Piriformospora indica: a root endophytic fungus and its roles in plants

  • Liu YANG Yangtze University, College of Horticulture and Gardening, Jingzhou, Hubei 434025
  • Jin-Li CAO Yangtze University, College of Horticulture and Gardening, Jingzhou, Hubei 434025
  • Ying-Ning Zou Yangtze University, College of Horticulture and Gardening, Jingzhou, Hubei 434025,
  • Qiang-Sheng WU Yangtze University, College of Horticulture and Gardening, 88 Jingmi Road, 434025 Jingzhou; University of Hradec Kralove, Faculty of Science, Department of Chemistry, Hradec Kralove 50003
  • Kamil KUČA University of Hradec Kralove, Faculty of Science, Department of Chemistry, Hradec Kralove 50003 https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9664-1109
Keywords: biofertilizer; endophytic fungus; Piriformospora indica; symbiotic interaction

Abstract

Piriformospora indica is a discovered endophytic fungus colonizing in roots of plants in 1998. The fungus can form the mycelium, mycelial roll, and pear-shaped spores in intercellular and intracellular regions of roots. The fungus colonizes various host plants and also realizes the pure culture in vitro without roots of host plants. P. indica shows many positive effects on host plants, including the promotion of plant growth, the enhancement of nutrient acquisition and stress tolerance, the improvement of disease resistance, and the promoted accumulation of bioactive substances. The commercial production of the fungal spores is established in bioreactor with nanostructured materials “zinc oxide” as nano embedded fungus, which provides provides changes into confers. The review simply summarized the biological characteristics of P. indica, physiological roles in plants, and potential utilization as a biofertilizer.

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Published
2020-03-31
How to Cite
YANG, L., CAO, J.-L., Zou, Y.-N., WU, Q.-S., & KUČA, K. (2020). Piriformospora indica: a root endophytic fungus and its roles in plants. Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca, 48(1), 1-13. https://doi.org/10.15835/nbha48111761
Section
Review Articles