Physiological characteristics and vase life responses of rose cut flowers (Rosa hybrida L. cv. ‘Royal Baccara’) to benzyl adenine and 1- metylcylcopropene
+prolonging vase life and decreasing post-harvest losses are considered a basic strategy towards sustainable development of agriculture, and the application of growth regulators, e.g. benzyl adenine(BA) and 1-metylcylcopropane(1-MCP), is one of the practical methods for them. The effects of benzyl adenine(BA) and 1-metylcylcopropene(1-MCP) on some biochemical characteristics and vase life of rose cv. ‘Royal Baccara’ (Rosa hybrida L. cv. ‘Royal Baccara’), were explored in a factorial experiment based on a randomized complete block design with three replications in 2017. The factors included BA at three levels of 0 (control), 75 and 150 ppm and 1-MCP in three levels of 0 (control), 1 and 2 µl/L-1. The results showed that the maximum soluble protein content was observed in 150 (ppm) BA+ 2 (µl.L-1) 1-MCP treatments on the second, fourth, sixth, and eighth days. The results of this research revealed that BA at the rates of 75 and 150 ppm and 1-MCP at the rates of 1 and 2 (µl.L-1) enhanced soluble protein content by 10.49, 13.37, 15.18, and 18.18 percent as compared to the control, respectively. The results showed that the maximum proline content was related to the control and the minimum content was observed in the plants treated with 150 (ppm) BA+ 2 (µl.L-1) 1-MCP. The endoproteases enzyme content was slightly decreased on the eighth day, indicating the efficacy of BA and 1-MCP in inhibiting the senescence process and prolonging vase life of rose flowers. The results showed that the application of 1 or 2 μl.L-1 1-MCP and 150 mg L-1 BA can improve the vase life of cut roses
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