (2010). Role of proline in plant response to drought and salinity. Handbook of plant and crop stress. CRC Press, Boca Raton pp 213-238.
Hussain HA, Hussain S, Khaliq A, Ashraf U, Anjum SA, Men S, Wang L (2018). Chilling and drought stresses in crop plants: Implications, cross talk, and potential management opportunities. Frontiers in Plant Science 9:393. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2018.00393
Hijmans RJ, Serraj R (2009). Modeling spatial and temporal variation of drought in rice production. In: Drought frontiers in rice: Crop improvement for increased rainfed production. World Scientific pp 19-31.
Hadiarto T, Tran LSP (2010). Progress studies of drought-responsive genes in rice. Plant Cell Reports 30(3):297-310. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00299-010-0956-z
Hiremath PJ, Farmer A, Cannon SB, Woodward J, Kudapa H, Tuteja R, ... Gujaria N (2011). Large‐scale transcriptome analysis in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.), an orphan legume crop of the semi‐arid tropics of Asia and Africa. Plant Biotechnology Journal 9:922-931. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-7652.2011.00625.x
Hu C, Delauney AJ, Verma D (1992). A bifunctional enzyme (delta 1-pyrroline-5-carboxylate synthetase) catalyzes the first two steps in proline biosynthesis in plants. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 89:9354-9358. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.89.19.9354
Hu H, Xiong L (2014). Genetic engineering and breeding of drought-resistant crops. Annual Review of Plant Biology 65:715-741. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-arplant-050213-040000
Huang XY, Chao DY, Gao JP, Zhu MZ, Shi M, Lin HX (2009). A previously unknown zinc finger protein, DST, regulates drought and salt tolerance in rice via stomatal aperture control. Genes and Development 23:1805-1817. https://doi.org/10.1101/gad.1812409
Iqbal MS, Akhilesh Singh K, Ansari MI (2020). Effect of drought stress on crop production. New Frontiers in Stress Management for Durable Agriculture pp 35-47.
Islam MT (2017). Effect of drought stress at different growth stages on yield and yield components of six rice (Oryza sativa L.) genotypes. Fundamental and Applied Agriculture 2:285-289. https://doi.org/10.5455/faa.277118
James D, Borphukan B, Fartyal D, Ram B, Singh J, Manna M, Reddy MK (2018) Concurrent overexpression of OsGS1;1 and OsGS2 genes in transgenic rice (Oryza sativa L.): Impact on tolerance to abiotic stresses. Frontiers in Plant Sciences 9:1-19. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2018.00786
Ji X, Dong B, Shiran B, Talbot MJ, Edlington JE, Hughes T, ... Dolferus R (2011). Control of abscisic acid catabolism and abscisic acid homeostasis is important for reproductive stage stress tolerance in cereals. Plant Physiology 156:647-662. https://doi.org/10.1104/pp.111.176164
Jones HG, Serraj R, Loveys BR, Xiong L, Wheaton A, Price AH (2009). Thermal infrared imaging of crop canopies for the remote diagnosis and quantification of plant responses to water stress in the field. Functional Plant Biology 36:978-989. https://doi.org/10.1071/FP09123
Jossier M, Kroniewicz L, Dalmas F, Le Thiec D, Ephritikhine G, Thomine S, ... Leonhardt N (2010). The Arabidopsis vacuolar anion transporter, AtCLCc, is involved in the regulation of stomatal movements and contributes to salt tolerance. The Plant Journal 64:563-576. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-313X.2010.04352.x
Kandowangko NY, Suryatmana G, Nurlaeny N, Simanungkalit RDM (2009). Proline and abscisic acid content in droughted corn plant inoculated with Azospirillum sp. and Arbuscular mycorrhizae fungi. HAYATI Journal of Biosciences 16:15-20.
Kato Y, Abe J, Kamoshita A, Yamagishi J (2006). Genotypic variation in root growth angle in rice (Oryza sativa L.) and its association with deep root development in upland fields with different water regimes. Plant and Soil 287:117-129. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11104-006-9008-4
Kosar F, Akram NA, Ashraf M, Ahmad A, Alyemeni MN, Ahmad P (2020). Impact of exogenously applied trehalose on leaf biochemistry, achene yield and oil composition of sunflower under drought stress. Physiology of Plants https://doi.org/10.1111/ppl.13155
Khan A, Pan X, Najeeb U, Tan DKY, Fahad S, Zahoor R, Luo H (2018). Coping with drought: stress and adaptive mechanisms, and management through cultural and molecular alternatives in cotton as vital constituents for plant stress resilience and fitness. Biological Research 47:1-17. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40659-018-0198-z
Kim Y, Chung, YS, Lee E, Tripathi P, Heo S, Kim KH (2020). Root response to drought stress in rice (Oryza sativa L.). International Journal of Molecular Sciences 21:1-22. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms21041513
Kim SL, Kim N, Lee H, Lee E, Cheon KS, Kim M, ... Kim KH (2020). High-throughput phenotyping platform for analyzing drought tolerance in rice. Planta 252:38. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00425-020-03436-9
Khush GS (1984). IRRI breeding program and its worldwide impact on increasing rice production. In: Gene manipulation in plant improvement. Springer pp 61-94.
