Use of Mycorrhiza to Reduce Mineral Fertilizers in Soilless Melon (Cucumis melo L.) Cultivation


  • Sultan DERE University of Siirt, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Horticulture, Siirt; University of Cukurova, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Horticulture, Adana (TR)
  • Ayse COBAN Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, General Directorate of Agricultural Research and Policies (TAGEM), Ankara; University of Cukurova, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Horticulture, Adana (TR)
  • Yelderem AKHOUNDNEJAD University of Sirnak, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Horticulture, Sirnak; University of Cukurova, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Horticulture, Adana (TR)
  • Suleyman OZSOY University of Cukurova, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Horticulture, Adana (TR)
  • Hayriye Yildiz DASGAN University of Cukurova, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Horticulture, Adana (TR)



Brix in melon; hydroponics; plant growth; saving-nutrients; yield


Intensive use of mineral fertilizers in soilless growing systems can have adverse effects on the environment and human health and could be economically expensive. Aim of this study was whether it can be reduced mineral nutrients in soilless grown melon by using mycorrhizae inoculation. The experiment has been carried out in the early spring growing period in a greenhouse in the Mediterranean climate. The eight treatments have been applied:  (1) 100% Full nutrition (control), (2) 100% Full nutrition+mycorrhiza, (3) 80% nutrition, (4) 80% nutrition+mycorrhiza (5) 60% nutrition (6) 60% nutrition+mycorrhiza (7) 40% nutrition, (8) 40% nutrition+mycorrhiza. Effects of mycorrhiza on melon plant growth, yield, fruit quality, and leaf nutrient concentrations were investigated. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi colonization is accompanied by plant growth increases in reduced nutrient levels. The mycorrhiza inoculation had a significant enhancing effect on total yield in soilless grown melon plants. The highest increasing effect on melon yield was observed in the “80% nutrient+mycorrhiza”, and AM- inoculated plants produced 49.5% higher melon yield (12.4 kg m-2) than that of control plants without mycorrhizae (8.3 k gm-2). AM-inoculation was also able to establish an improvement in Brix and EC of melon fruit. In the nutrient contents of leaves, there were slight increases in AM-inoculated plants, except P. The P content was significantly increased in AM-inoculated 80% nutrient plants as comparison to that of its control.


Abak K, Dasgan HY, Rehber Y, Ortas I (2010). Effect of vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizas on plant growth of soilless grown muskmelon. Acta Horticulturae 871:301-306.

Abak K, Rehber Y, Yıldız M, Dasgan HY, Ortas I (2008). Topraksız hıyar yetiştiriciliğinde vesiküler arbisküler mikorizaların bitki gelişimi ve meyve verimine etkileri [Effects of vesicular arbuscular mychorrhizas on plant growth and yield of soilless grown cucumber]. Turkey V National Horticulture Congress, September 2007, Erzurum-Turkey 2:258-261.

Al-Karaki GN (2006). Nursery inoculation of tomato with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and subsequent performance under irrigation with saline water. Scientia Horticulturae 109:1-7.

Altuntas O, Abak K, Dasgan HY (2015). Serada biber yetiştiriciliğinde arbusküler mikorizal fungus kullanımının bitki gelişimi ve verime etkileri [The Effects of using arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi on the plant development and yield in pepper growth in greenhouses]. Selcuk Tarim Bilimleri Dergisi 2(2):144-151.

Baslam M. Esteban R, Garcia-Plazaola JI, Goicoechea N (2013). Effectiveness of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) for inducing the accumulation of major carotenoids, chlorophylls and tocopherol in green and red leaf lettuces. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology 97:3119-3128.

Charron G, Furlan V, Bernier-Cordou M, Doyon G (2001). Response of onion plants to arbuscular mycorrhizae. 1. Effects of inoculation method and phosphorus fertilization on biomass and bulb firmness. Mycorrhiza 11:187-197.

Chen S, Zhao H, Zou C, Li Y, Chen Y, Wang Z, … Ahammed GJ (2017). Combined inoculation with multiple arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi improves growth, nutrient uptake and photosynthesis in cucumber seedlings. Frontiers in Microbiology 8:2516.

Cigsar S, Sari N, Ortas I (2000). The effects of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus on plant growth and yield of cucumber. Turkish Journal of Agriculture 24:571-578.

Dasgan HY, Aydoner G, Akyol M, (2010). Using of some microorganisms as bio-fertilizers in soilless grown squash for saving chemical nutrients. Acta Horticulturae 927:155-162.

Dasgan HY, Kusvuran S, Ortas I (2008). Responses of soilless grown tomato plants to arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal (Glomus fasciculatum) colonization in re-cycling and open systems. African Journal of Biotechnology 7(20):3606-3613.

