Content in organic acids of Mespilus spp. and Crataegus spp. genotypes

  • Sina N. COSMULESCU University of Craiova, Horticulture Faculty, Department of Horticulture & Food Science, 13 A.I. Cuza Street, Craiova
  • Ion TRANDAFIR University of Craiova, Faculty of Chemistry, 107 Calea Bucuresti Street, Craiova
  • Flavia SCRIECIU University of Craiova, Horticulture Faculty, Doctoral School of Plant and Animal Resources Engineering, 13 A.I. Cuza Street, Craiova
  • Ana-Maria STOENESCU University of Craiova, Horticulture Faculty, Doctoral School of Plant and Animal Resources Engineering, 13 A.I. Cuza Street, Craiova
Keywords: fruits; genotype; hawthorn; HPLC; medlar; organic acids

Abstract

Medlar and hawthorn genotypes were analyzed and also their individual organic acids, in order to better understand their use as functional foods, but also as ingredients in pharmaceutical, nutritional products and in medicine. HPLC analysis was carried out using a Surveyor Thermo Electron system. Ascorbic, oxalic, tartric, malic, citric, succinic and fumaric acids were detected. On average, malic acid was predominant with a range of 415.08 mg/100 g FW in Mespilus germanica and 1,128.68 mg/100 g FW in Crataegus pentagyna. The order of organic acid depending on their content/100 g FW was: for Mespilus germanica - malic > tartric > oxalic > citric > fumaric > ascorbic > succinic; for Crataegus monogyna - malic > oxalic > citric > succinic >tartric > ascorbic > fumaric; for Crataegus pentagyna - malic > citric > oxalic > succinic >tartric > ascorbic > fumaric. The data obtained in this study do confirm that medlar and hawthorn fruits are a rich source of organic acid, and their organic acid content within the 100 g was greater than human daily consumption for this required level.

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Published
2020-03-31
How to Cite
COSMULESCU, S. N., TRANDAFIR, I., SCRIECIU, F., & STOENESCU, A.-M. (2020). Content in organic acids of Mespilus spp. and Crataegus spp. genotypes. Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca, 48(1), 171-176. https://doi.org/10.15835/nbha48111746
Section
Research Articles