Knapp SJ (1998). Marker‐assisted selection as a strategy for increasing the probability of selecting superior genotypes. Crop Science 38:1164-1174. https://doi.org/10.2135/cropsci1998.0011183X003800050009x
Kohli A, Sreenivasulu N, Lakshmanan P, Kumar PP (2013). The phytohormone crosstalk paradigm takes center stage in understanding how plants respond to abiotic stresses. Plant Cell Reports 32:945-957. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00299-013-1461-y
Konopka-Postupolska D, Clark G, Goch G, Debski J, Floras K, Cantero A, ... Hennig J (2009). The role of annexin 1 in drought stress in Arabidopsis. Plant Physiology 150:1394-1410. https://doi.org/10.1104/pp.109.135228
Köşkeroğlu S, Tuna AL (2010). The investigation on accumulation levels of proline and stress parameters of the maize (Zea mays L.) plants under salt and water stress. Acta Physiologiae Plantarum 32:541-549. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11738-009-0431-z
Kulcheski FR, de Oliveira LF, Molina LG, Almerão MP, Rodrigues FA, Marcolino J, ... Marcelino-Guimarães FC (2011). Identification of novel soybean microRNAs involved in abiotic and biotic stresses. BMC genomics 12:307. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2164-12-307
Kumar A, Basu S, Ramegowda V, Pereira A (2017). Mechanisms of drought tolerance in rice. Burleigh Dodds Science Publishing Limited 131-63. https://doi.org/10.19103/AS.2106.0003.08
Kumar A, Bernier J, Verulkar S, Lafitte H, Atlin G (2008). Breeding for drought tolerance: direct selection for yield, response to selection and use of drought-tolerant donors in upland and lowland-adapted populations. Field Crops Research 107:221-231. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fcr.2008.02.007
Kumar R, Venuprasad R, Atlin G (2007). Genetic analysis of rainfed lowland rice drought tolerance under naturally-occurring stress in eastern India: heritability and QTL effects. Field Crops Research 103:42-52. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fcr.2007.04.013
Kuromori T, Sugimoto E, Shinozaki K (2011). Arabidopsis mutants of AtABCG22, an ABC transporter gene, increase water transpiration and drought susceptibility. The Plant Journal 67:885-894. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-313X.2011.04641.x
Lafitte H, Li Z, Vijayakumar C, Gao Y, Shi Y, Xu J, ... Domingo J (2006). Improvement of rice drought tolerance through backcross breeding: evaluation of donors and selection in drought nurseries. Field Crops Research 97:77-86. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fcr.2005.08.017
Lafitte H, Yongsheng G, Yan S, Li Z (2007). Whole plant responses, key processes, and adaptation to drought stress: the case of rice. Journal of Experimental Botany 58:169-175. https://doi.org/10.1093/jxb/erl101
Lanceras JC, Pantuwan G, Jongdee B, Toojinda T (2004). Quantitative trait loci associated with drought tolerance at reproductive stage in rice. Plant Physiology 135:384-399. https://doi.org/10.1104/pp.103.035527
Lande R, Thompson R (1990). Efficiency of marker-assisted selection in the improvement of quantitative traits. Genetics 124:743-756.
Lee SJ, Kang JY, Kim SY (2009). An ARIA-interacting AP2 domain protein is a novel component of ABA signaling. Molecules and Cells 27:409-416. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10059-009-0058-3
Li W, Cui X, Meng Z, Huang X, Xie Q, Wu H, ... Liang W (2012). Transcriptional regulation of Arabidopsis MIR168a and argonaute1 homeostasis in abscisic acid and abiotic stress responses. Plant Physiology 158:1279-1292. https://doi.org/10.1104/pp.111.188789
Li ZK, Xu JL (2007). Breeding for drought and salt tolerant rice (Oryza sativa L.): progress and perspectives. In: Advances in molecular breeding toward drought and salt tolerant crops. Springer pp 531-564.
Li X, Guo Z, LV Y, Cen X, Ding X, Wu H, Li X, Huang J, Xiong L (2017). Genetic control of the root system in rice under normal and drought stress conditions by genome-wide association study. PLoS Genetics 1:24. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1006889
Li X, Ye J, Munir S, Yang T, Chen W, Liu G, Zhang Y (2019). Biosynthetic gene pyramiding leads to ascorbate accumulation with enhanced oxidative stress tolerance in tomato. International Journal of Molecular Sciences 20(7):1-17. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms20071558
Liang C, Wang Y, Zhu Y, Tang J, Hu B, Liu L, Ou S, Wu H, Sun X, Chu J (2014). OsNAP connects abscisic acid and leaf senescence by fine-tuning abscisic acid biosynthesis and directly targeting senescence-associated genes in rice. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 111:10013-10018. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1321568111
Liang P, Pardee AB (1992). Differential display of eukaryotic messenger RNA by means of the polymerase chain reaction. Science 257:967-971. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1354393
Liang X, Zhang L, Natarajan SK, Becker DF (2013). Proline mechanisms of stress survival. Antioxidants & Redox Signaling 19:998-1011. https://doi.org/10.1089/ars.2012.5074
Lilley J, Ludlow M, McCouch S, O'Toole J (1996). Locating QTL for osmotic adjustment and dehydration tolerance in rice. Journal of Experimental Botany 47:1427-1436.
Liu W, Reif JC, Ranc N, Della Porta G, Würschum T (2012). Comparison of biometrical approaches for QTL detection in multiple segregating families. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 125:987-998. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00122-012-1889-4
Lou Q, Chen L, Mei H, Wei H, Feng F, Wang P, Xia H, Li T, Luo L (2015). Quantitative trait locus mapping of deep rooting by linkage and association analysis in rice. Journal of Experimental Botany 66:4749-4757. https://doi.org/10.1093/jxb/erv246
Lu G, Gao C, Zheng X, Han B (2009). Identification of OsbZIP72 as a positive regulator of ABA response and drought tolerance in rice. Planta 229:605-615. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00425-008-0857-3
Lu W, Chu X, Li Y, Wang C, Guo X (2013). Cotton GhMKK1 induces the tolerance of salt and drought stress, and mediates defence responses to pathogen infection in transgenic Nicotiana benthamiana. PLoS One 8:e68503. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0068503
Lum M, Hanafi M, Rafii Y, Akmar A (2014). Effect of drought stress on growth, proline and antioxidant enzyme activities of upland rice. Journal of Animal and Plant Sciences 24:1487-1493.
