Effect of high-frequency tapping system on latex yield, tapping panel dryness, and biochemistry of young hillside tapping rubber

  • Raweerat RUKKHUN Prince of Songkla University, Faculty of Natural Resources, Agricultural Innovation and Management Division (Plant Science), Songkhla, Hat Yai 90110
  • Kesinee IAMSAARD National Chung Hsing University, Department of Soil and Environmental Sciences, Taichung
  • Sayan SDOODEE Prince of Songkla University, Faculty of Natural Resources, Agricultural Innovation and Management Division (Plant Science), Songkhla, Hat Yai 90110
  • Nipon MAWAN Khon Kaen University, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Agronomy, Khon Kaen, 40002
  • Nuttapon KHONGDEE University of Hohenheim, Institute of Agricultural Sciences in the Tropics (Hans-Ruthenberg-Institute), Stuttgart
Keywords: high-frequency tapping; para rubber; RRIM 600; southern Thailand

Abstract

The objective of this study was to examine the effect of high-frequency tapping system (1/3S 3d/4) on latex yield, biochemistry and its impact on the Tapping Panel Dryness (TPD) of young RRIM600 hillside tapping rubber. The experiment was conducted at three different hillside rubber plantations (NM 1 - 3) at Na-Mom district, Song Khla province, Thailand. Eight-year-old rubber RRIM 600 clones was used in the experiment starting from 2008 until 2009. The rubber trees were investigated for latex yield production, bark consumption, and TPD. In addition, latex diagnosis (sucrose, inorganic phosphorus (Pi), and thiol levels) was measured. The results demonstrated that high-frequency tapping system positively affected the rubber latex yield formation. However, site-specific condition of rubber plantation altered latex yield production. NM 3 provided the highest latex yield (fresh and dry weight) as compared to other plantations. Tapping frequency was highly correlated to latex yield (fresh and dry weights) in all investigated rubber plantations (R2 > 0.75). Using high-frequency tapping system increased bark consumption and stimulated TPD. Moreover, results of latex diagnosis (sucrose, Pi, and thiol levels) showed relatively unhealthy rubber tree as impacted by high-frequency tapping system. Therefore, the farmer should consider it for better decision-making for tapping system application.

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Published
2020-12-22
How to Cite
RUKKHUN, R., IAMSAARD, K., SDOODEE, S., MAWAN, N., & KHONGDEE, N. (2020). Effect of high-frequency tapping system on latex yield, tapping panel dryness, and biochemistry of young hillside tapping rubber. Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca, 48(4), 2359-2367. https://doi.org/10.15835/nbha48412045
Section
Research Articles
CITATION
DOI: 10.15835/nbha48412045