Development of SCAR markers related to heat tolerance in Kentucky bluegrass
As a high-quality cool-season grass, Kentucky bluegrass (Poa pratensis) is facing increasing threat of high temperature, so improving its heat tolerance (HT) has become an important breeding target. In this study, the HT of 84 materials was identified in the artificial climate chamber, and 15 most heat-tolerant and 15 most heat-sensitive materials were selected respectively to construct two DNA pools. There was a significant difference in high-temperature tolerance time between the plants in the two pools, which was more than 22 days. A total of 304 sequence-related amplified polymorphism (SRAP) and 88 simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers were used to screen the polymorphic bands between the two pools. Then, these bands were transformed into sequence characterized amplified region (SCAR) markers, and finally 12 SCAR dominant markers related to HT were obtained, which could detect the heat-sensitive materials efficiently. Among them, S-me8×em2 and S-me52×em5 had the best identification effect, and the consistency between the absence of these two markers and the heat-sensitive phenotype was 87%. According to the comparison with NCBI database, the sequences of 12 SCAR markers had no homology with known HT related genes. Next, we would further verify the HT identification efficiency of these SCAR markers in single plants within materials, and try to use them in molecular marker-assisted breeding.
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