Matsumura H, Yoshida K, Luo S, Kimura E, Fujibe T, Albertyn Z, ... Schroth GP (2010). High-throughput SuperSAGE for digital gene expression analysis of multiple samples using next generation sequencing. PloS One 5:e12010.
Miah G, Rafii M, Ismail M, Puteh A, Rahim H, Asfaliza R, Latif M (2013). Blast resistance in rice: a review of conventional breeding to molecular approaches. Molecular Biology Reports 40:2369-2388. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11033-012-2318-0
Moonmoon S, Islam MDT (2017). Effect of drought stress at different growth stages on yield and yield components of six rice (Oryza sativa L.) genotypes. Fundamental and Applied Agriculture 2(3):1. https://doi.org/10.5455/faa.277118
Malav AK, Chandrawat I, Chandrawat KS (2016). Gene pyramiding: an overview. International Journal of Current Research in Bioscience and Plant Biology 3:22-28. http://dx.doi.org/10.20546/ijcrbp.2016.307.004
Thalmann M, Pazmino D, Seung D, Horrer D (2016). Regulation of leaf starch degradation by abscisic acid is important for osmotic stress tolerance in plants. The Plant Cell 28(8). htpps://doi.org/10.1105/tpc.16.00143
Miao Y, Lv D, Wang P, Wang XC, Chen J, Miao C, Song C-P (2006). An Arabidopsis glutathione peroxidase functions as both a redox transducer and a scavenger in abscisic acid and drought stress responses. The Plant Cell 18:2749-2766. https://doi.org/10.1105/tpc.106.044230
Mir RR, Zaman-Allah M, Sreenivasulu N, Trethowan R, Varshney RK (2012). Integrated genomics, physiology and breeding approaches for improving drought tolerance in crops. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 125:625-645. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00122-012-1904-9
Mishra KK, Vikram P, Yadaw RB, Swamy BM, Dixit S, Cruz MTS, ... Kumar A (2013). qDTY 12. 1: a locus with a consistent effect on grain yield under drought in rice. BMC Genetics 14:12. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2156-14-12
Mitra J (2001). Genetics and genetic improvement of drought resistance in crop plants. Current Science 758-763. https://www.jstor.org/stable/24105661
Miyan MA (2015). Droughts in Asian least developed countries: Vulnerability and sustainability. Weather and Climate Extremes 7:8-23. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wace.2014.06.003
Nagalakshmi U, Wang Z, Waern K, Shou C, Raha D, ... Snyder M (2008). The transcriptional landscape of the yeast genome defined by RNA sequencing. Science 320:1344-1349. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1158441
Nahar S, Kalita J, Sahoo L, Tanti B (2016). Morphophysiological and molecular effects of drought stress in rice. Annals of Plant Science 5:1409-1416. https://doi.org/10.21746/aps.2016.09.001
Nguyen T, Klueva N, Chamareck V, Aarti A, Magpantay G, Millena A, ... Nguyen H (2004). Saturation mapping of QTL regions and identification of putative candidate genes for drought tolerance in rice. Molecular Genetics and Genomics 272:35-46. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00438-004-1025-5
Nielsen KL, Høgh AL, Emmersen J (2006). DeepSAGE-digital transcriptomics with high sensitivity, simple experimental protocol and multiplexing of samples. Nucleic Acids Research 34:e133-e133. https://doi.org/10.1093/nar/gkl714
Nielsen KL, Petersen AH, Emmersen J (2008). DeepSAGE-tag based transcriptome analysis beyond microarrays. In: Next Generation Genome Sequencing-Towards Personalized Medicine. Wiley-VCH.
Ntuli T (2012). Drought and desiccation-tolerance and sensitivity in plants, botany. Tech, Rijeka, Croatia
Oh SJ, Kwon CW, Choi DW, Song SI, Kim JK (2007). Expression of barley HvCBF4 enhances tolerance to abiotic stress in transgenic rice. Plant Biotechnology Journal 5:646-656. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-7652.2007.00272.x
Oladosu Y, Rafii M, Abdullah N, Abdul Malek M, Rahim H, Hussin G, ... Kareem I (2014). Genetic variability and selection criteria in rice mutant lines as revealed by quantitative traits. The Scientific World Journal. https://doi.org/10.1155/2014/190531
Oladosu Y, Rafii MY, Abdullah N, Hussin G, Ramli A, Rahim HA, ... Usman M (2016). Principle and application of plant mutagenesis in crop improvement: a review. Biotechnology & Biotechnological Equipment 30:1-16. https://doi.org/10.1080/13102818.2015.1087333
Oladosu Y, Rafii MY, Abdullah N, Malek MA, Rahim HA, Hussin G, ... Kareem I (2015). Genetic variability and diversity of mutant rice revealed by quantitative traits and molecular markers. Agrociencia 49:249-266.
Oladosu Y, Rafii MY, Samuel C, Fatai A, Magaji U, Kareem I, ... Kolapo K (2019). Drought resistance in rice from conventional to molecular breeding: a review. International Journal of the Molecular Sciences 20:3519. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms20143519
Ozga JA, Kaur H, Savada RP, Reinecke DM (2017). Hormonal regulation of reproductive growth under normal and heat-stress conditions in legume and other model crop species. Journal of Experimental Botany 68:1885-1894.