Dobrojan S, Scedillaaalaru V, Stratulat I, Dobrojan G (2017). Administration of algal bio-fertilizers to cultivation of tomatoes (Lycopersicum esculentum L.) under greenhouse conditions. Scientific Papers-Series A, Agronomy 60:73-76.

George E, Häussler K, Kothari SK, Li XL, Marschner H (1992).Contribution of mycorrhizal hyphae to nutrient and water uptake of plants. In: Mycorrhizas in ecosystems (Eds). Read DJ, Lewis DH, Fitter AH, Alexander IJ. CAB International Cambridge pp 4248.

Gómez-López, MD, Baille A, González-Real MM, Mercader-Hernández JM (2004). Growth and mineral nutrition of cucumber soilless culture. Acta Horticulturae 633:519-524.

Gul A, Kıdoglu F, Tuzel Y, Tuzel H (2008). Effects of nutrition and Bacillus amyloliquefaciens on tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) growing in perlite. Spanish Journal of Agricultural Research 6(3):422-429.

Guler HY, Olympus C, Gerasopoulos D (1995). Effects of substrates on the quality characteristics of the hydroponically grown sweet melon (Cucumis melo). Acta Horticulturae 379:261-265.

Hochmuth G, Maynard D, Vavrina C, Hanlon E, Simonne E (2012). Plant tissue analysis and interpretation for vegetable crops in Florida. IFAS Extension, University of Florida,

Ikiz O, Abak K, Dasgan HY, Ortas I (2009). Effect of mycorrhizal inoculation in soilless culture on pepper plant growth. Acta Horticulturae 807:533-539.

Ikiz O (2003). The effects of mycorrhiza on soilless pepper cultivation. Department of Horticulture, Institute of Natural and Applied Sciences, University of Cukurova, Adana-Turkey, PhD thesis, Code number 730.

Jones JB (2001). Laboratory guide for conducting soil tests and plant analysis. CRC Press pp 384.

Karagiannidis N, Fotios B, Nikolaos S (2002). Effects of Verticillium wilt (Verticillium dahliae Kleb.) and mycorrhiza (Glomus mosseae) on root colonization, growth and nutrient uptake in tomato and eggplant seedlings. Scientia Horticulturae 94:145-156.

Maboko MM, Bertling I, Plooy CPD (2013). Arbuscular mycorrhiza has limited effects on yield and quality of tomatoes grown under soilless cultivation. Acta Agriculturae Scandinavica Section B-Soil and Plant Science 63(3):261-270.

Marschner H (1993). Zinc uptake from soils. In: Robson AD (Ed). Zinc in soils and plants. Developments in plant and soil sciences. Vol 55. Springer, Dordrecht.

Michałojć Z, Jarosz Z, Pitura K, Dzida K (2015). Effect of mycorrhizal colonızation and nutrıent solutions concentration on the yıeldıng and chemical composıtıon of tomato grown in rockwool and straw medium. Acta Scientiarum Polonorum Hortorum Cultus 14(6):15-27.

Ortas I (2003). Effect of selected mycorrhizal inoculation on phosphorus sustainability in sterile and no-sterile soils in the Harran Plain in southern Anatolia. Journal of Plant Nutrition 26(1):1-17.

Ortas I, Kaya Z, Cakmak I (2001). Influence of VA-mycorrhiza inoculation on growth of maize and green pepper plants in phosphorus and zinc-deficient soils. In: Horst WJ et al. (Eds). Plant Nutrition-Food Security and Sustainability of Agro-ecosystems, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht pp 632-633.

Rehber Y (2004). The effectiveness of vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizas in the soilless culture of muskmelon. Department of Horticulture, Institute of Natural and Applied Sciences, University of Cukurova, Adana-Turkey. MSc thesis, Code number 2365.

Sari N, Ortas I, Yetisir H (2002). Effect of mycorrhizal inoculation on plant growth, yield and phosphorus uptake in garlic under field conditions. Communications in Soil Sciences and Plant Analysis 33(13-14):2189-2201.

Westphal A, Snyder NL, Xing L (2008). Effects of ınoculations with mycorrhizal fungi of soilless potting mixes during transplant production on watermelon growth and early fruit yield. HortScience 43(2):354-360.




How to Cite

DERE, S., COBAN, A., AKHOUNDNEJAD, Y., OZSOY, S., & DASGAN, H. Y. (2019). Use of Mycorrhiza to Reduce Mineral Fertilizers in Soilless Melon (Cucumis melo L.) Cultivation. Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca, 47(4), 1331–1336.



Research Articles
DOI: 10.15835/nbha47411738