Effect of low frequency magnetic field (LFMF) on seed quality of radish (Raphanus sativus L.) seeds

  • Xianzong XIA Poznań University of Life Sciences, Department of Plant Pathology, Seed Science and Technology, ul. Dąbrowskiego 159, 60-594, Poznań
  • Gregorio PADULA Poznań University of Life Sciences, Department of Plant Pathology, Seed Science and Technology, ul. Dąbrowskiego 159, 60-594, Poznań
  • Leszek KUBISZ Poznań University of Medical Sciences, Department of Biophysics, Fredry 10, 61-710, Poznań
  • Roman HOŁUBOWICZ Poznań University of Life Sciences, Department of Plant Pathology, Seed Science and Technology, ul. Dąbrowskiego 159, 60-594, Poznań
Keywords: seedling fresh weight; seed germination; seedling length; seed priming

Abstract

In recent years, the application of magnetism in agriculture has been paid more and more attention to, especially in the field of its treatment on the seed germination and physiological indexes of seedlings grown out of them. In this experiment, the radish (Raphanus sativus L.) seeds of two cultivars ‘Carmen’ and ‘Szkarłatna z Białym Końcem’ were treated by 20 mT low frequency magnetic field (LFMF) for 10, 30 and 60 minutes, respectively. The MF was generated from a Viofor JPS Delux - a patented device adopted from the routine medical magnetic therapy. By measuring their seed germination rate (energy), seedling length and fresh weight, it was proved that LFMF improved the seed quality of both radish cultivars and the best results were received for the longest exposing time. The received that way results were similar as reported for priming of radish seeds. The developed treatment has a great potential in replacing traditional seed priming methods. However, for its commercial use, for selected crops and cultivars, further research is still needed.

Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

References

Anonymous (2012). International rules for seed testing, Edition 2012. The International Seed Testing Association (ISTA), Bassersdorf, ISBN 13 978-3-906549-68-2.

Bao JH, Yun XF (2010). Effect of magnetic field treatment on cauliflower seed germination and seedling growth. Journal of Inner Mongolia University for Nationalities (Natural Sciences) 25(1):62-65 (in Chinese). https://doi.org/10.14045/j.cnki.15-1220.2010.01.016

Chang Y, Jiao L (2016). Research progress in treatment technology of horticultural plant seeds. Seed 35(1):48-51 (in Chinese). https://doi.org/10.16590/j.cnki.1001-4705.2016.01.048

Chen HJ, Wu JL, Gao XH, Lu BZ (2008). Biological effect of magnetic field on cucumber seeds. Journal of Shaanxi Normal University (Natural Science Edition) 36:81-84 (in Chinese). https://doi.org/10.15983/j.cnki.jsnu.2008.04.017

Fan LJ, Li YR, Yang LL, Zhou XM (2007). Effects of the different magnetic field treatments on the physiology characteristic of several plants. Journal-Shanxi University Natural Science Edition 30(1):98-101 (in Chinese). https://doi.org/10.13451/j.cnki.shanxi.univ(nat.sci.).2007.01.027

He ZT, Jian XL (2016). Effect on rotating magnetic field on seed germination and seedling growth of wheat. Guihaia 36(9):1076-1081 (in Chinese). https://doi.org/10.11931/guihaia.gxzw201503029

Hołubowicz R (2016). Seed production and technology. Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Przyrodniczego w Poznaniu.

Hołubowicz R, Kubisz L, Gauza M, Tong YL, Hojan-Jezierska D (2014). Effect of low frequency magnetic field (LFMF) on the germination of seeds and selected useful characters of onion (Allium cepa L.). Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca 42(1):168-172. https://doi.org/10.15835/nbha4219131

Hua H, Shen YB, Wu W (2008). Effects of magnetic field on seed quality, POD and SOD of Pinus massoniana. Journal of Nanjing Forestry University (Natural Sciences Edition) 32(3):39-42 (in Chinese).

Li XM (2010). Effect of polyethylene glycol on seed vigor and chilling resistance of radish seedlings. Chinese Agricultural Science Bulletin 26(13):183-186 (in Chinese).

Liu QX, Yu LC (2010). Effect of the treatment of magnetic field on the seed vigor and the enzymatic activity of PPO and SOD in leaf of cabbage. Journal of Anhui Agricultural Science 38(25):13626-13627 (in Chinese). https://doi.org/10.13989/j.cnki.0517-6611.2010.25.141

Maroufi K, Farahani HA, Aghdam AM (2011). Increasing of seedling vigour by thermo priming method in radish (Raphanus sativus L.). Advances in Environmental Biology 3743-3747.