Palanog AD, Swamy BM, Shamsudin NAA, Dixit S, Hernandez JE, Boromeo TH, ... Kumar A (2014). Grain yield QTLs with consistent-effect under reproductive-stage drought stress in rice. Field Crops Research 161:46-54. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants8060186
Pan S, Rasul F, Li W, Tian H, Mo Z, Duan M, Tang X (2013). Roles of plant growth regulators on yield, grain qualities and antioxidant enzyme activities in super hybrid rice (Oryza sativa L.). Rice 6:9. https://doi.org/10.1186/1939-8433-6-9
Pandey V, Shukla A (2015). Acclimation and tolerance strategies of rice under drought stress. Rice Science 22:147-161. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rsci.2015.04.001
Pang Y, Chen K, Wang X, Xu J, Ali J, Li Z (2017). Recurrent selection breeding by dominant male sterility for multiple abiotic stresses tolerant rice cultivars. Euphytica 213:268. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10681-017-2055-5
Pantuwan G, Fukai S, Cooper M, Rajatasereekul S, O’toole J (2002). Yield response of rice (Oryza sativa L.) genotypes to drought under rainfed lowland: 3. Plant factors contributing to drought resistance. Field Crops Research 73:181-200. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-4290(01)00195-2
Peleg Z, Blumwald E (2011). Hormone balance and abiotic stress tolerance in crop plants. Current Opinion in Plant Biology 14:290-295. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pbi.2011.02.001
Peleg Z, Reguera M, Tumimbang E, Walia H, Blumwald E (2011). Cytokinin-mediated source/sink modifications improve drought tolerance and increase grain yield in rice under water-stress. Plant Biotechnology Journal 9:747-758. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-7652.2010.00584.x
Perata P, Voesenek LA (2007). Submergence tolerance in rice requires Sub1A, an ethylene-response-factor-like gene. Trends in Plant Science 12:43-46. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tplants.2006.12.005
Phung TH, Jung HI, Park JH, Kim JG, Back K, Jung S (2011). Porphyrin biosynthesis control under water stress: sustained porphyrin status correlates with drought tolerance in transgenic rice. Plant Physiology 157:1746-1764. https://doi.org/10.1104/pp.111.188276
Pirdashti H, Sarvestani ZT, Nematzadeh G, Ismail A (2003). Effect of water stress on seed germination and seedling growth of rice (Oryza sativa L.) genotypes. Journal of Agronomy https://doi.org/10.3923/ja.2003.217.222
Polania J, Rao IM, Cajiao C, Grajales M, Rivera M, Velasquez F, Raatz B, Beebe SE (2017). Shoot and root traits contribute to drought resistance in recombinant inbred lines of MD 23-24× SEA 5 of common bean. Frontiers in Plant Science 8:296. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2017.00296
Price AH, Steele K, Moore B, Jones R (2002a). Upland rice grown in soil-filled chambers and exposed to contrasting water-deficit regimes: II. Mapping quantitative trait loci for root morphology and distribution. Field Crops Research 76:25-43. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-4290(02)00010-2
Price AH, Townend J, Jones MP, Audebert A, Courtois B (2002b). Mapping QTLs associated with drought avoidance in upland rice grown in the Philippines and West Africa. Plant Molecular Biology 48:683-695. https://doi.org/10.1023/a:1014805625790
Prince SJ, Beena R, Gomez SM, Senthivel S, Babu RC (2015). Mapping consistent rice (Oryza sativa L.) yield QTLs under drought stress in target rainfed environments. Rice 8:25. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12284-015-0053-6
Rafalski JA (2010). Association genetics in crop improvement. Current opinion in Plant Biology 13:174-180. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pbi.2009.12.004
Rasheed A, Fahad Shah, Hassan MU, Tahir MM, Aamer M, Wu ZM (2020a). A review on aluminum toxicity and quantitative trait loci maping in rice (Oryza sativa L). Applied Ecology and Environmental Research 18:3951-3961. http://www.aloki.hu/pdf/1803_39513964.pdf
Rasheed A, Fahad S, Aamer M, Hassan MU, Tahir MM, Wu ZM (2020b). Role of genetic factors in regulating cadmium uptake, transport and accumulation mechanisms and quantitative trait loci mapping in rice. Applied Ecology and Environmental Research 18(3):4005-4023.
Rasheed A, Hassan MU, Aamer M, Bian JM, Xu ZR, He XF, ... Wu ZM (2020c). Iron toxicity, tolerance and quantitative trait loci mapping in rice; a review. Applied Ecology and Environmental Research 18:7483-7498.
Rebetzke G, Condon AG, Richards R, Farquhar G (2002). Selection for reduced carbon isotope discrimination increases aerial biomass and grain yield of rainfed bread wheat. Crop Science 42:739-745. https://doi.org/10.2135/cropsci2002.7390
Rivero RM, Gimeno J, Van Deynze A, Walia H, Blumwald E (2010). Enhanced cytokinin synthesis in tobacco plants expressing PSARK:IPT prevents the degradation of photosynthetic protein complexes during drought. Plant Cell Physiology 51:1929-1941. https://doi.org/10.1093/pcp/pcq143
Rathna Priya TS, Nelson ARLE, Ravichandran K, Antony U (2019). Nutritional and functional properties of coloured rice varieties of South India: a review. Journal of Ethnic Foods 6:1-11. https://doi.org/10.1186/s42779-019-0017-3
Ramanathan V, Rahman H, Subramanian S, Nallathambi J, Kaliyaperumal A, Manickam S, ... Muthurajan R (2018). OsARD4 encoding an acireductone dioxygenase improves root architecture in rice by promoting development of secondary roots. Scientific Reports 8:15713.
