Fertilization expression via nitrogen indices in soybean crop under two system tillage
Keywords:fertilization; nitrogen indicators; nitrogen uptake; soil tillage; soybean
Soybean (Glycine max L.) constitutes a crop that is currently of interest both for its nutritional properties in humans and animals and for its contribution to soil nitrogen. It belongs to legumes, that means that it can take N2 and channel it to the soil, to be assimilable from plants. In addition, its high oil and protein content makes it important because of its nutritional properties. Moreover, soybean is a crop that has a major impact on nitrogen indicators. In this study, set up two same experiments in 2018-2019, in Western Greece. There were identified the effects of different fertilizer application (Control, N80, N100, N120), and different tillage (conventional tillage (CT), no tillage (NT)), on soil (organic matter, root density, no nodules/soil) and in agronomic (LAI, height, N% in upper parts, Yield, N% in seeds, N uptake in upper parts, N uptake in seed, N total uptake) characteristics. As well as in nitrogen indicators (nitrogen use efficiency, nitrogen harvest index, nitrogen agronomic efficiency, effects of absorption, effects of uptake). Soil properties were affected mainly by the tillage. However agronomic characteristics presented more differences between the different fertilizer application and finally the indicators were affected on both the parameters.
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