Influence of organic technology on vegetative growth and production of three climbing edible roses (Rosa sp.)
In the present study, three climbing edible roses (‘Crown Princess Margareta’, ‘Falstaff’ and ‘Brother Cadfael’) were evaluated for total vegetative growth and flowers production, besides correlations with soil microbiological and agrochemical parameters. The applied organic technology included a soil preparatory stage with three ameliorative plants (Sinapis alba L., Phacelia tanacetifolia L. and Tagetes patula L.) and two organic mulch variants (wood chips and wool) after plantation. In variant Sinapis and Tagetes, all three varieties of roses showed the highest values for parameters: total vegetative growth, number of shoots, average shoots length and flowers number. Significant positive correlations between biometric parameters and soil bacteria, phosphorus, mineral nitrogen, potassium (0-20 cm horizon) and humus (20-40 cm horizon) content were observed. Significant positive correlations between the number of flowers and the soil respiration coefficient, soil content in phosphorus, potassium, humus, total soluble salts and mineral nitrogen were noticed. Negative correlations with soil pH have been observed. Taking into account the data obtained in the two flowering stages in 2017, the average yield per hectare cultivated with ‘Crown Princess Margareta’ was 9.44 t petals/ha. For the ‘Falstaff’ and ‘Brother Cadafael’ cultivars, the yields were 7.54 and 5.62 t petals per hectare respectively.
Austin D (2012). Handbook of Roses - European edition. David Austin Press, UK.
Beales P, Cairns T, Duncan W, Fagan G, Grant W, Grapes K, … Ruston D (1998). Botanica’s roses. The Encyclopaedia of Roses. Grange Books PLC, Kent, UK.
Bojor O, Răducanu D (2007). Plante și miresme biblice: hrană pentru suflet și trup [Biblical plants and fragrances: food for the soul and body]. Fiat Lux Publishing House, Bucharest.
Butcaru AC, Stănică F, Matei GM, Matei S (2019). Influences of soil ameliorative plant species on the organic edible rose culture. Acta Horticulturae 1242:107-114.
Butcaru AC, Stănică F (2018). Cultivation technology of organic roses for petal production. Scientific Papers, Series B, Horticulture, LXII:203-210.
Butcaru AC, Stănică F, Madjar R (2017a). Influence of ameliorative plants and mulch on some soil agrochemical characteristics in an organic edible rose crop. Scientific Papers, Series B, Horticulture LXI:101-106.
Butcaru AC, Stănică F, Matei GM, Matei S (2017b). Soil microbial activity in an organic edible rose crop. Scientific Papers, Series B, Horticulture LXI:107-112.
Chira L (2009). Cultura arbuștilor fructiferi [Fruit bushes culture]. M.A.S.T. Publishing House, Bucharest.
Dong X, Jiang X, Kuang G, Wang Q, Zhong M, Jin D, Hu J (2017). Genetic control of flowering time in woody plants: Roses as an emerging model. Plant Diversity 39:104-110.
Fernandes L, Casal S, Pereira JA, Saraiv JA, Ramalhosa E (2017). Edible flowers: A review of the nutritional, antioxidant, antimicrobial properties and effects on human health. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis 60:38-50.
Friedman H, Agami O, Vinokur Y, Droby S, Cohen L, Refaeli G, Resnick N, Umiel N (2010). Characterization of yield, sensitivity to Botrytis cinerea and antioxidant content of several rose species suitable for edible flowers. Scientia Horticulturae 123(3):395-401.
Hessayon DG (2005). Expert în cultivarea trandafirilor [Expert in rose cultivation]. BIC ALL Publishing House, Bucharest.
Hoza D (2000). Pomologie [Pomology]. Prahova Publishing House, Ploiești.
Lambraki M (2001). Plantes, herbees, legumes verts, fruits [Plants, Herbs, Green Vegetables, Fruits]. Lambraki Publishing House, Greece.
Lia A, Lia S, Lia HB, Xua DP, Xub XR, Chenc F (2014). Total phenolic contents and antioxidant capacities of 51 edible and wild flowers. Journal of Functional Foods 6:319 –330.
Madjar R, Davidescu V (2009). Agrochimie [Agrochemistry]. Ex Terra Aurum Publishing House, Bucharest.
Matei GM, Dumitru S, Matei S, Butcaru A, Stănică F (2017). Microbiological aspects in soil microbiome composition and activity under the influence of organic mulches. International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference: SGEM: Surveying Geology and Mining Ecology Management 17:813-820.
McKinley M (2008). Complete guide to roses. The Scotts Miracle - Gro Company, USA.
Milică C, Bavaru A, Bavaru E (2010). Trandafirul: gingășie, frumusețe, sănătate. Monografia genului Rosa [Rose: delicacy, beauty, health. Monography Rose genus]. Pim Publishing House, Iași.
Pomohaci C, Vâșcă-Zamfir D (2017). Elemente de biostatistică informatică aplicate în floricultură [Elements of computer biostatistics applied in floriculture]. Ex Terra Aurum Publishing House, Bucharest.
Samadiyan-Sarbangholi V, Abbaszadeh B, Lebaschy MH, Tabaei-Aghdaei SR (2013). Investigation the effect of iron chelate and NPK on yield of Rosa damascena for the first time in Iran. International Journal of Forest, Soil and Erosion 3(3):100-103.
Stănică F, Braniște N (2011). Ghid pentru pomicultori [Fruit growers guide]. Ceres Publishing House, Bucharest.
Sumedrea D, Isac I, Iancu M, Olteanu A, Coman M, Duțu I (2014). Pomi, arbuști fructiferi, căpșun. Ghid tehnic și economic [Fruit trees, shrubs, strawberries. Technical and economical guide]. Invel Multimedia Publishing House, Pitești.
Vinokur Y, Rodov V, Reznick N, Rot I, Goldman G, Horev B, Umiel N, Friedman H (2006). Rose petal tea as an antioxidant-rich beverage: cultivar variability. Journal Food Science 71:S42-S47.
Vasilca-Mozăceni A (2002). Incursiune in Fitoterapie [Incursion in Phytotherapy]. Polirom Publishing House, Iași.
Zală CR (2015). Microbiologie agricolă [Agricultural microbiology]. Didactic and Pedagogical Publishing House, Bucharest.
Wagner Ș (2010). Trandafiri cu parfum [Roses with fragrance]. Napoca Star Publishing House, Cluj-Napoca.
Copyright (c) 2020 Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Open Access Journal:
The journal allows the author(s) to retain publishing rights without restriction. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author.