Rahman H, Ramanathan V, Nallathambi J, Duraialagaraja S, Muthurajan R (2016). Over-expression of a NAC 67 transcription factor from finger millet (Eleusine coracana L.) confers tolerance against salinity and drought stress in rice. BMC Biotechnology 16:35. htpps://doi.org/10.1186/s12896-016-0261-1
Reguera M, Peleg Z, Abdel-Tawab YM, Tumimbang EB, Delatorre CA, Blumwald E (2013). Stress-induced cytokinin synthesis increases drought tolerance through the coordinated regulation of carbon and nitrogen assimilation in rice. Plant Physiology 163:1609-1622. https://doi.org/10.1104/pp.113.227702
Reny H, Masdar M, Ganefianti DW (2017). Screening and identification of upland rice lines derived recurrent selection for drought tolerance. International Journal on Advanced Science Engineering Information Technology 7:1-6. http://dx.doi.org/10.18517/ijaseit.7.6.2955
Rivero RM, Kojima M, Gepstein A, Sakakibara H, Mittler R, Gepstein S, Blumwald E (2007). Delayed leaf senescence induces extreme drought tolerance in a flowering plant. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 104:19631-19636. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0709453104
Rohman A, Helmiyati S, Hapsari M, Setyaningrum DL (2014). Rice in health and nutrition. International Food Research Journal 21:13.
Sahebi M, Hanafi MM, Azizi P, Hakim A, Ashkani S, Abiri R (2015). Suppression subtractive hybridization versus next-generation sequencing in plant genetic engineering: challenges and perspectives. Molecular Biotechnology 57:880-903. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12033-015-9884-z
Sahebi M, Hanafi MM, Rafii M, Mahmud T, Azizi P, Osman M, ... Shabanimofrad M (2018). Improvement of drought tolerance in rice (Oryza sativa L.): Genetics, genomic tools, and the WRKY gene family. BioMed Research International 2018: 1-20. https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/3158474
Sabar M, Shabir G, Masood S, Shah SM, Aslam K, Naveed SA, Arif M (2019). Identification and mapping of QTLs associated with drought tolerance traits in rice by a cross between Super Basmati and IR55419-04. Breeding Science 69(1):169-178. https://doi.org/10.1270/jsbbs.18068
Saijo Y, Hata S, Kyozuka J, Shimamoto K, Izui K (2000). Over‐expression of a single Ca2+‐dependent protein kinase confers both cold and salt/drought tolerance on rice plants. The Plant Journal 23:319-327. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-313x.2000.00787.x
Saika H, Okamoto M, Miyoshi K, Kushiro T, Shinoda S, Jikumaru Y, ... Ando M (2007). Ethylene promotes submergence-induced expression of OsABA8ox1, a gene that encodes ABA 8′-hydroxylase in rice. Plant and Cell Physiology 48:287-298. https://doi.org/10.1093/pcp/pcm003
Salazar C, Hernández C, Pino MT (2015). Plant water stress: Associations between ethylene and abscisic acid response. Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research 75:71-79. http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-58392015000300008
Salehi-Lisar SY, Bakhshayeshan-Agdam H (2016). Drought stress in plants: causes, consequences, and tolerance. In: Drought Stress Tolerance in Plants. Springer 1:1-16.
Sandhu N, Dixit S, Swamy BPM, Vikram P, Venkateshwarlu C, Catolos M, Kumar A (2018). Positive interactions of major-efect QTLs with genetic background that enhances rice yield under drought. Scientific Reports 8:1-13. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-20116-7
Sellamuthu R, Ranganathan C, Serraj R (2015). Mapping QTLs for reproductive‐stage drought resistance traits using an advanced backcross population in upland rice. Crop Science 55:1524-1536.
Swamy BPM, Kumar A (2013). Genomics-based precision breeding approaches to improve drought tolerance in rice. Biotechnology Advances 31(8):1308-1318. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biotechadv.2013.05.004
Serraj R, McNally KL, Slamet-Loedin I, Kohli A, Haefele SM, Atlin G, Kumar A (2015). Drought resistance improvement in rice: an integrated genetic and resource management strategy. Plant Production Science 14:1-14. https://doi.org/10.1626/pps.14.1
Shamsudin NAA, Swamy BPM, Ratnam W, Cruz MTS, Raman A, Kumar A (2016). Marker assisted pyramiding of drought yield QTLs into a popular Malaysian rice cultivar, MR219. BMC Genetics 17:30. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12863-016-0334-0
Serrat X, Cardona M, Gil J, Brito AM, Moysset L, Nogués S (2014). A Mediterranean japonica rice (Oryza sativa) cultivar improvement through anther culture. Euphytica 195:31-44. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10681-013-0955-6
Serraj R, Sinclair T (2002). Osmolyte accumulation: can it really help increase crop yield under drought conditions? Plant, Cell and Environment 25:333-341. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-3040.2002.00754.x
Sharp R (2002). Interaction with ethylene: changing views on the role of abscisic acid in root and shoot growth responses to water stress. Plant, Cell & Environment 25:211-222. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-3040.2002.00798.x
Shim JS, Oh N, Chung PJ, Kim YS, Choi YD, Kim JK (2018). Overexpression of OsNAC14 improves drought tolerance in rice. Frontiers in Plant Science 9:310. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2018.00310
Sinclair TR (2011). Challenges in breeding for yield increase for drought. Trends in Plant Science 16:289-293. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tplants.2011.02.008
Shamsudin NA, Swamy BPM, Ratnam W, Cruz MTS, Sandhu N, Raman AK, Kumar A (2016). Pyramiding of drought yield QTLs into a high quality Malaysian rice cultivar MRQ74 improves yield under reproductive stage drought. Rice 9:21. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12284-016-0093-6
Singh C, Binod K, Suhel M, Kunj C (2012a). Effect of drought stress in rice: a review on morphological and physiological characteristics. Trends in Biosciences 5:261-265.
