Comparison of European Archaeophyte lists in the light of distribution data

  • Károly ECSERI John von Neumann University, Faculty of Horticulture and Rural Development, Department of Horticulture, 1-3, Mészöly Gyula Square 6000, Kecskemét
  • Péter HONFI Szent István University, Faculty of Horticultural Science, Institute of Sustainable Horticulture, Department of Floriculture and Dendrology, 29-43. Villányi Street, 1118, Budapest
Keywords: archaeobotany, chorology, phytogeography, segetal plants, taxonomy

Abstract

Currently is not available a complex archaeophyte definition based on the same criteria in Europe, and it cause significant anomalies between neighbouring countries. The main aim of our work was to provide the criteria which based on the available lists and chorological information. For this purpose, the archaeophyte flora of 15 European countries was compared in our research. The list of available resources has been revised and completed, taking into account the distribution data of the species. The lists were merged to contain 560 species. The majority of the plants in the merged list belong to the Asteraceae and Poaceae families with 74 and 55 species, respectively. The Chenopodium genus is characterized by the most frequent occurrence (14 species). More than half of the plants are annual and 151 species belong to Eurasian geoelements. The greatest numbers of species were observed in Crete (461 species) and Greece (460 species) and the smallest numbers were observed in Ireland (240 species) and England (241 species). In case of individual countries, plants with composite flowers, annual life form and Eurasian elements represent the highest volume, but the number of southern geoelements is also significant. All lists included anaecophytes archaeophytes. Comparison of revised lists showed 83-99% similarity. Using with this method can be formed an international archaeophyte database, which based on phytogeographical distribution and helps future researchers.

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Published
2020-03-31
How to Cite
ECSERI, K., & HONFI, P. (2020). Comparison of European Archaeophyte lists in the light of distribution data. Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca, 48(1), 480-491. https://doi.org/10.15835/nbha48111812
Section
Research Articles