Pan SF, Yang F, Han CY, Yu LL, Dong P, Sun P, Qi X (2015). Study on controllable magnetization water treatment equipment. Journal of Agricultural Mechanization Research 9:139-142. (in Chinese). https://doi.org/10.13427/j.cnki.njyi.2015.09.031

Qi JS, Lu CX, Yue RQ, Han XH, Yan SF, Tie SG (2015). Effect of composite magnetic field on seeds germination and seedling growth and development of maize. Chinese Agricultural Science Bulletin 31(27):41-45. (in Chinese).

Ren HL, Li CX, Tao B (2015). Biological magnetic dispose on crop. Modern Agricultural Science and Technology 1:14-15. (in Chinese).

Sakthivel S, Natarajan K, Magheswaran S (2013). Magnetic seed treatment. In: Seed quality enhancement. Principles and practices. Vanagamudi K, Kalaivani S, Vanagamudi M, Sasthri G, Selvakumari A, Srimathi P (Eds). Scientific Publishers, Jodhpur, India, pp 308-315.

Song JP, Wang JL, Li Y, Shen D, Li XX (2015). Comparative study on the methods for restoring the vigor of aged seeds of radish. Acta Agriculturae Boreali - Sinica 30(S):189-195 (in Chinese). https://doi.org/10.7668 /hbnxb.2015.S1.034

Sun L, Liu QH, Xia RY, Ding RN, Yi WS, Chen JJ (2010). Magnetic treatment on growth and development of rape seed. Academic Periodical of Farm Products Processing 12(229):37-38 (in Chinese). https://doi.org/10.3969/jissn

Vanangamudi K, Kalaivani S, Vanangamudi M, Sasthri G, Selvakumari A, Srimathi P (2013). Seed quality enhancement. Principles and practices. Scientific Publishers, Jodhpur, India.

Wang JL, Lu CZ, Chen DD, Zhou GZ (2011). Effect of magnetic field and magnetized water on germination of super-sweet corn seeds. Journal of Anhui Agricultural Science 39(3):1265-1267 (in Chinese). https://doi.org/10.13989/j.cnki.0517-6611.2011.03.116

Xie J, Wu YM (2011). Effect of magnetic field treated water on the germination and growth of the seeds of Brassicaceae. Chinese Journal of Tropical Agriculture 31(2):8-10. (in Chinese).

Xie XH, Yu YM, Yi YL (2007). Effect of magnetic treatment soil on biological characters and absorption phosphorus of corn seedling. Journal of Maize Science 15(1):85-87 (in Chinese). https://doi.org/10.13597/j.cnki.maize.science.2007.01.021

Xu J, Zheng SY (2009). Effects of magnetic treatment on rice seeds vitality and photosynthetic indexes. Seed 28:86-88 (in Chinese). https://doi.org/10.16590/j.cnki.1001-4705.2009.11.059

Yao WF, Shen YB (2015). Advances in the biological effects of magnetic treatment on seed germination. Chinese Bulletin of Botany. 50(4):527-533. https://doi.org/10.11983/CBB14145

Yuan ZY, Wu SL, Zhu JK, Li G (2016). Effect of static magnetic field on seed germination of processed tomato Rigel 87-5. Modern Agricultural Science and Technology 7:71-76. (in Chinese).

Yuan ZY, Zhu JK, Wu SL, Li G (2015). Effect of static magnetic field on seed germination of tomato Tunhe 9. Journal of Anhui Agricultural Science 43(17):1-2. https://doi.org/10.13989/j.cnki.0517-6611.2015.17.001

Zheng SY, Xu J (2010). Effect of magnetic treatment on seed germination and photosynthetic characteristics of wheat. Journal of Triticeae Crop 30(1):79-82 (in Chinese).

Zhou XR, He SM, Xiang DY (2008). Biology effect of magnetized water on the seeds of soybean, maize and rice. Journal of Anhui Agricultural Science 36(17):7113-7115. (in Chinese).

Published
2020-09-23
How to Cite
XIA, X., PADULA, G., KUBISZ, L., & HOŁUBOWICZ, R. (2020). Effect of low frequency magnetic field (LFMF) on seed quality of radish (Raphanus sativus L.) seeds. Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca, 48(3), 1458-1464. https://doi.org/10.15835/nbha48311918
Section
Research Articles