Singh R, Singh Y, Xalaxo S, Verulkar S, Yadav N, Singh S, ... Rao PR (2016). From QTL to variety-harnessing the benefits of QTLs for drought, flood and salt tolerance in mega rice varieties of India through a multi-institutional network. Plant Science 242:278-287. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.plantsci.2015.08.008
Singh S, Prasad S, Yadav V, Kumar A, Jaiswal B, Kumar A, Khan NA , Dwivedi DK (2018). Effect of drought stress on yield and yield components of rice (Oryza sativa L.) genotypes. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences 7:2752-2759.
Singh PR, Jain N, Singh PK, Pandey MK, Sharma K (2016). Effect of recurrent selection on drought tolerance and related morpho-physiological traits in bread wheat. PLoS One 11(6):e0156869. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0156869
Singh S, Pradhan S, Singh A, Singh O (2012b). Marker validation in recombinant inbred lines and random varieties of rice for drought tolerance. Australian Journal of Crop Science 6:606.
Sivamani E, Bahieldin A, Wraith JM, Al-Niemi T, Dyer WE, Ho THD, Qu R (2000). Improved biomass productivity and water use efficiency under water deficit conditions in transgenic wheat constitutively expressing the barley HVA1 gene. Plant Science 155:1-9. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0168-9452(99)00247-2
Su J, Wu R (2004). Stress-inducible synthesis of proline in transgenic rice confers faster growth under stress conditions than that with constitutive synthesis. Plant Science 166:941-948. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.plantsci.2003.12.004
Tamaki H, Reguera M, Abdel-Tawab YM, Takebayashi Y, Kasahara H, Blumwald E (2015). Targeting hormone-related pathways to improve grain yield in rice: a chemical approach. PLoS One 10:e013121. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0131213
Tang L, Cai H, Ji W, Luo X, Wang Z, Wu J, ... Zhu Y (2013). Overexpression of GsZFP1 enhances salt and drought tolerance in transgenic alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.). Plant Physiology and Biochemistry 71:22-30. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.plaphy.2013.06.024
Tanaka Y, Sano T, Tamaoki M, Nakajima N, Kondo N, Hasezawa S (2006). Cytokinin and auxin inhibit abscisic acid-induced stomatal closure by enhancing ethylene production in Arabidopsis. Journal of Experimental Botany 57(10):2259-2266. https://doi.org/10.1093/jxb/erj193
Tardieu F, Parent B, Simonneau T (2010). Control of leaf growth by abscisic acid: hydraulic or non‐hydraulic processes? Plant, Cell & Environment 33:636-647. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3040.2009.02091.x
Tran LSP, Nakashima K, Sakuma Y, Osakabe Y, Qin F, Simpson SD, ... Yamaguchi‐Shinozaki K (2007). Co‐expression of the stress‐inducible zinc finger homeodomain ZFHD1 and NAC transcription factors enhances expression of the ERD1 gene in Arabidopsis. The Plant Journal 49:46-63. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-313X.2006.02932.x
Travaglia C, Reinoso H, Cohen A, Luna C, Tommasino E, Castillo C, Bottini R (2010). Exogenous ABA increases yield in field-grown wheat with moderate water restriction. Journal of Plant Growth Regulation 29:366-374. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00344-010-9147-y
Trijatmiko KR, Prasetiyono J, Thomson MJ, Cruz CMV, Moeljopawiro S, Pereira A (2014). Meta-analysis of quantitative trait loci for grain yield and component traits under reproductive-stage drought stress in an upland rice population. Molecular Breeding 34:283-295. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11032-013-0012-0
Tripath, J, Zhang J, Robin S, Nguyen TT, Nguyen H (2000). QTLs for cell-membrane stability mapped in rice (Oryza sativa L.) under drought stress. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 100:1197-1202. https://doi.org/10.1007/s001220051424
Thalmann M, Pazmino D, Seung D, Horrer D (2016). Regulation of leaf starch degradation by abscisic acid is important for osmotic stress tolerance in plants. The Plant Cell 28:8. https://doi.org/10.1105/tpc.16.00143
Usman MG, Rafii MY, Martini MY, Yusuff OA, Ismail MR, Miah G (2017). Molecular analysis of Hsp70 mechanisms in plants and their function in response to stress. Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering Reviews 33:26-39. https://doi.org/10.1080/02648725.2017.1340546
Todaka D, Zhao Y, Yoshida T, Kudo M, Kidokoro S, Mizoi J (2017). Temporal and spatial changes in gene expression, metabolite accumulation and phytohormone content in rice seedlings grown under drought stress conditions. Plant Journal 90:61-78. https://doi.org/10.1111/tpj.13468
Usman MG, Rafii MY, Martini MY, Yusuff OA, Ismail MR, Miah G (2018). Introgression of heat shock protein (Hsp70 and sHsp) genes into the Malaysian elite chilli variety Kulai (Capsicum annuum L.) through the application of marker-assisted backcrossing (MAB). Cell Stress and Chaperones 23:223-234. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12192-017-0836-3
Upadhyaya H, Roy H, Shome S, Tewari S, Bhattacharya MK, Panda SK (2017). Physiological impact of Zinc nanoparticle on germination of rice (Oryza sativa L) seed. Journal of Plant Science. Phytopathology 1:62-70. https://doi.org/10.29328/journal.jpsp.1001008
Upadhyaya H, Panda SK (2019). Drought stress responses and its management in rice. Advances in Rice Research for Abiotic Stress Tolerance1-24. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-814332-2.00009-5
Upadhyaya H, Shome S, Tewari S, Bhattacharya MK, Panda SK (2016). Zinc nanoparticles induced comparative growth responses in rice (Oryza sativa L.) cultivars. In: Paul S, Tewari S (Eds). Frontiers of Research in Physical Sciences. pp 71-77.
