Effect of Al on the growth and nutrients uptake of blueberries (Vaccinium spp.)

  • Qilong ZENG Institute of Botany, Jiangsu Province and Chinese Academy of Sciences, No.1 Qianhu Houcun, Zhongshanmen Wai, Nanjing, Jiangsu Province, 210014
  • Yanqin JIANG Institute of Botany, Jiangsu Province and Chinese Academy of Sciences, No.1 Qianhu Houcun, Zhongshanmen Wai, Nanjing, Jiangsu Province, 210014
  • Gangqiang DONG Amway (China) Botanical R&D Center, Wuxi, Jiangsu Province, 214115
  • Jiguang WEI Institute of Botany, Jiangsu Province and Chinese Academy of Sciences, No.1 Qianhu Houcun, Zhongshanmen Wai, Nanjing, Jiangsu Province, 210014
  • Jiafeng JIANG Institute of Botany, Jiangsu Province and Chinese Academy of Sciences, No.1 Qianhu Houcun, Zhongshanmen Wai, Nanjing, Jiangsu Province, 210014
  • Liangliang TIAN Institute of Botany, Jiangsu Province and Chinese Academy of Sciences, No.1 Qianhu Houcun, Zhongshanmen Wai, Nanjing, Jiangsu Province, 210014
  • Hong YU Institute of Botany, Jiangsu Province and Chinese Academy of Sciences, No.1 Qianhu Houcun, Zhongshanmen Wai, Nanjing, Jiangsu Province, 210014
Keywords: Al toxicity; lipid peroxidation; root activity; root morphology

Abstract

Aluminum (Al) is the major factor limiting plant growth on acidic soils. Blueberry (Vaccinum spp.) is an acidophilic plant. Highbush blueberry and rabbiteye blueberry are the main commercially cultivated species, while the response of which to Al is still unclear. Therefore, hydroponic experiments were conducted to determine the effect of Al (0 and 100 μmol L−1) on the growth and nutrient uptake of highbush blueberry ‘Brigitta’ and rabbiteye blueberry ‘Brightwell’. The results showed that root biomass, root length per fresh weight, root activity and foliar nitrogen (N) concentration of ‘Brigitta’ were significantly decreased by Al, while root lipid peroxidation was increased by Al. In contrast, the biomass and root activity of ‘Brightwell’ were not affected by Al treatment, root lipid peroxidation was significantly decreased, root length and surface area per fresh weight were increased compared with the control, which was benefic for nutrients absorption. In fact, foliar N concentration of ‘Brightwell’ was increased in Al treatments. However, fewer Al was accumulated in leaves of ‘Brightwell’ compared to ‘Brigitta’. Therefore, it could be concluded that growth and nutrients uptake of ‘Brightwell’ was not negative affected by Al, which meant ‘Brightwell’ was resistant to Al, compared to ‘Brigitta’.

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Published
2020-06-30
How to Cite
ZENG, Q., JIANG, Y., DONG, G., WEI, J., JIANG, J., TIAN, L., & YU, H. (2020). Effect of Al on the growth and nutrients uptake of blueberries (Vaccinium spp.). Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca, 48(2), 656-665. https://doi.org/10.15835/nbha48211643
Section
Research Articles