Effects of Mycorrhiza Inoculation and Grafting for Sweet Pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) Crop Under Low-Tech Greenhouse Conditions

  • Attila OMBÓDI Szent István University, Faculty of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, Institute of Horticulture, no. 1, Páter K. st., 2100, Gödöllő
  • Andrea CSORBAINÉ GÓGÁN Szent István University, Faculty of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, Institute of Horticulture, no. 1, Páter K. st., 2100, Gödöllő
  • Zita BIRKÁS Szent István University, Faculty of Horticultural Sciences, Department of Vegetable and Mushroom Growing, no. 29-43, Villányi rd., 1118, Budapest
  • Noémi KAPPEL Szent István University, Faculty of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, Institute of Horticulture, no. 1, Páter K. st., 2100, Gödöllő
  • Claudio Kendi MORIKAWA National Agricultural Research Organisation, Institute of Vegetable and Floriculture Science, Division of Vegetable Pest Management and Functional Analysis, 360 Kusawa, Ano, Tsu, 514-2392
  • Noémi KOCZKA Szent István University, Faculty of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, Institute of Horticulture, no. 1, Páter K. st., 2100, Gödöllő
  • Katalin POSTA Szent István University, Faculty of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, Institute of Genetics, Microbiology and Biotechnology, no. 1, Páter K. st., 2100, Gödöllő, Hungary; Industrial University of Ho Chi Minh City, Institute of Biotechnology and Food Technology, Institute of Biotechnology and Food Technology, no. 12 , Nguyen Van Bao st., Go Vap District, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
Keywords: plant mortality; plant mass; root colonization; SPAD value; yield parameters

Abstract

In low-cost, unheated greenhouses and tunnels the use of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) and/or grafting can be a less expensive and sustainable solution to combat the adverse effects of monoculture, instead of costly soilless culture. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of a commercially available AMF inoculant and grafting on sweet pepper, under circumstances of modelling commercial low-tech greenhouse production. ‘SV9702PP F1’ sweet pepper hybrid was cultivated for seven months in an unheated greenhouse. Beside the control, three treatments were applied: ungrafted AMF treated plants, plants grafted on ‘Bagi F1’ hybrid and AMF treated plus grafted plants. AMF was applied into the planting holes just before transplanting. AMF treatment had positive effects on relative chlorophyll content of leaves (expressed in SPAD value), on plant stand, on plant mass production, on yield and on root colonization rate, despite the high presence of indigenous populations of AMF in the greenhouse soil. With the applied rootstock/scion combination, grafting did not significantly affect the aforementioned parameters. SPAD values were increased by the AMF treatment during periods when smaller doses of nitrogen (less than 0.8 g N per m-2 week-1) were applied. Significant positive correlation was found between root colonization rate and marketable yield. AMF treatment increased the yield by 18% (from 12.43 to 14.74 kg m-2), mostly due to higher number of fruits. Yield increase was mainly realised during the last third of the harvest period, when the applied nutrient doses were low and temperature conditions were suboptimal.

 

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In press - Online First. Article has been peer reviewed, accepted for publication and published online without pagination. It will receive pagination when the issue will be ready for publishing as a complete number (Volume 47, Issue 4, 2019). The article is searchable and citable by Digital Object Identifier (DOI). DOI link will become active after the article will be included in the complete issue.

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Published
2019-11-28
How to Cite
OMBÓDI, A., CSORBAINÉ GÓGÁN, A., BIRKÁS, Z., KAPPEL, N., MORIKAWA, C. K., KOCZKA, N., & POSTA, K. (2019). Effects of Mycorrhiza Inoculation and Grafting for Sweet Pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) Crop Under Low-Tech Greenhouse Conditions. Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca, 47(4). https://doi.org/10.15835/nbha47411641
Section
Research Articles