Urbanova T, Leubner‐Metzger G (2016). Gibberellins and seed germination. Annual Plant Reviews 49. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781119210436.ch9.
Varshney RK, Graner A, Sorrells ME (2005). Genomics-assisted breeding for crop improvement. Trends in Plant Science 10:621-630. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tplants.2005.10.004
Venuprasad R, Dalid C, Del Valle M, Zhao D, Espiritu M, Cruz MS, ... Atlin G (2009). Identification and characterization of large-effect quantitative trait loci for grain yield under lowland drought stress in rice using bulk-segregant analysis. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 120:177-190. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00122-009-1168-1
Venuprasad R, Lafitte HR, Atlin GN (2007). Response to direct selection for grain yield under drought stress in rice. Crop Science 47:285-293. https://doi.org/10.2135/cropsci2006.03.0181
Verma SK, Saxena RR, Saxena RR, Xalxo MS, Verulkar SB (2014). QTL for grain yield under water stress and non-stress conditions over years in rice (Oryza sativa L.). Australian Journal of Crop Science 8:916.
Vikram P, Swamy BM, Dixit S, Ahmed H, Cruz MS, Singh AK, Ye G, Kumar A (2012). Bulk segregant analysis: An effective approach for mapping consistent-effect drought grain yield QTLs in rice. Field Crops Research 134:185-192.
Vikram, P, Swamy BM, Dixit S, Ahmed HU, Cruz MTS, Singh AK, Kumar A (2011). qDTY 1.1, a major QTL for rice grain yield under reproductive-stage drought stress with a consistent effect in multiple elite genetic backgrounds. BMC Genetics 12:89. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2156-12-89
Volaire F, Barkaoui K, Norton M (2014). Designing resilient and sustainable grasslands for a drier future: adaptive strategies, functional traits and biotic interactions. European Journal of Agronomy 52:81-89. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eja.2013.10.002
Wang H, Inukai Y, Yamauchi A (2006). Root development and nutrient uptake. Critical Reviews in Plant Sciences 25:279-301. https://doi.org/10.1080/07352680600709917
Wang X, Pang Y, Zhang J, Zhang Q, Tao Y, Feng B, ... Li Z (2014). Genetic background effects on QTL and QTL× environment interaction for yield and its component traits as revealed by reciprocal introgression lines in rice. The Crop Journal 2:345-357. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cj.2014.06.004
Weeks DP, Spalding MH, Yang B (2016). Use of designer nucleases for targeted gene and genome editing in plants. Plant Biotechnology Journal 14:483-495. https://doi.org/10.1111/pbi.12448
Wei H, Chen C, Ma X, Zhang Y, Han J, Mei H (2017). Comparative analysis of expression profiles of panicle development among tolerant and sensitive rice in response to drought stress. Frontiers in Plant Science 8:437. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2017.00437
Wilkinson S, Kudoyarova GR, Veselov DS, Arkhipova TN, Davies WJ (2012). Plant hormone interactions: innovative targets for crop breeding and management. Journal of Experimental Botany 63:3499-3509. https://doi.org/10.1093/jxb/ers148
Xiang Y, Huang Y, Xiong L (2007). Characterization of stress-responsive CIPK genes in rice for stress tolerance improvement. Plant Physiology 144:1416-1428. https://doi.org/10.1104/pp.107.101295
Xiao B, Huang Y, Tang N, Xiong L (2007). Over-expression of a LEA gene in rice improves drought resistance under the field conditions. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 115:35-46. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00122-007-0538-9
Xing W, Zhao H, Zou D (2014). Detection of main-effect and epistatic QTL for yield-related traits in rice under drought stress and normal conditions. Canadian Journal of Plant Science 94:633-641. https://doi.org/10.4141/cjps2013-297
Xu DQ, Huang J, Guo SQ, Yang X, Bao YM, Tang HJ, Zhang HS (2008). Overexpression of a TFIIIA-type zinc finger protein gene ZFP252 enhances drought and salt tolerance in rice (Oryza sativa L.). FEBS Letters 582:1037-1043. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.febslet.2008.02.052
Xu D, Duan X, Wang B, Hong B, Ho THD, Wu R (1996). Expression of a late embryogenesis abundant protein gene, HVA1, from barley confers tolerance to water deficit and salt stress in transgenic rice. Plant Physiology 110:249-257. https://doi.org/10.1104/pp.110.1.249
Xu R, Yang Y, Qin R, Li H, Qiu C, Li L, Wei P, Yang J (2016). Rapid improvement of grain weight via highly efficient CRISPR/Cas9-mediated multiplex genome editing in rice. Journal of genetics and genomics Yi Chuan Xue Bao 43:529. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jgg.2016.07.003
Yadav R, Courtois B, Huang N, McLaren G (1997). Mapping genes controlling root morphology and root distribution in a doubled-haploid population of rice. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 94:619-632. https://doi.org/10.1007/s001220050459
Yadira O, Reyes J, Alejandra A (2011). Late embryogenesis abundant proteins. Plant Signaling Behaviour 6:586-589. https://doi.org/10.4161/psb.6.4.15042
Yang J, and Zhang J (2006). Grain filling of cereals under soil drying. New Phytologist 169:223-236. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-8137.2005.01597.x
Yang J, Zhang J (2010). Crop management techniques to enhance harvest index in rice. Journal of Experimental Botany 61:3177-3189. https://doi.org/10.1093/jxb/erq112
Yang J, Zhang J, Wang Z, Xu G, Zhu Q (2004). Activities of key enzymes in sucrose-to-starch conversion in wheat grains subjected to water deficit during grain filling. Plant Physiology 135:1621-1629. https://doi.org/10.1104/pp.104.041038
Yang, J, Zhang J, Wang Z, Zhu Q, Wang W (2001). Hormonal changes in the grains of rice subjected to water stress during grain filling. Plant Physiology 127:315-323. https://doi.org/10.1104/pp.127.1.315
Yang W, Duan L, Chen G, Xiong L, Liu Q (2013). Plant phenomics and high-throughput phenotyping: accelerating rice functional genomics using multidisciplinary technologies. Current Opinion in Plant Biology 16:180-187. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pbi.2013.03.005
Yang X, Wang B, Chen L, Li P, Cao C (2019). The different influences of drought stress at the flowering stage on rice physiological traits, grain yield, and quality. Scientific Reports 9:1-12
You J, Hu H, Xiong L (2012). An ornithine δ-aminotransferase gene OsOAT confers drought and oxidative stress tolerance in rice. Plant Science 197:59-69. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.plantsci.2012.09.002
You J, Zong W, Li X, Ning J, Hu H, Li X, Xiao J, Xiong L (2013). The SNAC1-targeted gene OsSRO1c modulates stomatal closure and oxidative stress tolerance by regulating hydrogen peroxide in rice. Journal of Experimental Botany 64:569-583. https://doi.org/10.1093/jxb/ers349
Yoo YH, Nalini Chandran AK, Park JC (2017). OsPhyB-mediating novel regulatory pathway for drought tolerance in rice root identified by a global RNA-seq transcriptome analysis of rice genes in response to water deficiencies. Frontiers in Plant Sciences 8:1-19. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2017.00580
Yun YT, Kim HJ, Tai TH (2019). Identification of QTLs controlling seedling traits in temperate japonica rice under different water conditions. Plant Breeding and Biotechnology 7(2):106-122. https://doi.org/10.9787/PBB.2019.7.2.106
Zain NAM, Ismail MR, Puteh A, Mahmood M, Islam MR (2014). Impact of cyclic water stress on growth, physiological responses and yield of rice (Oryza sativa L.) grown in tropical environment. Ciência Rural 44:2136-2141. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0103-8478cr20131154
Zhang G, Chen M, Li L, Xu Z, Chen X, Guo J, Ma Y (2009). Overexpression of the soybean GmERF3 gene, an AP2/ERF type transcription factor for increased tolerances to salt, drought, and diseases in transgenic tobacco. Journal of Experimental Botany 60:3781-3796. https://doi.org/10.1093/jxb/erp214
Zhang J, Zheng H, Aarti A, Pantuwan G, Nguyen T, Tripathy J, ... Nguyen BD (2001). Locating genomic regions associated with components of drought resistance in rice: comparative mapping within and across species. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 103:19-29. https://doi.org/10.1007/s001220000534
Zhang Z, Li F, Li D, Zhang H, Huang R (2010). Expression of ethylene response factor JERF1 in rice improves tolerance to drought. Planta 232:765-774. https://doi.org/10.1007%2Fs00425-010-1208-8?LI=true
Zhang J, Li Y, Zahng H, Dong P, WE C (2018). Effects of different water conditions on rice growth at the seedling stage. Universidade Federal Rural do Semi-Árido 32:440-448. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1983-21252019v32n217rc
Zhao J, Gao Y, Zhang Z, Chen T, Guo W, Zhang T (2013). A receptor-like kinase gene (GbRLK) from Gossypium barbadense enhances salinity and drought-stress tolerance in Arabidopsis. BMC Plant Biology 13:110. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2229-13-110
Zhao XQ, Xu JL, Zhao M, Lafitte R, Zhu LH, Fu BY, ... Li ZK (2008). QTLs affecting morph-physiological traits related to drought tolerance detected in overlapping introgression lines of rice (Oryza sativa L.). Plant Science 174:618-625.
Zheng B, Yang L, Zhang W, Mao C, Wu Y, Yi K, ... Wu P (2003). Mapping QTLs and candidate genes for rice root traits under different water-supply conditions and comparative analysis across three populations. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 107:1505-1515. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00122-003-1390-1
Zheng BS, Yang L, Mao CZ, Huang YJ, Wu P (2008). Mapping QTLs for morphological traits under two water supply conditions at the young seedling stage in rice. Plant Science 175:767-776
Zhu B, Su J, Chang M, Verma DPS, Fan YL, Wu R (1998). Overexpression of a Δ1-pyrroline-5-carboxylate synthetase gene and analysis of tolerance to water-and salt-stress in transgenic rice. Plant Science 139:41-48.
Zhu G, Ye N, Yang J, Peng X, Zhang J (2011). Regulation of expression of starch synthesis genes by ethylene and ABA in relation to the development of rice inferior and superior spikelets. Journal of Experimental Botany 62:3907-3916. https://doi.org/10.1093/jxb/err088
Zou G, Mei H, Liu H, Liu G, Hu S, Yu X, ... Luo L (2005). Grain yield responses to moisture regimes in a rice population: association among traits and genetic markers. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 112:106-113. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00122-005-0111-3
Copyright (c) 2020 Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Open Access Journal:
The journal allows the author(s) to retain publishing rights without restriction. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author.